2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index

The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S NASS Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Policy Since the last Annual Meeting, the NASS Board has signific...

176KB Sizes 2 Downloads 38 Views

The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

NASS Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Policy Since the last Annual Meeting, the NASS Board has significantly revised its disclosure policy for both members and nonmembers participating in NASS activities. Going several steps further than the original policy (which was adopted in January 2006), the new policy adopted by the NASS Board of Directors at the Toronto Annual Meeting in October 2008 requires that participants disclose estimated dollar amounts of all relationships held in the calendar year preceding disclosure. NASS recognizes that professional relationships with industry are essential for development of new spine technologies and medical advancement. According to the NASS Ethics Committee, which authored the new policy, ‘‘the goal is to create an environment of scientific validity, in which learners can accurately judge whether the information they receive is objective and unbiased, and to be sure that our members are current and forthright in their dealings with one another and with their colleagues and patients.’’ The establishment of uniform disclosure requirements frees individuals from having to decide which relationships might influence his or her decision-making and which are irrelevant; transparent disclosure allows the audience to participate in the interpretation of the significance. Anyone speaking at the Annual Meeting has been required to provide complete disclosure of all conflicts of interest. Commercial Support Disclosure As a sponsor accredited with commendation by the ACCME, the North American Spine Society must ensure balance, independence, objectivity and scientific rigor in all its sponsored activities. All individuals participating in a sponsored activity are expected to disclose to the activity audience any significant financial interest or other relationship (1) with the manufacturer(s) of any commercial product(s) and/or provider(s) of commercial services discussed in an educational presentation and (2) with any commercial supporters of the activity. (‘Significant financial interest or other relationship’’ may include but is not limited to: grants or research support, employee, consultant, major stockholder, member of the speaker’s bureau, etc.) Disclosure information will be made available visually on a PowerPointÒ slide before each presentation, in the Final Program, orally by the moderator and in The Spine Journal Proceedings supplement. Program Committee Statement on Resolution of Conflict of Interest in Presentations The intent of this disclosure is to ensure that all conflicts of interest, if any, have been identified and have been resolved prior to the speaker’s presentation. By doing so, the North American Spine Society has determined that the speaker’s or author’s interests or relationships have not influenced the presentation with regard to exposition or conclusion; nor does the Society view the existence of these interests or commitments as necessarily implying bias or decreasing the value of the presentation. FDA Disclosure If a device or drug requiring FDA approval is identified as an important component of a presentation, the author must indicate the FDA status of those devices or drugs as Approved, Investigational or Not Approved for distribution within the United States. The Final Program and The Spine JournalÔ Proceedings supplement will include all FDA status information. Certain medical devices and drugs identified at the 24th Annual Meeting may have FDA clearance for use for specific purposes only, or in restricted research settings. The FDA has stated it is the responsibility of the physician to determine the FDA status of each drug or device he or she wishes to use in clinical practice and to use these products in compliance with applicable law.

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index A Abbi, Gaurav: Nothing to Disclose. Abbott, Rosalyn: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Abdulhamid, Mohamed M.: Nothing to Disclose. Abitbol, Jean-Jacques: Royalties: K2 M (D), Osprey (B); Stock Ownership: K2 M (500,000 shares), Osprey (2,000 shares),

Syndicom (10,000 shares), Amedica (130,000 shares); Private Investments: Spinecore (80,000 shares), Paradigm Spine (1,931 shares), SurgiFile (70,000 shares); Consulting: Stryker (E); Scientific Advisory Board: K2 M (Royalties/Stock ownership disclosed). Abjornson, Celeste: Other Office: Synthes Spine (Employee).

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09 0000-0000/08/$ – see front matter Ó 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Abraham, Edward P.: Nothing to Disclose. Adams, Jacob: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Adams, Sherrill L.: Nothing to Disclose. Adler, Martin: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Aflatoon, Kamran: Nothing to Disclose. Agarwal, Anand: Consulting: Aesculap B. Braun (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Kyphon, Medtronic, Inc. (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (B), Fziomed, Inc. (B). Aguinaldo, Arnel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ahmadinia, Kasra: Nothing to Disclose. Ahmed, Shakeel: Nothing to Disclose. Ahn, Edward S.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Codman (B); Other: Medtronic, Inc. (B). Ahn, Nicholas U.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker (B); Grants: Stryker (B); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (B). Ahn, Poong-gee: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ahn, Sang-Ho: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ahuja, Sashin: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Akbarnia, Behrooz A.: Royalties: K2 M (A); Stock Ownership: Allez Spine (1 share/0.67%); Consulting: NuVasive, K2 M, Ellipse (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: NuVasive, DePuy, K2 M (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: NuVasive, K2 M, DePuy Spine (Travel reimbursement); Board of Directors: SRS, OREF (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Ellipse, K2 M (Consulting disclosed); Grants: K2 M, DePuy Spine, NuVasive (C); Fellowship Support: DePuy, Medtronic, Inc. (F). Aksu, Neslihan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Akuthota, Venu: Other Office: AAPMR Musculoskeletal Council Chair (None), Emerging Technologies in Spine Course (B); Grants: Bob Doctor Grant (B), American Physical Therapy Association (D); Other: PM&R Journal Senior Editor (B). Alamin, Todd: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Alanay, Ahmet: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc., Johnson & Johnson (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc., Johnson & Johnson (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc., Johnson & Johnson (B). Alavi, Abass: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Albert, Todd J.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (G), K2 M (C); Stock Ownership: K2 M (!1%), Pioneer (!1%), Biomerix (!1%), Paradigm Spine (!1%); Private Investments: Breakaway Imaging (!1%), Crosstree (!1%), Spotlight Surgical (!1%), Pealdiver (Options), Gentis (!1%); Consulting: DePuy Spine (H), Biomet (B); Scientific Advisory Board: In Vivo Therapeutics (Options), Gentis (Options). Aliasgar, Dalal: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Aljahwari, Ahmed: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Allain, Je´rome: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Allen, Ben: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Alosh, Hassan: Nothing to Disclose. Alpizar-Aguirre, Armando: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Altman, Daniel T.: Nothing to Disclose. Amaral, Terry: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ames, Christopher P.: Consulting: Stryker (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Kryptonite (Options); Grants: DePuy (D); Fellowship Support: DePuy (D). An, Howard S.: Royalties: U&I, Inc. (E); Stock Ownership: Articular Engineering LLC (20%); Consulting: DePuy Spine

215S

(B), Zimmer Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Rush University Medical Center (Endowed Chair and Professor at Rush University Medical Center, D); Board of Directors: Articular Engineering LLC (Board of Directors, options, 20%); Scientific Advisory Board: Pioneer, Inc. (Biologic Scientific Advisory Board, 15,000 shares), Spinal Kinetics (Scientific Advisory Board, 10,000 shares); Endowments: Rush University Medical Center (D); Grants: DePuy Spine (D), NIH (F); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (D), DePuy Spine (E), Synthes, Inc. (E). An, Sung Hwan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Anand, Neel: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (E), NuVasive (E); Stock Ownership: TranS1 (Unknown), Globus (150,000 shares); Private Investments: Paradigm Spine (Unknown), Bonovo Orthopaedics (Unknown), Pearl Diver (Unknown); Consulting: NuVasive (D); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (D), Gobus Medical, Inc. (C), Applied Spine Technologies, Inc. (B), Pioneer Surgical Technology, Inc. (B), TranS1 (B), Zimmer (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (Consulting disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Applied Spine (10,000 shares), Atlas Spine (10,000 shares), Globus Medical (150,000 shares); Grants: Zimmer (E). Andersen, Romney: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Anderson, Andrew E.: Nothing to Disclose. Anderson, D. Greg: Royalties: DePuy Spine (F), Medtronic Sofamor Danek (E); Consulting: DePuy Spine (D), Synthes (C), Medtronic Sofamor Danek (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (Consulting disclosed). Anderson, Paul A.: Royalties: Stryker (B); Stock Ownership: Pioneer (250,000 shares/!1%); Private Investments: Titan (2,000 shares/!1%), Expanding Orthopedics (1,000 shares/ !1%); Consulting: Pioneer (B), Medtronic, Inc. (F); Trips/ Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Pioneer (None); Grants: North American Spine Society (D). Anderson, Ryan: Nothing to Disclose. Angeline, Michael E.: Nothing to Disclose. Anson, John A.: Nothing to Disclose. Aono, Kiyoshi: Nothing to Disclose. Appley, Allan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. April, Ernest W.: Nothing to Disclose. Archer, Kristin: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Arlet, Vincent: Royalties: AOSpine International (D); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: AO North America (Amount not disclosed); Board of Directors: European Spine Journal (Editor); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Synthes (E); Fellowship Support: AOSpine North America (E). Arnold, Paul M.: Private Investments: Z-plasty (Unknown); Consulting: Stryker Spine (D), Theken Spine (C), Fziomed, Inc. (B), K2 M (B), Medtronic, Inc. (B), AOSpine North America (C), Apatech (None). Arunakul, Rattalerk: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Asdourian, Paul L.: Royalties: Alphatec Spine, Inc. (F); Stock Ownership: Alphatec Spine, Inc. (82,113 shares/!1%); Private Investments: Paradigm Spine (52,000 shares/!1%), Globus Medical Inc (1,687,756 shares/!1%), Vertebral Technologies Inc (600,000 shares/!1%), K2 M (62,500 shares/!1%); Consulting: Theken Spine (Integra) (C); Board of Directors: Vertebral Technologies, Inc. (100,000 shares); Scientific Advisory Board: Vertebral Technology, Inc. (50,000 shares);

216S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Research Support: Investigator Salary: Globus Medical, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Asghar, JahanGir: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Asher, Marc: Royalties: Isola Implants, Inc. (F). Ashraf, Nomaan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ashton, Alex: Nothing to Disclose. Atsuta, Yuji: Nothing to Disclose. Attenello, Frank J.: Nothing to Disclose. Aubin, Carl-Eric: Trips/travel: Medtronic (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, NSERC (F). Aueer, Powell Britain: Nothing to Disclose. Auerbach, Joshua D.: Consulting: Synthes Spine (C), DePuy Spine (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes Spine (C), Fonar, Inc. (B); Grants: DePuy Spine (D). Aurouer, Nicolas: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Avanthi, Chikka: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Aydogan, Mehmet: Disclosure not available at time of publication.

B Baaj, Ali A.: Nothing to Disclose. Babu, Maya: Nothing to Disclose. Babuska, Jason: Nothing to Disclose. Bacon, Sarah: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Badhwar, Amit: Nothing to Disclose. Badura, Jeffrey M.: Stock Ownership: Medtronic, Inc. (200 shares); Other: Medtronic (Employee). Bae, Hyun: Royalties: NuVasive (F), Stryer (F), Zimmer (C), Biomet (C), Spine Wave (B); Stock Ownership: Spine Wave (54,000 shares/!1%); Private Investments: Paradigm Spine (300,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Synthes (B); Speaking and/ or teaching arrangements: Stryker (C); Trips/travel: Spine Research Foundation (B); Scientific Advisory Boards: Spinal Restoration (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Paradigm Spine (D); Grants: Orthovita (C). Bagheri, Ramin: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Bahney, Timothy J.: Nothing to Disclose. Bahri, Shadfar: Nothing to Disclose. Bailey, Chrisopher S.: Nothing to Disclose. Bailey, Gregory: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Bak, Koang Hum: Nothing to Disclose. Baker, Kelly J.: Nothing to Disclose. Baker, Ray M.: Stock Ownership: Relievant MedSystems (45,000 shares); Private Investments: Nocimed (140,706 shares/1.56%), Laurimed (30,000 shares/0.5%/C); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B, dissolved 2009); Board of Directors: ISIS Secretary (None). Baldini, Todd: Nothing to Disclose. Baldwin, Nevan G.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker Spine (Amount not disclosed). Banagan, Kelley E.: Nothing to Disclose.

Banco, Robert J.: Consulting: Globus Medical (B); Speaking and/ or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B), Surgicraft (B), Stryker Spine (B). Barbagallo, Giuseppe: Nothing to Disclose. Barreau, Xavier: Consulting: Vexim (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Vexim (B); Trips/Travel: Vexim (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Vexim (None). Barrios, Carlos: Nothing to Disclose. Bartels, R.H.M.A.: Nothing to Disclose. Barz, Thomas: Nothing to Disclose. Bastian, Leonard: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Medtronic, Inc. (B). Bastrom, Tracey: Nothing to Disclose. Battie´, Michele C.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Baty, Darric E.: Nothing to Disclose. Bauer, Zoya: Nothing to Disclose. Beaubien, Brian P.: Stock Ownership: Zyga Technology (B); Other Office: Zyga Technology (Employee). Beaurain, Jacques: Royalties: LDR Medical (E); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: LDR Medical (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: LDR Medical (Amount not disclosed). Beckett, Laurel A.: Nothing to Disclose. Bederman, Samuel: Nothing to Disclose. Beisse, Rudolf W.: MACS TLÒ and HydroliftÒ, Aesculap, Tuttlingen, Germany (E); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Aesculap (Amount not disclosed). Bell, Kevin: Nothing to Disclose. Bellabarba, Carlo: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Smith & Nephew (B), AOSpine (C); Fellowship Support: DePuy (E), AOSpine (E). Bellotte, J. Bradley: Consulting: DePuy Spine (B), Aesculap (None); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Aesculap (B); Other Office: Advanced Performance Technologies (None). Belmont, Philip J.: Nothing to Disclose. Ben-Galim, Peleg J.: Nothing to Disclose. Benny, Benoy V.: Nothing to Disclose. Bentley, John G.: Nothing to Disclose. Berbeo, Miguel: Nothing to Disclose. Berenson, James: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Berg, Svante: Nothing to Disclose. Beric, Aleksandar: Nothing to Disclose. Bersusky, Ernesto: Nothing to Disclose. Bertagnoli, Rudolf: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Bertollo, Nicky: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Berven, Sigurd: Royalties: Scient’x USA (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Osteotech (C), Medtronic, Inc. (C), DePuy Spine (B), US Spine (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Medtronic, Inc. (Speaking arrangements disclosed), US Spine (Speaking arrangements disclosed), Osteotech (Speaking

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

arrangements disclosed); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (E), DePuy Spine (E). Bess, R. Shay: Royalties: Pioneer (A); Consulting: NuVasive, Alphatec, Allosource, Novus Surgical (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy, Stryker (B); Research Support: Investigator Salary: DePuy (B). Betz, Randal R.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (C), Osteotech (C), Medtronic Sofamor Danek (B); Stock Ownership: Orthocon (500 shares), SpineMedica (25,000 shares); Consulting: DePuy Spine (C), Medtronic, Inc. (C), Osteotech (C), SpineGuard (B), Synthes (C), Orthovita (B), NuVasive (None), Omrix (B), SpineMedica (C), Orthocon (A); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (C), Osteotech (B); Scientific Advisory Board: DePuy Spine (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy Spine (B), Synthes Spine (B); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (E). Beutler, William J.: Royalties: Globus Medical (C); Consulting: Aesculap (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Globus Medical (B). Bhatia, Nitin N.: Royalties: Alphatec (B); Private Investments: DiFusion (5,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: SeaSpine (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (B), Biomet Spine (B); Scientific Advisory Board: DiFusion (Stock options); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Alphatec Spine (B); Grants: Spine Wave (C). Bible, Jesse E.: Nothing to Disclose. Bihari, Relka: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Bilsky, Mark H.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (None); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (E). Biro, Christopher: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Biscevic, Mirza: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Bishop, Paul B.: Nothing to Disclose. Biswas, Debdut: Nothing to Disclose. Biyani, Ashok: Royalties: Globus Medical (C); Consulting: DePuy Spine (B), Globus Medical (B). Bizhan, Aarabi: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Blaskiewicz, Donald J.: Nothing to Disclose. Blattert, Thomas R.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Block, Andrew R.: Nothing to Disclose. Blood, Emily A.: Nothing to Disclose. Blumenthal, Scott L.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (B); Stock Ownership: Spinal Motion (100,000 shares/!1%), Fziomed, Inc. (350,000/!1%), Centinel Spine (20,548/!1%), Impliant (184,156/!1%); Consulting: Orthofix (D), Fziomed, Inc. (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy (D); Scientific Advisory Board: Orthofix (D), Fziomed, Inc. (B). Boachie-Adjei, Oheneba: Royalties: DePuy Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: K2 M (B), Osteotech (B); Trips/ Travel: K2 M (A); Scientific Advisory Board: K2 M (Amount not disclosed). Bohlman, Henry H.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Boice, Braden: Nothing to Disclose. Bono, Christopher M.: Royalties: Life Spine (B); Consulting: DePuy Spine (B), Medtronic Sofamor Danek (B); Speaking and/ or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (C), Stryker Spine (B); Board of Directors: North American Spine Society (None); Other Office: Applied Spine (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Archus Orthopedics (B), Synthes Spine (D); Grants: Stryker Spine (D); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (E).

217S

Boonen, Steven: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (Logistical support); Scientific Advisory Board: Medtronic, Inc. (Publications); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (C). Boriani, Stephano: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Botolin, Sergiu: Nothing to Disclose. Bowe, Whitney P.: Nothing to Disclose. Boyd, Michael: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Bracken, Michael: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Bradford, David: Stock Ownership: Pioneer Surgical (125,000 shares/!1%); Private Investments: Axial Biotech (2000 shares/ !1%), Spinal Motion (125,000 shares/!1%), Spine Mark (16 shares/!1%), Ouroboros (54,347 shares/!1%), Relievant (73,000 shares/!5%), Bonovo Orthopedics (85,000 shares/ !1%), Surgitech (1,000 shares/!1%), KearnyVP (None), Nocimed (25%), Orthokinematics (10,000 shares), Providence (19,685 shares/!1%); Consulting: United Health Care (D), Kearny VP (E), Spinal Motion (B); Trips/travel: Spinal Motion (B); Scientific Advisory Boards: Spinal Motion (None), Pioneer Surgical (B), United Health Care (B), Spinemark (None). Branch, Charles L.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (G); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Trips/Travel: Degenerative Spine Study Group (B); Board of Directors: American Board of Neurological Surgery (B), Board of Regents of Pepperdine University (None), Board of the Childress Institute for Pediatric Trauma (None), Board of Directors of Eastern European Missions (None). Bransford, Richard J.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (B), AOSpine North America (C); Fellowship Support: DePuy (E), AO (E). Brasher, Aimee E.: Nothing to Disclose. Bratcher, Kelly: Nothing to Disclose. Bridwell, Keith: Consulting: Medtronic (B), Stryker (B), DePuy (B); Trips/travel: Medtronic (B), DePuy (B), Stryker (B); Grants: Medtronic (F). Briggs, Virginia G.: Nothing to Disclose. Brisby, Helena: Nothing to Disclose. Broadstone, Paul A.: Private Investments: Allez Spine (200 shares/ !1%); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (B). Buchowski, Jacob M.: Consulting: Stryker, Inc. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker, Inc. (C), Medtronic, Inc. (B). Bucklen, Brandon: Other Office: Globus Medical (Employee). Buckley, Jenni M.: Nothing to Disclose. Bui, Christopher N.: Nothing to Disclose. Burch, Shane: Nothing to Disclose. Burd, Timothy A.: Stock Ownership: Custom Spine, Inc. (1.3%); Grants: Medtronic (D). Burger, Evalina L.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: De Puy (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes (E); Grants: DePuy (B); Fellowship Support: DePuy, Pioneer (F), Showa-ika (E);. Burgos, Jesu´s: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Burks, Robert E.: Nothing to Disclose. Burneikiene, Sigita: Nothing to Disclose. Burton, Douglas C.: Consulting: DePuy Spine (C), Axial Biotech (B); Research Support: Investigator Salary: DePuy Spine (C). Busch, Eric: Nothing to Disclose. Buser, Zorica: Nothing to Disclose.

218S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Buttermann, Glenn R.: Stock Ownership: Dynamic Spine (15 shares); Scientific Advisory Board: Dynamic Spine (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Abbott Spine (B). Bydon, Ali: Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (E); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy Spine (E); Other: DePuy Spine (A). Bydon, Mohamad: Nothing to Disclose. C Cabalo, Adam: Nothing to Disclose. Cahill, Patrick J.: Consulting: Spine Vision, Inc. (B); Speaking and/ or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (C); Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (Travel reimbursement); Grants: DePuy Spine (B). Cammisa, Frank P.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Campbell, David R.: Stock Ownership: Cytonics, Inc. (200 shares). Campbell, Erin: Nothing to Disclose. Campbell, Mitchell J.: Royalties: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (H); Consulting: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (D); Trips/Travel: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (Degenerative Spine Study Group travel reimbursement); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (E), Norton Healthcare (F); Fellowship Support: Norton Healthcare (F). Canavati, Isa: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Cannon-Albright, Lisa: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Cao, Xing Bing: Nothing to Disclose. Carandang, Gerard C.: Nothing to Disclose. Carl, Allen L.: Royalties: K2 M (C); Stock Ownership: K2 M (100,000 shares/!1%), Intrinsic Theraputics (60,000 shares/ !1%), Replication Medical (20,000 shares/!1%), Facet Solutions (20,000 shares/!1%), K Spine (800,000 shares/5%), TranS1 (10,000 shares/1%); Scientific Advisory Board: K2 M (Stock ownership/Royalties disclosed), K spine (Stock ownership disclosed), Replication Medical (Stock ownership disclosed). Carragee, Eugene J.: Stock Ownership: Simpirica (Unknown), Bioassetts (Unknown), Cytonics (Unknown); Private Investments: Simpirca (Unknown); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (C), Synthes (A), Well-Point B/C B/S (A); Trips/Travel: US Army (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Intrinsic Orthopedics (None), Cytonics (None); Other Office: Bioassetts (None); Grants: AO Foundation (E); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (E). Carreon, Leah Y.: Trips/Travel: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (Spine Deformity Study Group, Degenerative Spine Study Group, Spine Trauma Study Group travel paid). Carretero, Maite: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Carrino, John: Research Support: Staff and/or Materials: Siemens Medical Systems (E); Grants: Siemens Medical Systems (E). Carson, Benjamin: Nothing to Disclose.

Castellvi, Antonio E.: Royalties: Scient’x (B); Consulting: Scient’x (F), Exactech (D), Applied Spine Technologies (Amount not disclosed), FlexusSpine (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Scient’x (C); Scientific Advisory Board: Archus (B, dissolved year unknown), Applied Spine Technologies (Amount not disclosed). Castillo, Sharmaine L.: Nothing to Disclose. Cen, Jiannong: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Cha, Thomas D.: Nothing to Disclose. Chan, Donald P.K.: Nothing to Disclose. Chang, Michael S.: Other: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Chang, Steven: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Chang, Tai-Li: Nothing to Disclose. Chao, Simon: Nothing to Disclose. Chapman, Jens R.: Consulting: Hans Joerg Wyss Foundation (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: AOSpine North America (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Synthes (Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: AOSpine Foundation (Amount not disclosed); Endowments: AO TK (B); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Alseres Pharmaceuticals (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Paradigm Spine (A); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Other: Johnson & Johnson (Amount not disclosed). Chaput, Christopher: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Chaudhari, Rahul D.: Nothing to Disclose. Chavanne, Albert: Nothing to Disclose. Chen, Liang: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Chen, Lina: Nothing to Disclose. Chen, Yung: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Cheng, Ivan: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (Amount not disclosed); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (D), Stryker Spine (D). Cheng, Joseph S.: Nothing to Disclose. Cheung, Kenneth: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Chikuda, Hirotaka: Nothing to Disclose. Chinander, Michael R.: Nothing to Disclose. Ching, Randal P.: Grants: Disc Dynamics Corp. (E). Cho, Kyu Jung: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Cho, Samuel Kang-Wook: Nothing to Disclose. Cho, Sung-Youn: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Cho, Woojin: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Cho, Yun-Woo: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Choi, Gun: Nothing to Disclose. Choi, Jin Wook: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Choi, Seok Kwang: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Choi, Seung Hong: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Choi, Won-il: Disclosure not available at time of publication.

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Choma, Theodore J.: Stock Ownership: Gentis, Inc. (20,000 shares/0.05%); Scientific Advisory Board: Gentis, Inc. (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker Spine (C); Grants: DePuy Spine (D). Choy, Edwin: Nothing to Disclose. Chu, Mon-Li: Nothing to Disclose. Chun, Hyoung-Joon: Nothing to Disclose. Chung, Sylvia A.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ciceri, David: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Clabeaux, Deborah H.: Nothing to Disclose. Clarke, Jessica L.: Nothing to Disclose. Clarkson, Paul W.: Nothing to Disclose. Cle´ment, Jean-Luc: Royalties: Medicrea International (B); Consulting: Medicrea International (C); Trips/Travel: Medicrea International (Travel reimbursement); Scientific Advisory Board: Medicrea International (Amount not disclosed). Clements, David H.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (B); Consulting: DePuy Spine (None); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (C). Clifford, Kirk: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Clovis, Nina B.: Nothing to Disclose. Coe, Jeffrey D.: Stock Ownership: Allez Spine, LLC (1 share/ !1%), Implantium, LLC (3 shares/3%); Consulting: NuVasive (B), Synthes Spine (B), TranS1 (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: NuVasive (Consulting disclosed), TranS1 (Consulting disclosed), Synthes Spine (Consulting disclosed); Board of Directors: Implantium, LLC (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (B). Coelho, J. Paulo: Nothing to Disclose. Cohen, Alexa: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Cohen, Dan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Cohen, David B.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (E). Cohen, Sara: Nothing to Disclose. Comey, Christopher: Royalties: Spinewave, Inc (None); Stock Ownership: Spinewave, Inc. (50,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Spinewave, Inc. (Amount not disclosed), Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed, dissolved 2009).. Cook, Chad E.: Nothing to Disclose. Cooper, Patrick B.: Nothing to Disclose. Copay, Anne G.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic (A). Corenman, Donald S.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (A). Coric, Domagoj: Royalties: Spinewave (D), Pioneer Surgical (D); Stock Ownership: Spinewave (Amount not disclosed), Pioneer Surgical (Amount not disclosed); Consulting: DePuy (B), Spinewave (D), Pioneer Surgical (D). Coronado, Rogelio A.: Nothing to Disclose. Coughlin, Dezba: Nothing to Disclose. Coutinho, Etevaldo: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Cox, Curtis S.: Consulting: Pioneer (C); Trips/travel: Exactech (C), NuVasive (B). Coyte, Peter C.: Nothing to Disclose. Crandall, Dennis G.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Stock Ownership: Medtronic, Inc. (442 shares); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (D); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (D).

219S

Crawford III, Charles H.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Crawford, Neil R.: Stock Ownership: Spartek (10,000 shares); Consulting: Lanx (B), Synthes (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Spartek (Stock options); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Lanx (C), Synthes (C), Medtronic, Inc. (C), NuVasive (B), Cogent Spine (A), Spartek (B), SDRI (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Lanx (D), Cogent Spine (B), Synthes (E), NuVasive (C), Medtronic, Inc. (D), Spartek (B), SDRI (C); Fellowship Support: Synthes (D). Crerand, Canice E.: Nothing to Disclose. Cronen, Geoffrey A.: Nothing to Disclose. Cuddihy, Laury A.: Nothing to Disclose. Cuellar, Jason M.: Stock Ownership: Cytonics (490,000 shares/ 10%); Scientific Advisory Board: Cytonics (Stock options); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Cytonics (None). Cummings, Steven R.: Consulting: Kyphon (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Other: Kyphon (B). Cunningham, Bryan W.: Stock Ownership: Cervitech, Inc. (75 shares/0.75%); Consulting: Kuros Biosurgery AG (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Abbott Spine (F), DePuy Spine (F), Stryker Biotech (F), Kuros Biosurgery AG (F), Cerapedics, Inc. (F), Intrinsic Therapeutics, Inc. (F), NuVasive, Inc. (F), Flexuspine, Inc. (F), Pioneer Surgical Technology, Inc. (F), Globus Medical (F); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Abbott Spine (F), Flexuspine, Inc. (F), NuVasive, Inc. (F), Pioneer Surgical Technology, Inc. (F), Globus Medical (F), Intrinsic Therapeutics, Inc. (F), Cerapedics, Inc. (F), Kuros Biosurgery AG (F), Stryker Biotech (F), DePuy Spine (F); Grants: Pioneer Surgical (E); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Abbott Spine (F), Flexuspine, Inc. (F), NuVasive, Inc. (F), Pioneer Surgical Technology, Inc. (F), Globus Medical (F), Intrinsic Therapeutics, Inc. (F), Cerapedics, Inc. (F), Kuros Biosurgery AG (F), Stryker Biotech (F), DePuy Spine (F). Cunningham, Catherine M.: Nothing to Disclose. Cunningham, Matthew E.: Other: International Spine Study Group (B), Conplex Spine Study Group (B). Curcin, Aleksandar: Stock Ownership: CrossCurrent Inc (1,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medical Educational Resources (B); Board of Directors: DOCS IPA (Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: CrossCurrent, Inc. (Stock ownership disclosed). Currey, Jovauna: Nothing to Disclose. Currier, Bradford L.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (F), Stryker Spine (B); Consulting: DePuy Spine (B); Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (A); Grants: DePuy Spine (C), Stryker Spine (C), Medtronic, Inc. (C), Synthes Spine (C); Fellowship Support: AOSpine North America (E).

D Daffner, Scott D.: Nothing to Disclose. Dagenais, Simon: Consulting: Palladian Health (D); Scientific Advisory Board: Palladian Health (B). Dahl, Michael C.: Other Office: Disc Dynamics (Employee). Dai, Joseph M.: Nothing to Disclose. Dailey, Andrew T.: Stock Ownership: Amedica (2,000 shares/ !1%); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Biomet (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker (C).

220S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Darden, II, Bruce V.: Royalties: Stryker (D); Stock Ownership: Synthes (40 shares), Orthovita (1,000 shares); Consulting: Stryker (None), Synthes (C); Board of Directors: Cervical Spine Research Society (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Stryker Biologic (None); Fellowship Support: AOSpine (E). Datoo, Ghazala A.: Nothing to Disclose. Daubs, Michael D.: Consulting: Synthes Spine (E); Grants: Stryker Spine (E). Davis, Alan R.: Nothing to Disclose. Davis, Matthew L.: Nothing to Disclose. Davis, Reginald: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Davis, Timothy T.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Saint Jude (C). de Blas, Gema: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Dean, Laura E.: Nothing to Disclose. Debre, Mursel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Defino, Helton L.A.: Nothing to Disclose. deFriesse, Frederick: Nothing to Disclose. Dekutoski, Mark B.: Royalties: Mayo Medical Ventures/ Medtronic, Inc. (B); Consulting: Mayo Medical Ventures/ Medtronic, Inc. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Mayo Medical Ventures/Medtronic, Inc. (B); Fellowship Support: AO Foundation (B). Delamarter, Rick B.: Royalties: Zimmer (F), Stryker (G), Synthes (F); Consulting: Synthes (D); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (E); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Synthes (E); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (E). Delecrin, Joel: Royalties: LDR Medical (B); Trips/Travel: LDR Medical (B). Demir-Deviren, Sibel: Nothing to Disclose. DePalma, Michael J.: Stock Ownership: AOI Medical (4,000 shares); Consulting: AOI Medical (None), Kyphon/Medtronic, Inc. (B), Stryker Interventional Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Lilly (None), St. Jude Medical/ANS (None); Trips/Travel: Kyphon/Medtronic, Inc. (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Kyphon/Medtronic, Inc. (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker Biotech (B); Grants: Genzyme Biosurgery (B); Fellowship Support: St. Jude Medical/ANS (C). Derby, Richard: Stock Ownership: Kyphon (1,000 shares/!1%); Scientific Advisory Board: Kyphon (Amount not disclosed). Deviren, Vedat: Consulting: NuVasive (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker (Amount not disclosed). DeWeese, Theodore L.: Nothing to Disclose. Dhawan, Mallika S.: Nothing to Disclose. Diab, Mohammad: Disclosure not available at time of publication. DiAngelo, Denis J.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes Spine (F); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (E). Diaz, Roberto: Nothing to Disclose. Dimar, John R.: Royalties: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (H); Consulting: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (F); Trips/Travel:

Medtronic Sofamor Danek (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (E), Norton Healthcare (F); Fellowship Support: Norton Healthcare (F). Dimitriadis, Anastasios T.: Nothing to Disclose. Ding, Jie: Nothing to Disclose. Dinh, Dzung: Disclosure not available at time of publication. DiPaola, Christian P.: Nothing to Disclose. Dirisio, Darryl J.: Stock Ownership: Veritas Spine (4,000 shares/ 20%); Board of Directors: Veritas Spine (None); Other Office: Medical Advisory Board (Amount not disclosed). Diwan, Ashish: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Djurasovic, Mladen: Consulting: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (E); Trips/Travel: Degenerative Spine Study Group (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (E), Norton Healthcare (F); Fellowship Support: Norton Healthcare (F). Dmitriev, Anton E.: Nothing to Disclose. Dohring, Edward J.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (None), Stryker Spine (None); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (C), Medtronic, Inc. (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (B). Domb, Benjamin G.: Consulting: Arthrex, Inc. (C); Speaking and/ or teaching arrangements: Arthrex, Inc., Smith and Nephew (None); Trips/Travel: Arthrex, Inc. (B). Domenech, Pedro: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Dominguez, David: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Don, Angus S.: Nothing to Disclose. Donaldson, William F.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker (E). Donelson, Ronald: Nothing to Disclose. Dorsher, Peter T.: Nothing to Disclose. Dousset, Vincent: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Dreingel, Niv: Nothing to Disclose. Dreisinger, Thomas E.: Nothing to Disclose. Dryer, Joseph: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Dryer, Randall F.: Royalties: NuVasive (A); Stock Ownership: Facet Solutions (2,000 shares); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Facet Solutions (Stock ownership disclosed). Duan, Zhenfeng: Nothing to Disclose. Dube, Michael: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Dubey, Sarita: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Duczakowski, Christina: Nothing to Disclose. Duffy, Michael F.: Nothing to Disclose. Dufour, Thierry F.: Royalties: LDR Medical (C); Trips/Travel: Synthes (B). Duggal, Neil: Nothing to Disclose. Durandeau, Elise: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Dvorak, Marcel F.S.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (D); Stock Ownership: Medtronic, Inc. (10 shares); Consulting: Medtronic,

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Inc. (F); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (D), DePuy Spine (G), Rick Hansen Foundation (H); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (E), Synthes (E), DePuy (E). Dwyer, James: Disclosure not available at time of publication. E Eastell, Richard: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Medtronic, Inc. (B). Ebraheim, Nabil A.: Nothing to Disclose. Eckel, Tobin T.: Nothing to Disclose. Eickman, John: Nothing to Disclose. Elgafy, Hossein: Nothing to Disclose. Ellingson, Arin M.: Nothing to Disclose. Elliott, Dawn: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Elsabee, Kyle: Nothing to Disclose. Emery, Sanford E.: Board of Directors: Cervical Spine Research Society (None), American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy (E); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (D). Enercan, Meric: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ero, Sunday: Consulting: DePuy (D), NuVasive (None); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy (B); Research Support: Investigator Salary: DePuy (D). Eskander, Mark S.: Nothing to Disclose. Eskay-Auerbach, Marjorie: Consulting: Stryker Spine (B), DePuy Spine (D). Eskinja, N.: Nothing to Disclose. Etropolski, Mila S.: Stock Ownership: Johnson & Johnson (50 shares); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Johnson & Johnson (Employee); Trips/Travel: Johnson & Johnson (Employee); Other Office: Johnson & Johnson (Employee). Eubanks, Jason D.: Nothing to Disclose. Eustacchio, Sandro: Nothing to Disclose. Evans, Avery: Disclosure not available at time of publication. F Faciszewski, Tom: Trips/Travel: MedCAC (None). Faizan, Ahmad: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Fantry, Amanda: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Farcy, Jean-Pierre: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: MSD (Amount not disclosed), Stryker (Amount not disclosed). Farhang, Suzanne: Nothing to Disclose. Farin, Azadeh: Nothing to Disclose. Farnsworth, Christine L.: Nothing to Disclose. Fasen, Jo M.: Nothing to Disclose. Fayyazi, Amir H.: Consulting: Life Spine (B), Synthes (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Applied Spine (B). Fechner, John H.: Nothing to Disclose. Fehlings, Michael G.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (F); Consulting: DePuy Spine (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Alseres Pharmaceuticals (None); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (E). Feldman, David: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Feldman, Lacey: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Fenton, Douglas: Nothing to Disclose. Fernyhough, Jeffrey: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Fielding, Louie: Other Office: Simpirica Spine (Employee). Finkenberg, John G.: Royalties: Biomet Spine (E); Stock Ownership: K2 M Spine (10,000 shares/!1%); Consulting:

221S

Biomet Spine (E); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Biomet Spine (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Biomet Spine (Travel reimbursement), K2 M (Travel reimbursement); Board of Directors: Satori World Medical (Amount not disclosed, shares/travel expenses). Fish, David E.: Consulting: Allergan (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Sanofi-Aventis (Amount not disclosed); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (C); Fellowship Support: Boston Scientific (C). Fisher, Charles G.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (D); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc., DePuy, AO (Amounts not disclosed); Trips/ Travel: Medtronic, Inc., AO, DePuy (Travel reimbursement); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc., DePuy (E); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc., Synthes (F). Fleming, Jennifer: Nothing to Disclose. Flynn, John M.: Consulting: Biomet Spine (B), DePuy Spine (None). Fogarty, Madilyne E.: Consulting: Raymedica LLC (B), Paradigm Spine (D), BrainLAB (B). Foley, Kevin: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Fourney V, Daryl: Consulting: Vertos, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Fox, Richard: Disclosure not available at time of publication. France, John C.: Nothing to Disclose. Frank, Lawrence W.: Nothing to Disclose. Frankel, Bruce: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Franklin, Patricia D.: Nothing to Disclose. Fredrickson, Bruce E.: Stock Ownership: Pioneer Surgical (53,000 shares), Alpha-Med Surge (130 shares), Bonovo (43,000 shares), Crosstrees (146,000 shares), Revision Optics (75,000 shares). Freeborn, Mark A.: Nothing to Disclose. Freedman, Brett A.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (B). Freeman, Andrew L.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: MTF/Spineology (D), Medtronic, Inc. (D). Frey, George: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (I), Alphatec (D); Private Investments: Paradigm Spine (1,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: DePuy Spine (D), Medtronic, Inc. (F). Frey, Michael E.: Consulting: Boston Scientific (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Boston Scientific (B). Friedman, Mark: Consulting: Zimmer, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Frisch, Harold M.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Smith and Nephew (A). Fritz, Anto: Nothing to Disclose. Fry, Robert F.: Nothing to Disclose. Fu, Kai-Ming G.: Nothing to Disclose. Fuller, Jonathan E.: Private Investments: Custom Spine (40 shares/ 1.5%); Trips/Travel: K2 M (A); Grants: Medtronic (D). Furey, Christopher G.: Nothing to Disclose. Furlan, Julio C.: Nothing to Disclose. G Gahr, Ralf H.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (Travel reimbursement).

222S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Gambassi, Melanie A.: Nothing to Disclose. Ganea, Doina: Nothing to Disclose. Gannon, Francis H.: Nothing to Disclose. Garces-Ambrossi, Giannina: Nothing to Disclose. Garcia, Rolando: Private Investments: Electrocore (1,000 shares/ 1%); Consulting: Aesculap Implant Systems (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Aesculap, Stryker (Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Scientix (Amount not disclosed). Garcia, Ryan M.: Nothing to Disclose. Gardner, Vance O.: Stock Ownership: CardioVasclar BioTherapeutics (100,000 shares/67%); Consulting: CardioVascular BioTherapeutics (F); Scientific Advisory Board: CardioVascular BioTherapteutics (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: CardioVascular Biotherapeutics (D). Garfin, Steven R.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (E); Stock Ownership: Archus Orthopaedics (60,000 shares, dissolved 2005), Biomerix (Amount not disclosed), Cross Tree (Amount not disclosed), Cytonics Corporation (Amount not disclosed), Interventional Spine (20,000 shares), Kyphon (Amount not disclosed, dissolved 2007), Pioneer Surgical (Amount not disclosed), Spinal Kinetics (10,000 shares), SpineMark (15,000 shares), Spine Medica (25,000 shares), SurgiFile (50,000 shares); Consulting: Applied Spine Technology (B), Biomerix (None), Calcitec, Inc. (None, dissolved 2007), Cytonics Corporation (None), Disc Dynamics (C), Exactech (None, dissolved), Interventional Spine (None), Kyphon (None), Magnifi Group (C), NuVasive (A), Orthovita (None), Pioneer Surgical (Amount not disclosed), Spinal Kinetics (None), Spine Mark (None), Spine Medica (None); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Blackstone International (None), DePuy (None), EBI (None), Kyphon (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Applied Spine Technology (B), Biomerix (None), Calcitec, Inc. (None), Disc Dynamics (C), Kyphon (None, dissolved 2007), NuVasive (None), Spinal Kinetics (None), Spine Medica (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Kyphon (None), DePuy, Inc. (Amount not disclosed), Synthes (Amount not disclosed), EBI (Amount not disclosed), Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed), NuVasive (Amount not disclosed); Grants: Kyphon (Amount not disclosed); Fellowship Support: Synthes Spine (Amount not disclosed), DePuy (Amount not disclosed), Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed), EBI (Amount not disclosed), Abbott (Amount not disclosed). Garvey, Timothy A.: Royalties: MSD (D); Consulting: MSD (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (B); Fellowship Support: Synthes, Stryker, Abbot, MSD (E). Gatchel, Robert J.: Royalties: Guilford Press (B), APA Press (B); Consulting: PRIDE, Dallas (D), Palladian Health Care (B), Medical Technologies (D); Scientific Advisory Board: Palladian

Health Care (B); Endowments: Nancy P. & John G. Penson Endowed Professorship (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Investigator Salary: NIH (E); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: NIH (G), DOD (D). Gaughen, John R.: Nothing to Disclose. Gause, Paul: Nothing to Disclose. Geisler, Fred H.: Royalties: Aesculap (D), DePuy Spine (B), Rhausler, Inc. (B); Stock Ownership: Disc Motion (110,660 shares/!1%), Impliant (134,145 shares/!1%), Surgitech (2.5%); Private Investments: Spinal Integration (None); Consulting: Spinal Restoration (A), Abbott/Zimmer Spine (C), DePuy Spine (None); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Aesculap (B); Scientific Advisory Board: K2 M (B), Disc Motion (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Spinal Motion (Amount not disclosed), Cervitech (Amount not disclosed), Impliant (Amount not disclosed). Gelb, Daniel E.: Royalties: Globus Medical (B); Private Investments: ASIP (Amount not disclosed); Consulting: Synthes Spine (C), Alphatec Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: AOSpine North America (C); Trips/ Travel: Synthes Spine (Amount not disclosed); Fellowship Support: Synthes Spine (E). Georgy, Bassem: Stock Ownership: Osseon LLC (30,000 shares/ !1%), Spine Works (25,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Arthrocare (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (Amount not disclosed); Trips/ Travel: Arthrocare (Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Osseon LLC, Spine Work LLC (Stock ownership disclosed). Geraci, Michael: Nothing to Disclose. Gerber, Edward J.: Trips/travel: TranS1 (B), Exactech (B). Geula, Danielle: Nothing to Disclose. Ghanayem, Alexander J.: Board of Directors: Cervical Spine Research Society (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes Spine (F), Simprica (E); Grants: Department of Veterans Affairs (F). Ghofrani, Hossein: Nothing to Disclose. Gibbons, Laura E.: Nothing to Disclose. Gibula, Douglas: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Gille, Olivier: Nothing to Disclose. Girardi, Federico P.: Royalties: NuVasive, OrthoDevelopment, DePuy (Amount not disclosed); Stock Ownership: NuVasive (!1%); Private Investments: Surgical Pioneer (!1%); Consulting: Osteotech, Paradigm Spine, Sentinel (Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Scient’x (Amount not disclosed). Glaser, John A.: Fellowship Support: Synthes Spine (E). Glassman, Steven D.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (H); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (F), DePuy (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (Travel reimbursement); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (E), Norton Healthcare (F); Grants:

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Norton Healthcare Community Trust Fund (F); Fellowship Support: Norton Healthcare (F). Glennon, Joseph: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Goel, Vijay K.: Royalties: Turning Point, LLC (B); Stock Ownership: DMT, Inc. (50,000 shares/5%); Consulting: DePuy (Amount not disclosed); Board of Directors: DMT, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Turning Point, LLC (Amount not disclosed); Grants: DePuy (E). Gogia, Jaspaul S.: Nothing to Disclose. Gokaslan, Zia L.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker (B). Goldstein, Jeffrey A.: Private Investments: K2 M (200,000 shares/ !5%), Spine Solutions III (50,000 shares/!5%), Physician Fellowship Partners (50,000 shares/!5%); Consulting: Synthes Spine (F), Medtronic, Inc. (E), K2 M (A); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes Spine (Consulting disclosed); Trips/Travel: Synthes Spine (Travel reimbursement); Scientific Advisory Board: Pearl Diver (None); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (E), Synthes Spine (E). Goldstein, Yael: Nothing to Disclose. Golish, S. Raymond: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Goodrich, Allan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Gorensek, Miro: Nothing to Disclose. Gounis, Matthew: Consulting: Soteira, Innerpulse, Codman (C); Grants: NIBIB, NINDS, Codman, Philips, Covidien, Neurovasx, RapidMedical, Micrus, eV3, Geurbet, Soteira (G). Goytan, Michael J.: Nothing to Disclose. Graeb, Douglas A.: Nothing to Disclose. Grande, Daniel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Grauer, Jonathan N.: Consulting: Stryker (C), DePuy (None), Smith and Nephew (None); Grants: Regeneration Technologies (E). Graver, Ryan M.: Other Office: Zimmer, Inc. (Employee). Graves, Amanda J.: Nothing to Disclose. Gray, Matthew J.: Nothing to Disclose. Gray, Randolph: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Greenleaf, Robert M.: Nothing to Disclose. Groff, Michael W.: Royalties: Johnson & Johnson (F); Consulting: EBI Spine (None); Grants: Johnson & Johnson (C); Fellowship Support: EBI Spine (E). Grottkau, Brian E.: Nothing to Disclose. Gruber, Helen E.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: North American Spine Society (D). Guillaume, Tenner J.: Nothing to Disclose. Guillory, Steve A.: Nothing to Disclose. Gupta, Giri: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Gupta, Munish C.: Royalties: DePuy (F); Consulting: DePuy (E); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy (Consulting disclosed), Stryker (B); Trips/Travel: DePuy (Consulting disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: DePuy (Consulting disclosed); Fellowship Support: DePuy (E). Gupta, Purnendu: Consulting: DePuy Spine (B). Gupta, Ranjan: Trips/Travel: AO Foundation (B); Research Support: Investigator Salary: NIH/NINDS (F); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: NIH/NINDS (F); Grants: NIH/ NINDS (F). Gurr, Kevin R.: Nothing to Disclose. Guyer, Richard D.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (B); Consulting: DePuy Spine (B); Scientific Advisory Board: K2 M (B); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (D).

223S

H Hagar, Yolanda C.: Nothing to Disclose. Hagen, Michael: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hale, Matt: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hales, Chris: Board of Directors: Midwest Spine Foundation (A). Halpern, Elise M.: Nothing to Disclose. Hamasaki, Takahiko: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hamill, Chris: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hamilton, D. Kojo: Nothing to Disclose. Hammer, Alan J.: Nothing to Disclose. Hammer, Kathleen: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hammerberg, Kim W.: Consulting: DePuy Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B). Hammerstingl, Renate: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hamzaoglu, Azmi: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hanley, Jr., Edward N.: Stock Ownership: Medtronic (800 shares/ !1%); Board of Directors: Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (C); Other Office: American Orthopaedic Association (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: NASS (D); Fellowship Support: Synthes (E). Hansen, Melissa M.: Nothing to Disclose. Hansen, Steve: Nothing to Disclose. Hanson, Jeramie: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Haoshi, Jane: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hardacker, James W: Consulting: Company not disclosed (B); Board of Directors: The Spine Institute Foundation (None); Relationships Outside the One Year Requirement: Medtronic (NASS Annual Meeting, 2007, E). Hardacker, Thomas: Nothing to Disclose. Harms, Ju¨rgen: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Harris, Colin B.: Nothing to Disclose. Harris, Mitchel B.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: AOSpine (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/ or materials: Synthes Spine (E); Fellowship Support: Synthes Spine (E). Harrop, James S.: Stock Ownership: Axiomed (None); Consulting: DePuy Spine (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Axiomed (Medical Advisory Board), Geron (Amount not disclosed), DePuy (Amount not disclosed). Hart, Robert A.: Royalties: DePuy (B), SeaSpine (B)Consulting: DePuy (B), Medtronic, Inc. (B), Baxano (A); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: AO (Amount not disclosed), DePuy (Amount not disclosed), Kyphon (Amount not disclosed), Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy (Amount not disclosed); Fellowship Support: DePuy (Amount not disclosed). Hartjen, Charles A.: Stock Ownership: Facet Solutions, Inc. (25,000 shares); Consulting: Facet Solutions, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Facet Solutions, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Facet Solutions, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Facet Solutions, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Hasan, Hani: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hashidate, Hiroyuki: Nothing to Disclose. Ha¨ufel, Thomas: Other: Gru¨nenthal (Employee). Hauger, Olivier: Disclosure not available at time of publication.

224S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Haughton, Victor: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Havey, Robert M.: Nothing to Disclose. He, Tong-Chuan: Nothing to Disclose. He, Xi-shun: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hedden, Douglas: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Heggeness, Michael H.: Royalties: Relievant Medsystems (C); Stock Ownership: Relievant Medsystems (45,000 shares/!4%); Consulting: Relievant Medsystems (D); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Department of Defense (E); Grants: Department of Defense (I). Helgeson, Melvin D.: Nothing to Disclose. Heller, John G.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Stock Ownership: Medtronic, Inc. (1,500 shares/!1%); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (E), Abbott Spine (C); Fellowship Support: AO North America Foundation (E), Abbott Spine (E). Heller, Joshua E.: Nothing to Disclose. Herkowitz, Harry N.: Nothing to Disclose. Herring, Stanley A.: Scientific Advisory Board: United Health Care Spine Scientific Advisory Board (B). Herzog, Richard J.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (D). Hevia, Eduardo: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hicks, John M.: Trips/Travel: Kyphon (A). Hierholzer, Johannes: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Highsmith, Jason M.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Globus Medical (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Globus Medical (B). Hilibrand, AlanS.: Royalties: Biomet (F), Aesculap (A), Zimmer (B); Private Investments: Amedica (20,000 shares/!1%), Nexgen (10,000 shares/!1%), Vertiflex (5,000 shares/!1%), Benvenue Medical (10,000 shares/!1%), Pioneer Surgical (25,000 shares/!1%), Lifespine (20,000 shares/!1%), Paradigm Spine (10,000 shares/!1%), PSD (10,000 shares/ !1%), Syndicom (20,000 shares/!1%); Scientific Advisory Board: Amedica (Private investments disclosed). Hill, Ronald S.: Other: Pioneer Surgical Technology (Employee). Hipp, John A.: Stock Ownership: Medical Metrics, Inc. (593,445 shares/7%), BFBR, Inc. (264,000 shares/18.5%); Board of Directors: BFBR, Inc. (None); Other Office: Medical Metrics, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Grants: DARPA (None). Hirabayashi, Hiroki: Nothing to Disclose. Hitzl, Wolfgang: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hoffman, Gregory A.: Royalties: LDR Spine (C); Stock Ownership: LDR Spine (50,000 shares); Consulting: LDR Spine (Royalties disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: LDR Spine (C); Trips/Travel: LDR Spine (Speaking and/or teaching arrangements disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: LDR Spine (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: LDR Spine (D). Hoffman, Rachel A.: Research Support: Investigator Salary: LDR Spine (B). Hohl, Justin: Disclosure not available at time of publication.

Holmes, Laura: Nothing to Disclose. Hong, Eui Pyo: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hong, Hyun Jong: Nothing to Disclose. Hong, Soon-Woo: Nothing to Disclose. Hong, Young-Ki: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hornicek, Francis J.: Consulting: Stryker Corporation (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Corporation (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Stryker Corporation (Travel reimbursement); Fellowship Support: Stryker, Zimmer (E). Horton, William: Nothing to Disclose. Hostin, Richard: Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (B). Hosun, Hwang: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Howard, Andrew W.: Nothing to Disclose. Howard, Jennifer M.: Nothing to Disclose. Hsieh, Adam: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes USA (E). Hsu, Wellington: Consulting: Synthes (A). Hu, Nianbin: Nothing to Disclose. Hu, Serena S.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hu, Wenyang: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Huang, Ai-bing: Nothing to Disclose. Huang, Russel C.: Other: NuVasive, Inc. (B). Huddleston, Paul M.: Consulting: Synthes (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes (None). Hudson, William R.S.: Nothing to Disclose. Huelman, Justin H.: Other: St. Jude Medical (C), American Medical Systems (B). Hummel, Arno: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hundt, Hans: Nothing to Disclose. Hunt, Devyani M.: Nothing to Disclose. Hunt, Leonel A.: Nothing to Disclose. Hunter, David J.: Royalties: DonJoy (B); Consulting: NicOx (B); Board of Directors: OARSI (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Smith and Nephew (None); Grants: NIH, AF, ACR (F). Huntsman, Kade: Royalties: NuVasive (F); Consulting: NuVasive (D); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: NuVasive (B). Hurlbert, R. John: Consulting: Zimmer Spine (B). Hurwitz, Eric: Consulting: American Specialty Health (B). Hussein, Mohamad: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hutton, William C.: Nothing to Disclose. Hwang, Changmo: Nothing to Disclose. Hwang, Sejin: Nothing to Disclose. Hwang, Sun-wook: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Hyde, Jonathan A.: Royalties: NuVasive (D); Stock Ownership: NuVasive (3,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: NuVasive (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: NuVasive (Consulting disclosed); Trips/Travel: NuVasive (Travel reimbursement); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: NuVasive (B).

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

I Ialenti, Marc N.: Nothing to Disclose. Ianuzzi, Allyson: Consulting: Exponent (Employee); Other Office: Exponent, Inc. (Employee). Iezza, Alex P.: Nothing to Disclose. Im, Hee-Jeong: Nothing to Disclose. Imrie, Meghan N.: Nothing to Disclose. Ingalhalikar, Aditya: Other Office: Globus Medical, Inc. (Employee). Irwin, Robert W.: Nothing to Disclose. Isaacs, Robert E.: Stock Ownership: VilaSpine Limited (1,000 shares); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (D). Isaza, Jorge E.: Nothing to Disclose. Ishihara, Yohei: Nothing to Disclose.

J Jackson, Roger P.: Royalties: Mizuho/OSI (E); Board of Directors: Midwest Spine Foundation (None). Jallo, George: Consulting: Johnson & Johnson (B); Grants: Codman (B), Medtronic (B). Jallo, Jack: Consulting: Covidien (B). James, Stuart H.: Nothing to Disclose. Jang, Sung-Ho: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Janssen, Michael E.: Consulting: Synthes Spine (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes Spine (C); Trips/Travel: Synthes Spine (B); Grants: Synthes Spine (F); Fellowship Support: AOSpine North America (E). Jarvers, Jan-Sven: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Jarzem, Peter: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Jasinski, Gayle: Nothing to Disclose. Jawahar, Ajay: Nothing to Disclose. Jenis, Louis G.: Consulting: Stryker (B), Stryker Biotech (B), Apatech (B), BioSet (B), Arteriocyte (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Apatech (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker Biotech (D). Jeon, Chang-hoon: Nothing to Disclose. Jernigan, Sarah: Nothing to Disclose. Jhaveri, Subir N.: Nothing to Disclose. Ji, Cheng: Nothing to Disclose. Jimbo, Shizuo: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Johnson, Blake A.: Nothing to Disclose. Johnson, J. Patrick: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Johnson, John R.: Royalties: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (H); Consulting: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (D); Fellowship Support: Norton Healthcare (F); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (E), Norton Healthcare (F). Jones, Jackson: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Jones, Thomas R.: Nothing to Disclose. Jonsson, Bo: Nothing to Disclose. Joshi, Ashish: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Josten, Christoph: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ju, Brian: Nothing to Disclose. Jung, Jae Hoon: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Jung, Se Jin: Nothing to Disclose. Jurgensmeier, Darin: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Jwa, CheolSu: Nothing to Disclose.

225S

K Kaiser, Michael G.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Globus Medical, Inc. (B); Trips/Travel: Globus Medical, Inc. (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Globus Medical, Inc. (B); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (D). Kale, Shashank: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kamerlink, Jonathan R.: Nothing to Disclose. Kane, Justin M.: Nothing to Disclose. Kang, Bong Su: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kang, James D.: Grants: Pittsburgh Foundation (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Johnson & Johnson (D), Advanced Technology in Regenerative Medicine (E). Kang, Seok Bong: Nothing to Disclose. Kang, Seok: Nothing to Disclose. Kang, Suk Hyung: Nothing to Disclose. Kanim, L.E.A.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kanzaki, Koji: Nothing to Disclose. Kaplan, Mark: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kaprio, Jaakko: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kara, Firas M.: Nothing to Disclose. Karadereliler, Selhan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Karaikovic, Eldin E.: Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy (Trips/travel disclosed); Grants: DePuy Spine (C). Karatoprak, Omer: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Karikari, Isaac O.: Nothing to Disclose. Kato, Hiroyuki: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Katscher, Sebastian: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Katz, Jeffrey: Nothing to Disclose. Katz, Tal: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kauffman, Christopher P.: Stock Ownership: Nashville IntraOperative Monitoring (5%); Consulting: Lifespine (A). Kaufman, Marla: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kean, Kathryn: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kean, Kristin E.: Nothing to Disclose. Kebaish, Khaled M.: Consulting: K2 M (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (B), DePuy Spine (B); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (E). Kelley-Spearing, Sarah: Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (A). Kelly, Brian P.: Nothing to Disclose. Kennedy, David J.: Nothing to Disclose. Kepler, Christopher K.: Nothing to Disclose. Ketchum, Jessica M.: Nothing to Disclose. Keynan, Ory: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Khajavi, Kaveh: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: NuVasive (B); Trips/travel: NuVasive (A). Khalil, Saif: Nothing to Disclose. Khoo, Larry: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kiapour, Ali: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kiehm, Kelly J.: Nothing to Disclose. Kikkawa, Jun: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kim, Choll: Royalties: Hydrocision (Amount not disclosed); Stock Ownership: Spinal Elements (10,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Board of Directors: SMISS (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Spineworks (Amount not disclosed).

226S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Kim, David H.: Stock Ownership: Axial Biotech (150,000 shares/ 1%); Consulting: Axial Biotech (E), Pioneer (B), DePuy (B), Medtronic, Inc. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy (B), Medtronic (B), Stryker (B); Trips/travel: Stryker (B), Medtronic, Inc. (B); Scientific Advisory Board: New England Baptist Hospital (None); Research Support: Staff and/ or materials: New England Baptist Hospital (D); Grants: New England Baptist Hospital (D). Kim, Dong Hee: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kim, Han Jo: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Hyunchul: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Jaehon M.: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Jae-Sung: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Janice: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kim, Jin-Sung: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Jinwhan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kim, Joo Han: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Keun Su: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Ki-Tack: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kim, Kyeong Hwan: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Paul D.: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Peter: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kim, Sang Wun: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kim, Su-Jeong: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kim, Terrence T.: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Yongjung: Nothing to Disclose. Kim, Youngbae B.: Nothing to Disclose. Kingwell, Stephen P.: Nothing to Disclose. Kirsch, Thorsten: Nothing to Disclose. Kish, Vincent L.: Nothing to Disclose. Klineberg, Eric O.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (B); Trips/Travel: Stryker (Travel reimbursement); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes (Instruments); Fellowship Support: DePuy (E). Knapp, Dennis Raymond: Royalties: Biomet (C). Knechtle, Stuart J.: Nothing to Disclose. Knight, Reginald Q.: Royalties: Stryker (C); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (D), Stryker (D). Knox, Jeffrey B.: Nothing to Disclose. Ko, Jung Min: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ko, Kwang-Pil: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ko, Phebe: Nothing to Disclose. Koch, Kathleen M.: Nothing to Disclose. Kong, Min Ho: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kopjar, Branko: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Korge, Andreas: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (B); Trips/Travel: Synthes (B); Other Office: Synthes (B). Korkmaz, Mehmet Fatih: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Koski, Tyler: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (Consulting disclosed); Trips/travels: Medtronic, Inc. (Consulting disclosed); Board of

Directors: One Spine Society (A); Research Support: Staff and/ or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (Unknwon); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (Unknown); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (Unknown). Kouchouk, Amr: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kovalsky, Donald: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kowalczyk, Izabela: Nothing to Disclose. Kozanek, Michal: Nothing to Disclose. Kreder, Hans J.: Nothing to Disclose. Kropf, Michael: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kuelling, Fabrice: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kuper, Mark: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Kurd, Mark F.: Nothing to Disclose. Kurtz, Steven: Other Office: Exponent (Employee). Kwon, Austin H.: Nothing to Disclose. Kwon, Brian: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (D). L Labelle, Hubert: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Labiak, John: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lafage, Virginie C.: Stock Ownership: Nemaris LLC (30 shares/ 37.5%); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: MSD (Travel reimbursement), ISSG (Travel reimbursement), Broadwater (Travel reimbursement); Board of Directors: Nemaris LLC (None). Lai, Sue Min: Nothing to Disclose. Lane, Pam F.: Grants: Abbott Spine (E), DePuy Spine (E), Synthes Spine (E), Medtronic, Inc. Neurological (D). Lange, Bernd: Other Office: Gruenenthal (Employee). Lange, Claudia: Other Office: Grunenthal (Employee). Lange, Jeffrey: Nothing to Disclose. Lange, Jo¨rn: Nothing to Disclose. Lanman, Todd H.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Lanning, Kara K.: Nothing to Disclose. Larson, Michael J.: Nothing to Disclose. Lau, Edmund: Consulting: Exponent (Employee). Lautenschlager, Eugene: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lawendy, Abdel-Rahman: Nothing to Disclose. Lawrence, James P.: Stock Ownership: Gentis Corporation (10,000 shares); Consulting: Gentis Corporation (B). Lazard, ZaWaunyka: Nothing to Disclose. Ledet, EricH.: Consulting: CardioMEMS (A), Praxis Technologies (A); Grants: Stryker Orthopaedics (C), DePuy Spine (C). Ledic, Darko: Nothing to Disclose. Ledonio, Charles Gerald T.: Research Support: Investigator Salary: Medtronic, Inc. (C); Grants: Department of Defense (C). Lee, Casey K.: Stock Ownership: Nexgen Spine, Inc (200,000 shares/5%), Pioneer Spine (60,000 shares); Board of Directors: Nexgen Spine (Board of Directors).

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Lee, Deborah S.: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Dong Yeob: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Dongkeun: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Ho-Yeon: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Jeong-Eun: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Joon Y.: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Joseph K.: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, June-Kyu: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lee, Jung-hee: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Kenneth: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Kil Yong: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Michael J.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy Spine (C); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine, Synthes Spine (Amount not disclosed). Lee, Sang-Heon: Grants: Korea Research Foundation and Korea University Industry & Academy Collaboration Foundation (F). Lee, Sang-Ho: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Sang-Hun: Nothing to Disclose. Lee, Stanley: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lee, Thay: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lee, Yu-Po: Consulting: Stryker (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (C), NuVasive (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (E), DePuy (E), Biomet (E), Synthes (E). Lehman, Jr., Ronald A.: Nothing to Disclose. Lenehan, Brian J.: Nothing to Disclose. Lenke, Lawrence G.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (I), Quality Medical Publishing (B); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (F), DePuy Spine (C), Axial Biotech (E), Washington University Endowed Professorship (D); Board of Directors: Scoliosis Research Society (None). Leslie, Harvey: Nothing to Disclose. Lewis, Stephen: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Li, Gang: Nothing to Disclose. Li, Guoan: Nothing to Disclose. Li, Hongbo: Nothing to Disclose. Li, Ling: Nothing to Disclose. Li, Wei-guo: Nothing to Disclose. Li, Weishi: Nothing to Disclose. Li, Wenjun: Nothing to Disclose. Li, Zhenjiang: Nothing to Disclose. Liebenberg, Ellen: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lieberman, Jeremy: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lin, James M.: Nothing to Disclose. Lindley, Emily M.: Research Support: Investigator Salary: Synthes (D). Lindsey, Derek P.: Nothing to Disclose. Line, Breton G.: Nothing to Disclose. Ling, Geoffrey S.F.: Nothing to Disclose. Linley, Sarah E.: Nothing to Disclose. Liu, Gabriel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Liu, Jane: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Liu, Jiayong: Nothing to Disclose. Liu, John C.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Fellowship Support: DePuy (D), Medtronic, Inc. (D). Liu, Wei Chiang: Nothing to Disclose. Liu, Xiaochen: Nothing to Disclose.

227S

Liu, Xue-Cheng: Nothing to Disclose. Liu, Zhongjun: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lloyd, William H.: Other Office: Pioneer Surgical Technology (Employee). Loftus, Christopher: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lombardi, David A.: Nothing to Disclose. Longley, Michael C.: Grants: Medtronic (D). Lonner, Baron S.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (D); Stock Ownership: K2 M (57,252 shares), OBG 11 LLC (2 shares), Paradigm Spine (9,272 shares); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (C), Stryker Spine (F); Trips/Travel: DePuy (B); Scientific Advisory Board: DePuy Spine (None). Lonstein, John E.: Royalties: Biomet Spine (E); Consulting: Biomet Spine (B), Axial Biotec (None); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Biomet Spine (B); Trips/Travel: Biomet Spine (B). Lorenz, Mark A.: Royalties: Blackstone (E); Consulting: Blackstone (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Orthofix (Amount not disclosed). Losina, Elena: Nothing to Disclose. Lotuaco, Rachel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lotz, Jeffrey C.: Stock Ownership: Spinal Restoration, Inc. (10,000 shares/1%), Relievant (60,000 shares/3%); Consulting: Spinal Restoration, Inc. (Stock ownership disclosed), Relievant (Stock ownership disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Spinal Restoration, Inc. (Stock ownership disclosed), Relievant (Stock ownership disclosed), ISTO Technologies (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Spinal Restoration (E), Relievant (E), ISTO Technologies (F); Grants: Spinal Restoration (E), Relievant (E), ISTO Technologies (F). Luc, Ste´phane: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Luckett, Michael: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ludwig, Steven C.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (E), Globus Medical (B); Stock Ownership: Globus Medical (230,000 shares/!1%); Private Investments: Advanced Spinal Intellectual Properties (29.41%); Consulting: DePuy Spine (F); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: AOSpine (C); Board of Directors: Advanced Spinal Intellectual Properties, LLC (F); Scientific Advisory Board: Globus Medical (B); Fellowship Support: Synthes Spine (E). Luhmann, Scott J.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (Amount not disclosed). Lynch, James: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Lyons, Russel: Disclosure not available at time of publication.

M Mack, Andrew: Disclosure not available at time of publication. MacLennan, Benjamin D.: Nothing to Disclose. Maeda, Takeshi: Nothing to Disclose. Mahar, Andrew: Royalties: Alphatec Spine (Amount not disclosed); Stock Ownership: Alphatec Spine (5,000 shares/ !1%); Trips/Travel: Alphatec Spine (Travel reimbursement); Other Office: Alphatec Spine (Employee); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Alphatec Spine (B); Grants: Alphatec Spine (C). Mahomed, Nizar: Consulting: Smith and Nephew (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Biomet (Travel reimbursement); Fellowship Support: Smith and Nephew (E).

228S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Majd, Mohammad E.: Stock Ownership: Alphatec Spine (6,000 shares); Consulting: Stryker (B), Kyphon (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy, Kyphon, Scient’x (Travel reimbursement). Malcolm, James: Royalties: Globus (F); Stock ownership: Stryker (1,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Kyphon, NuVasive, Stryker, Globus (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: AOSpine (A), Kyphon/Medtronic (D), NuVasive (C); Scientific Advisory Board: Globus (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Kyphon/NuVasive (Amount not disclose). Malone, Kyle: Trips/Travel: NuVasive, Inc. (B). Mankin, Henry: Nothing to Disclose. Manoj, Kodigudla: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Manos, Richard: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Mansfield, Frederick L.: Stock Ownership: Zimmer (107 shares/ !1%), Stryker (100 shares/!1%), Medtronic, Inc. (900 shares/ !1%), 3M (950 shares/!1%), Johnson & Johnson (1,050 shares/!1%), Integra Life Sciences (50 shares/!1%), Pfizer (1,000 shares/!1%), Abbot Laboratories (600 shares/!1%), Amgen (400 shares/!1%); Trips/Travel: Synthes Spine (A), Globus Medical (A). Manson, Neil A.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (Travel reimbursement); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (E). Marchetti, Jason: Consulting: Pfizer (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Pfizer (Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Texas Neurofibromatosis Foundation (Amount not disclosed). Marcus, Michael B.: Nothing to Disclose. Markova, Dessislava: Nothing to Disclose. Marks, Michelle C.: Nothing to Disclose. Martell, John M.: Royalties: Stryker (A), Smith & Nephew (C), Zimmer (B); Consulting: Stryker (A). Martha, Julia F.: Nothing to Disclose. Martin, Shannon B.: Nothing to Disclose. Marzluff, Joseph M.: Consulting: Globus Medical (B); Trips/ Travel: Globus Medical (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Globus Medical (None). Mason, Alexander M.: Nothing to Disclose. Massicotte, Eric: Nothing to Disclose. Master, Daniel L.: Nothing to Disclose. Mathis, Kenneth: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Maxwell, James: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Maxwell, Matthew D.: Nothing to Disclose. Mayer, Kano: Nothing to Disclose. Mayer, John M.: Stock Ownership: BackStrong International (10 shares/10%); Consulting: Palladian Muscular Skeletal Health (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Palladian Muscular Skeletal Health (Consulting disclosed); Research Support: Investigator

Salary: Johnson & Johnson (E); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Johnson & Johnson (E). Mayer, Michael H.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Mayer, Tom G.: Nothing to Disclose. Mayr, Matthew T.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (B). McAfee, Paul C.: Royalties: Globus Medical (F); Stock Ownership: Breakaway Imaging- Medtronic, Inc. (1,000,000 shares/5%); Private Investments: Globus Medical (1,000,000 shares/5%), Cervitech, Inc. (500 shares/5%); Consulting: Abbott Pharmaceutical (F); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Pioneer Surgical (F); Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (G); Board of Directors: Disc Motion Technology (F); Scientific Advisory Board: SpineMedica (D); Other Office: Bonovo (F); Endowments: Impliant (E); Fellowship Support: Globus Medical (E); Other: Too Numerous to Add (Amount not disclosed; Indeterminate at the present time as private held companies have difficult valuations). McClellan III, John W.: Board of Directors: Custom Spine (Board member, 2% ownership); Grants: Medtronic (D); Scientific Advisory Board: SpineMedica (Board member). McClellan, Robert: Disclosure not available at time of publication. McConnell, Jeffrey R.: Royalties: Globus Medical, Inc. (C); Stock Ownership: Orthovita (1,000 shares/!1%), Globus Medical, Inc. (45,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Globus Medical, Inc. (C), Synthes Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Orthovita, Inc. (C), AOSpine North America (B); Trips/Travel: Orthovita, Inc. (B); Grants: Orthovita, Inc. (C). McGarr, Gregory W.: Nothing to Disclose. McGarry, William: Disclosure not available at time of publication. McGinnis, Mark D.: Nothing to Disclose. McGirt, Matthew J.: Consulting: Intrinsic Therapeutics (C). McGuire, Kevin: Disclosure not available at time of publication. McIntosh, Braden W.: Nothing to Disclose. McIsaac, Warren J.: Nothing to Disclose. McKeon, Melissa D.: Nothing to Disclose. McLaughlin, Thomas: Disclosure not available at time of publication. McManus, Anne C.: Board of Directors: Midwest Spine Foundation (A). Mehbod, Amir A.: Stock Ownership: Stryker (1,000 shares/!1%), Medtronic, Inc. (1,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Stryker (E); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed), Synthes (Amount not disclosed). Mehren, Christoph: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (B). Mehta, Ankit I.: Nothing to Disclose. Mehta, Hitesh P.: Nothing to Disclose. Mehta, Vivek: Nothing to Disclose.

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Meissl, Michael: Nothing to Disclose. Melloh, Markus: Nothing to Disclose. Menzin, Joseph: Consulting: Zimmer, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Merger, Alban: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Merk, Harry: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Messerschmitt, Patrick J.: Nothing to Disclose. Mick, Charles A.: Nothing to Disclose. Milby, Andrew H.: Nothing to Disclose. Miller, Christopher P.: Nothing to Disclose. Mitchell, Charis J.: Nothing to Disclose. Mitchell, William: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B); Trips/Travel: North American Spine Society (B); Board of Directors: North American Spine Society (A); Other: Fellowship Spine Surgery Center (3 shares/2%), Cooper CyberKnife Center (1 shares/1%/B). Miz, George S.: Royalties: K2 M (C); Stock Ownership: K2 M (25,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: K2 M (B), Stryker Spine (C); Trips/Travel: Stryker Spine (B); Scientific Advisory Board: K2 M (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker Spine (C). Moguilevitch, Marina: Nothing to Disclose. Mohamed, Ahmed: Nothing to Disclose. Mok, James M.: Nothing to Disclose. Mokhtar, Sabarul A.: Nothing to Disclose. Moldavsky, Mark: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Molloy, Tim J.: Nothing to Disclose. Montes, Elena: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Mooney, Vert: Nothing to Disclose. Moore, Jill: Nothing to Disclose. Moquin, Ross R.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (E). Morreale, Joseph: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Morrow, Brian R.: Nothing to Disclose. Moumene, Missoum: Other Office: DePuy Spine (Employee). Mroz, Thomas E.: Stock Ownership: PearlDiver, Inc (10,000 shares). Muehlbauer, Eric J.: Consulting: International Spinal Injection Society (B); Trips/Travel: International Spinal Injection Society (B); Other: North American Spine Society Exhibitors (I), Abbott Spine (E), Alphatec Spine, Inc. (E), DePuy Spine (F), Globus Medical, Inc. (E), Medtronic, Inc. Spinal and Biologics (F), NuVasive, Inc. (F), Orthofix, Inc. (E), Osteotech, Inc. (E), Stryker (F), Synthes Spine (E), Zimmer Spine (F), K2 M (D), Alphatec Spine (C), DePuy Spine (D). Muftuler, Lutfi T.: Nothing to Disclose. Mugavin, Mark O.: Nothing to Disclose. Mukherjee, Nilay: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Mulconrey, Daniel S.: Nothing to Disclose. Mulkerin, William: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Mundis, Gregory M.: Nothing to Disclose. Murphy, Jennifer: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Murphy, Jennifer: Nothing to Disclose. Murphy, Sharif: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Murrell, George A.: Nothing to Disclose. Murrey, Daniel B.: Royalties: Stryker (E); Stock Ownership: US Spine (4,000 shares/!1%), Pioneer (18,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Stryker (Amount not disclosed), Synthes (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes

229S

(Amout not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Synthes (Travel reimbursement); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Synthes (A); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes (C). Muzumdar, Aditya M.: Other Office: Globus Medical, Inc. (Employee). N Nakamura, Kozo: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Nassr, Ahmad: Nothing to Disclose. Nelson, Ewell L.: Stock Ownership: Lanx (1,500,000 shares); Private Investments: Pronerve (Unknown); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Medtronic, Inc. (Consulting disclosed); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (None). Neubauer, Philip: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Newton, Peter O.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (F); Consulting: DePuy Spine (E); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (C); Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (B); Board of Directors: POSNA (None); Scientific Advisory Board: DePuy Spine (B); Other Office: SRS (Board of Directors); Grants: DePuy Spine (G); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (E). Nguyen, Jean-Michel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Nguyen, Quynh: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Nguyen, Thuc-Quyen: Nothing to Disclose. Niedernhofer, Laura J.: Nothing to Disclose. Noger, Markus: Nothing to Disclose. Noggle, Joseph C.: Nothing to Disclose. Nolden, Mark T.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (A). Noonan, Vanessa K.: Nothing to Disclose. Noordeen, Hilali H.: Nothing to Disclose. Norman, Timothy L.: Nothing to Disclose. Norton, H. James: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: North American Spine Society (D). Noshchenko, Andriy: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Nottmeier, Eric W.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. Navigation (!A), Globus (B), BrainLAB (B). Nuckley, David J.: Grants (Disc Dynamics Corp. (E). Nunley, Pierce D.: Royalties: BioMet (B), Osprey Biomedical (B), LDR Spine (B); Stock Ownership: Amedica (50,000 shares/ !1%), K2 M (80,000 shares/!1%), Paradigm Spine (18,728 shares/!1%), Spineology (62,500 shares/!1%); Speaking and/ or teaching arrangements: K2 M (C), NuVasive (C); Scientific Advisory Board: K2 M (B/Options), SpineMark (Options), Spinal Motion (Options), Vertebral Technologies (None). Nunn, Thomas N.: Nothing to Disclose. O Obeid, Ibrahim: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (A). O’Brien, David R.: Nothing to Disclose. O’Brien, Joseph R.: Stock Ownership: Doctors Research Group (4,500 shares/1%); Consulting: DePuy (B), Stryker (D); Trips/ Travel: DePuy (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Doctors Research Group (Stock ownership disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Vertiflex (C), Bioset (C); Grants: Stryker (C), DePuy (C). O’Brien, Michael: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ochiai, Junichi: Nothing to Disclose.

230S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

O’Connor, J. Patrick: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Oda, Hiromi: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ogihara, Nobuhide: Nothing to Disclose. Ogon, Michael: Nothing to Disclose. Ohnmeiss, Donna D.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: TranS1 (B); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (E), Zimmer Spine (E), Synthes Spine (E), Medtronic, Inc. Neurological (D); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: TranS1 (B). Okamoto, Akiko: Stock Ownership: Johnson & Johnson (600 shares). O’Keefe, Lauren M.: Nothing to Disclose. Okonkwo, David O.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (A), Synthes (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (B), Medtronic, Inc. (A), DePuy (B). Olaverri, Juan C.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Oliveira, Leonardo: Nothing to Disclose. Oliver, Rema: Nothing to Disclose. Olmsted-Davis, Elizabeth A.: Nothing to Disclose. Ondra, Stephen: Disclosure not available at time of publication. O’Neill, Conor: Stock Ownership: Relievant (50,000 shares/ !1%), Nocimed (63,229 shares/!1%); Private Investments: Nocicmed (63,229 shares/!1%); Consulting: SpineView (B), ISTO (D), Alleeva (B); Scientific Advisory Boards: Relievant (Stock ownership disclosed). Ong, Kevin L.: Other Office: Exponent, Inc. (Employee). Orchowski, Joseph R.: Nothing to Disclose. Ordway, Nathaniel R.: Grants: Synthes Spine (B), Pioneer Surgical Technology (C), Crosstrees Medical (C), Amedica (B). Ornek, Ibrahim: Disclosure not available at time of publication. O’Shaughnessy, Brian: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic (Amount not disclosed). Oshita, Yusuke: Nothing to Disclose. Ouellet, Jean A.: Fellowship Support: AOSpine North America (E). Owens, Brett D.: Nothing to Disclose. Ozturk, Cagatay: Nothing to Disclose.

P Pacifici, Maurizio: Nothing to Disclose. Paeng, Sung Suk: Nothing to Disclose. Palmer, Bradley A.: Nothing to Disclose. Palmer, Jeremiah E.: Nothing to Disclose. Paquette, Justin D.: Royalties: Alphatec (None), Globus Medical (None); Consulting: Alphatec (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker (B), Alphatec (B), TranS1 (A). Paquette, Scott J.: Nothing to Disclose. Parent, Stephan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Parikh, Anand: Other Office: Simpirica Spine (Employee). Park, Chun-Kun: Nothing to Disclose. Park, Do-Young: Disclosure not available at time of publication.

Park, Hea-Woon: Grant: Korean Government (amount not disclosed). Park, Hyeon Seon: Nothing to Disclose. Park, Hyung-Soon: Nothing to Disclose. Park, Seung-Rim: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Park, Sun-Young: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Park, Youn-Kwan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Park, Yung: Nothing to Disclose. Parker, Scott L.: Nothing to Disclose. Passias, Peter G.: Nothing to Disclose. Patel, Alpesh A.: Royalties: Amedica (A); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (B), Amedica (B). Patel, Amar: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Patel, Ashish: Nothing to Disclose. Patel, Nayan R.: Nothing to Disclose. Patel, Niraj: Nothing to Disclose. Patel, Tushar C.: Royalties: DePuy (F), Stryker (E); Consulting: Stryker (E); Scientific Advisory Board: Apatech (B). Patel, Vikas V.: Stock Ownership: Medtronic, Inc. (100 shares/ !1%); Private Investments: Cerapedics (2 shares/!1%); Consulting: Cerapedics (A), Aesculap (B), Biomet (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (B), Baxter Healthcare (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes (E); Grants: Synthes (D); Fellowship Support: Pioneer Surgical (E), DePuy Spine (E), Synthes (E). Patwardhan, Avinash G.: Nothing to Disclose. Peltier, Carrie E.: Nothing to Disclose. Pennant, William A.: Nothing to Disclose. Peppelman Jr., Walter: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Perkins, Philip: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Perra, Joseph H.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (45,000 shares, exact number forthcoming); Consulting: Abbott Spine (B), Medtronic, Inc. (D); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (Amount not disclosed), Bethesda Spine Course (A); Trips/Travel: Biomet Spine (Travel reimbursement); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc., DePuy (Exact amount forthcoming); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc., Synthes (Exact amount forthcoming); Other: Abbott NW hospital (Amount not disclosed). Persaud, Oma: Nothing to Disclose. Petcharaporn, Maty: Nothing to Disclose. Peter, Inga: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Peters, Chari L.: Grants: Medtronic (D). Petersohn, Jeffrey D.: Consulting: Baylis Medical Corp. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Baylis Medical Corp. (C), Kimberly Clark Medical (C). Peterson, Mark: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Petrella, Anthony J.: Nothing to Disclose. Pettine, Kenneth A.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Stock Ownership: Paradigm Spine (F); Consulting: Paradigm Spine (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

teaching arrangements: Spinal Motion (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Spinal Motion (Travel reimbursement); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Paradigm Spine, Spinal Motion, Medtronic, Inc., NuVasive (Amount not disclosed). Pfeffer, Andrew N.: Nothing to Disclose. Pflugmacher, Robert: Nothing to Disclose. Pham, Thu N.: Nothing to Disclose. Phillips, Frank M.: Grants: Medtronic (D). Pichelmann, Mark A.: Nothing to Disclose. Pimenta, Luiz: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Piza, Gabriel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Plastaras, Christopher T.: Other: RICPLAS (Amount not disclosed). Poelstra, Kornelis A.: Consulting: DePuy Spine (D); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (B); Trips/Travel: Integra Spine (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker Spine (D). Pointillart, Vincent: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (C); Consulting: Stryker (A); Trips/Travel: Scient’x (C). Polikandriotis, John A.: Nothing to Disclose. Polly, Jr., David W.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Spine Universe (B); Trips/ Travel: Academy for Healthcare Education (B); Board of Directors: Scoliosis Research Society (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Medtronic, Inc. (Consulting disclosed); Other Office: AAOS (Board of Directors); Grants: Department of Defense (F). Ponnappan, Ravi K.: Nothing to Disclose. Powell, David J.: Nothing to Disclose. Powers, Ciaran J.: Nothing to Disclose. Pradhan, Ben B.: Private Investments: Paradigm Spine (1 share/ 1%); Consulting: Globus Medical (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: LANX (B); Trips/Travel: Zimmer Spine (B), Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Globus (B); Other: NuVasive (B). Prather, Heidi: Other Office: AAPM&R (Senior Editor of PM&R). Press, Joel M.: Consulting: Consultant- Spine Advisory Board (None); Scientific Advisory Board: United Health Care (Consulting disclosed). Pryor, Philip: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (C). Przybylski, Gregory J.: Stock Ownership: United Healthcare (300 shares); Private Investments: South Jersey CK Leasing (1 share/ 1%); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy-Spine (B), North American Spine Society Coding Courses (B), Eli Research (B); Trips/Travel: Practicing Physicians Advisory Council to CMS (A), Relative-value Update Committee of AMA (B); Board of Directors: North American Spine Society (Travel reimbursement), Warren Township Board of Education (President); Scientific Advisory Board: United Health Group (B), Humana (C), DePuy-Spine (B); Other Office: Eli Research Advisory Editor (B), Council of State Neurosurgical Societies (B), AANS-CNS (Chair, Coding and Reimbursement Committee). Pull ter Gunne, Albert: Grants: Prof. Michael van Vloten Foundation (C); Fellowship Support: Synthes (A). Puno, Rolando M.: Royalties: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (H); Trips/Travel: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (Travel expenses); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (E), Norton Healthcare (F); Fellowship Support: Norton Healthcare (F).

231S

Putney, Emily H.: Nothing to Disclose. Puttlitz, Christian M.: Nothing to Disclose. Puzas, J.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Q Qian, Bang-ping: Nothing to Disclose. Qiu, Yong: Nothing to Disclose. Queler, Evan D.: Nothing to Disclose. Quirno, Martin: Nothing to Disclose. Qureshi, Sheeraz A.: Nothing to Disclose. R Rabin, Doron: Nothing to Disclose. Radcliff, Kristen E.: Nothing to Disclose. Rahm, Mark: Stock ownership: Johnson & Johnson (750 shares); Consulting: K2 M (B); Trips/travel: Kyphon (A), K2 M (A); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy Spine (D), Stryker (B), Spine Vision (B), Cervitech, Inc. (C). Rainville, James: Nothing to Disclose. Raiszadeh, Kamshad: Royalties: Medtronic (A); Stock ownership: NuVasive (10,000 shares/!1%). Ramirez, Felipe: Nothing to Disclose. Ramirez-Mora, Isabel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Rampersaud, Y. Raja: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (D); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (C). Ramsey, Daniel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ranstam, Jonas P.: Other: Medtronic, Inc. (None). Rao, RajD.: Board of Directors: North American Spine Society (A); Scientific Advisory Board: US Food and Drug Administration Scientific Advisory Panel on Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Devices (B); Other Office: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Diversity Advisory Board (None). Rapeau, Susan J.: Stock Ownership: Medtronic, Inc. (1,000 shares/ !1%); Other Office: Medtronic, Inc. (Employee). Rasouli, Alexandre: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ratliff, John K.: Royalties: Biomet Spine (D); Consulting: Stryker Spine (D). Rauschkolb, Christine: Stock Ownership: Johnson & Johnson (Employee). Raverty, Megan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Rawlins, Bernard: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Razzano, Pasquale: Nothing to Disclose. Rechtine, Glenn R.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Endo Pharmaceuticals (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Endo Pharmaceuticals (C). Reddi, Vasantha: Nothing to Disclose. Reed, Michael L.: Stock Ownership: Surgical Outcome Support, Inc. (3,100,000 shares/23%); Board of Directors: Surgical Outcome Support, Inc. (None); Other Office: Surgical Outcome Support, Inc. (D). Regev, Gilad J.: Nothing to Disclose. Regidor, Ignacio: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Reichmann, William M.: Nothing to Disclose. Reiter, Mitchell F.: Nothing to Disclose. Reitman, Charles A.: Nothing to Disclose. Renaldo, Nicholas: Nothing to Disclose. Renaud, Christian: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Renner, Susan M.: Nothing to Disclose. Resnick, Daniel K.: Nothing to Disclose.

232S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Reuben, Jeffery M.: Royalties: Globus (F); Stock Ownership: Globus (300,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Globus (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Globus (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Globus (Travel reimbursement); Scientific Advisory Board: Globus (Amount not disclosed). Revella, Janet: Nothing to Disclose. Reyes Sanchez, Alejandro: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Reyes, Phillip M.: Nothing to Disclose. Rhee, John M.: Royalties: Biomet Spine (D); Private Investments: Allez Spine (1 share/!1%); Consulting: Synthes Spine (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B). Richards, B. Stephens: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Richardson, William: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Rieger, Mark: Nothing to Disclose. Rieger, Peter S.: Nothing to Disclose. Riew, K. Daniel: Royalties: Biomet (F), Osprey (B), Medtronic, Inc. (B); Stock Ownership: Osprey (10 shares), Expanding Orthopedics (10,000 shares), Spineology (!1%), Spine Medica (!1%), Spinal Kinetics (!1%), Nexgen Spine (!1%), Amedica (!1%), Vertiflex (!1%), Benvenue (!1%), Paradigm Spine (!1%), PSD (!1%); Consulting: SpineMedica (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (C); Scientific Advisory Board: Spinemedica (Stock ownership disclosed); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (E). Rihn, Jeffrey A.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes (B); Trips/Travel: Stryker (B), DePuy (A); Fellowship Support: DePuy (B). Riina, Joseph: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: NuVasive (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Biomet (Amount not disclosed); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (E). Riley III, Lee H.: Stock Ownership: Spinal Kinetics (1,000 shares); Consulting: Stryker (B), DePuy Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: AOSNA (B); Board of Directors: Lifenet Health (A); Scientific Advisory Board: Spinal Kinetics (None); Grants: DePuy Spine (E); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (F). Riquelme, Oscar: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Rittenberg, Joshua D.: Nothing to Disclose. Robbins, Stephen E.: Stock Ownership: Pioneer Surgical Technology (10,000 shares); Consulting: Pioneer Surgical Technology (Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Impliant Ltd (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Synthes Spine (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Impliant LTD (B). Roberto, Rolando F.: Consulting: Synthes Spine (B). Robertson, Claire J.: Nothing to Disclose. Robinson, Andria: Nothing to Disclose.

Robinson, James: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Rodgers, W.B.: Royalties: NuVasive (F); Stock Ownership: NuVasive (850 shares/!1%), Alphatec (34,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: NuVasive (E), Exactech (C), TranS1 (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: NuVasive (E), TranS1 (C), Exactech (C); Trips/travel: NuVasive (D), TranS1 (B), Exactech (C); Scientific Advisory Board: NuVasive (E), Exactech (C), TranS1 (C); Research Support: Investigator Salary: NuVasive (E), Exactech (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: NuVasive (E), Exactech (C). Rodriguez, John: Nothing to Disclose. Rodway, Ian P.: Nothing to Disclose. Roh, Jeffrey S.: Royalties: Stryker Spine (None); Stock Ownership: PearlDiver (25,000 shares/1%); Consulting: Stryker Spine (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (Consulting disclosed), Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Stryker Spine (Travel reimbursement); Board of Directors: Orthopedics International (None); Other Office: Evergreen Hospital Medical Center (A). Roh, Ki-Bong: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Roh, Michael S.: Nothing to Disclose. Roman, Matthew: Nothing to Disclose. Rosales-Olivarez, Luis Miguel: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Rose, Peter S.: Nothing to Disclose. Ross, David R.: Nothing to Disclose. Ross, Hillary M.: Nothing to Disclose. Rothman, David: Nothing to Disclose. Rouben, David P.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. Corporation (F); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Medtronic, Inc. Corporation (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. Corporation (Research Support: Investigator Salary disclosed). Ruberte, Lissette M.: Nothing to Disclose. Ruchala, Monika: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Russo, Anthony: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Ryschon, Kay L.: Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (D). S Sachs, Barton L.: Stock Ownership: Spinal Motion (7,000 shares), AxioMed (2,500 shares), Archus (10,000 shares), BioSurface (5,000 shares); Consulting: BioSurface (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes Spine (C), Globus (B), Archus (B); Trips/Travel: Archus (A); Scientific Advisory Board: BioSurface (Scientific Advisory Board member), United Healthcare (None), PTV Sciences (None), AxioMed (None). Sairyo, Koichi: Nothing to Disclose. Saito, Hajime: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sakai, Daisuke: Nothing to Disclose. Sakai, Toshinori: Nothing to Disclose. Salari, Pooria: Nothing to Disclose.

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Salem, Ahmed: Nothing to Disclose. Sama, Andrew A.: Royalties: Ortho Development Corporation (Amount not disclosed), Lifespine (Amount not disclosed), DePuy (Amount not disclosed); Stock Ownership: Paradigm Spine (25,000 shares/!1%); Private Investments: Small Bone Innovations (37,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Orthodevelopment (C), Osteotech (None), Hydrosicion (None), Lifespine (B), DePuy (B); Other: Mesoblast (None). Samdani, Amer F.: Consulting: Synthes (B), SpineVision (B), DePuy (C); Fellowship Support: DePuy (E), Synthes (E). Samuels, Roger W.: Nothing to Disclose. Sa´nchez-Bringas, Guadalupe: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sanders, David W.: Nothing to Disclose. Sanders, Glenn P.: Nothing to Disclose. Sanders, James: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Trips/travels: Medtronic, Inc. (Consulting disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (Unknown). Sandhu, Harvinder: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sanpera, Ignasi: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sansur, Charles A.: Nothing to Disclose. Santos, Edward Rainier G.: Research Support: Investigator Salary: Medtronic, Inc. (None). Saravanja, Davor: Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (D). Sarier, Mercan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sarwahi, Vishal: Nothing to Disclose. Sasso, Rick: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Savage, Jason W.: Nothing to Disclose. Scheer, Justin K.: Nothing to Disclose. Schellhas, Kurt P.: Nothing to Disclose. Schenk, Stefan: Nothing to Disclose. Scher, Danielle L.: Nothing to Disclose. Schnaser, Erik: Nothing to Disclose. Schoenfeld, Andrew J.: Nothing to Disclose. Schofferman, Jerome: Board of Directors: American Academy of Pain Medicine (None); Fellowship Support: Medtronic Sofamor Danek (F), NuVasive (D). Schuler, Thomas C.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Schwab, Frank J.: Stock Ownership: Nemaris, LLC (37 shares); Consulting: MSD (F); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (D); Trips/Travel: MSD (C); Board of Directors: Nemaris, LLC (Stock ownership disclosed); Other Office: President (Stock ownership disclosed); Research Support: Investigator Salary: MSD (E); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: MSD (F); Grants: SRS (D). Schwaegler, Paul E.: Nothing to Disclose. Schwartz, Carolyn E.: Nothing to Disclose. Schwender, James: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sciubba, Daniel M.: Nothing to Disclose. Scuderi, Gaetano J.: Stock Ownership: Cytonics Corp (4,000,000 shares/60%); Private Investments: K2 Medical (50,000 shares/ !1%); Board of Directors: Cytonics (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Cytonics (None); Other Office: Chairman (None). Sears, William R.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (E); Fellowship Support: Medtronic, Inc. (D).

233S

Seebach, Caryn: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Seichi, Atsushi: Nothing to Disclose. Seiff, Michael: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Seim III, Howard B.: Research Support: Investigator Salary: Colorado State University (B). Sekhon, Lali: Stock Ownership: Allez Spine (1 share); Private Investments: Kinetic Spine Technologies (5,000 shares/32%); Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (C), NuVasive (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (C), NuVasive (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (C), NuVasive (C), Allez Spine (B); Board of Directors: Kinetic Spine Technologies (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Allez Spine (B). Sembrano, Jonathan N.: Trips/travel: NuVasive (A), Synthes (A), Medtronic (A), Biomet (A); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Medtronic (Unknown). Seo, Jeong-Min: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Seong, Nak Jong: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Serhan, Hassan A.: Other: DePuy Spine (Employee). Shabe, Peter: Consulting: Kyphon Corporation (Amount not disclosed); Trips/Travel: Kyphon Corporation (Travel expenses). Shaffrey, Christopher I.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (F); Trips/ Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (Royalties disclosed); Grants: Department of Defense (F); Fellowship Support: AO (E). Shaffrey, Mark: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Shah, Suken A.: Consulting: DePuy Spine (D); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy Spine (D), Axial Biotech (B). Shapiro, Douglas Y.: Stock Ownership: Johnson & Johnson (Amount not disclosed); Other: Johnson & Johnson PRD (Employee). Sharan, Alok D.: Consulting: CardioMems (A). Sharma, Amit K.: Nothing to Disclose. Sharma, Omprakash: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Shelokov, Alexis P.: Consulting: DePuy Spine (B), Osteotech (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B); Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (B), K2 M, Inc. (A); Scientific Advisory Board: Osteotech, Inc. (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy Spine (D). Shen, Francis H.: Royalties: Globus Medical (None), Elsevier Publishing (B); Consulting: Synthes Spine (C), DePuy Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B); Board of Directors: Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Kuros Biomedical (B); Research Support: Investigator Salary: OREF (E); Fellowship Support: AO (D). Sheridan, Kent: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sherman, John E.: Stock Ownership: Anulex (100,000 shares/ .1%), Disc Dynamics (100,000 shares/.25%); Consulting: Disc Dynamics (E), Anulex (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Disc Dynamics (Consulting disclosed); Board of Directors: Anulex (Stock ownership disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Disc Dynamics (Stock ownership disclosed), Anulex (Stock ownership/Consulting disclosed). Shi, Jin-hui: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Shilt, Jeff: Royalties: Ellipse Technologies (None); Stock Ownership: Ellipse Technologies (15,000 shares/5%); Consulting: Ellipse Technology (B, Travel expenses, Options); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (C); Trips/travels: Medtronic, Inc. (Travel reimbursement);

234S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Scientific Advisory Board: Ellipse Technology (Consulting disclosed). Shim, Chan Shik: Nothing to Disclose. Shim, Dae-Seop: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Shin, Jae-Hung: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Shinoda, Tsuyoshi: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Shiohara, Kyosuke: Nothing to Disclose. Shirado, Osamu: Nothing to Disclose. Shufflebarger, Harry L.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (Refused to disclose amount); Consulting: DePuy Spine (Refused to disclose amount); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (Travel reimbursement); Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (Travel reimbursement); Scientific Advisory Board: DePuy Spine (Amount not disclosed); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (D). Sieg, Ryan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Siekmann, Holger: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Siepe, Christoph J.: Nothing to Disclose. Sieradzki, James P.: Nothing to Disclose. Sim, Franklin H.: Nothing to Disclose. Sin, Anthony: Nothing to Disclose. Singla, Amit: Nothing to Disclose. Sinicropi, Stefano: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Siska, Peter: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Skalsky, Andrew: Nothing to Disclose. Skolasky, Richard L.: Nothing to Disclose. Sliva, Christopher: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Smail, Jennifer: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Smalley, Chad: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Smith, Francis W.: Consulting: Kyphon - Medtronic (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Kyphon - Medtronic (B); Trips/ travel: Kyphon - Medtronic (Speaking and/or teaching arrangements disclosed). Smith, James D.: Nothing to Disclose. Smith, Jeremy S.: Nothing to Disclose. Smith, Justin S.: Consulting: Axial Biotech (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (A), Biomet (B). Smith, Michael D.: Royalties: Biomet (D); Consulting: Biomet (A). Smith, Suzanne: Nothing to Disclose. Smith, William: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Smolinski, Rebecca: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Smuck, Matthew W.: Consulting: Arthrocare, Inc. (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Arthrocare, Inc. (B). So, Dong-Hyuk: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Song, Ho Sup: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Song, Juhee: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sonntag, Volker: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sowa, Gwendolyn A.: Nothing to Disclose. Spiker, William: Disclosure not available at time of publication.

Spivak, Jeffrey M.: Royalties: Titan Spine TLIF Cage (None); Stock Ownership: Paradigm Spine (157,500 shares/!5%); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes Spine (C); Scientific Advisory Board: Titan Spine (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Paradigm Spine (D); Fellowship Support: Synthes (E). Sponseller, Paul D.: Royalties: Globus Spine (B); Consulting: DePuy Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B); Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy Spine (C); Grants: DePuy Spine (C). Stambough, Jeffery L.: Nothing to Disclose. Standaert, Christopher J.: Consulting: Washington State Health Care Authority Health Technology Clinical Committee (B); Trips/Travel: Practicing Physicians Advisory Council for Dept. of HHS/CMS (Travel reimbursement). Stark, John G.: Stock Ownership: Ilion Medical (O50%); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Ilion (None); Trips/ Travel: Ilion (C); Board of Directors: Ilion (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Ilion (None); Other Office: Ilion (Manager); Fellowship Support: SI Foundation (D). Stecken, Jean: Nothing to Disclose. Steib, Jean Paul: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Steinmetz, Michael P.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (B). Stender, Gerd: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Stephens, Frederick: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Steward, Oswald: Nothing to Disclose. Stewart, Arielle A.: Nothing to Disclose. Stewart, Bailey: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Strantzas, Samuel: Nothing to Disclose. Street, John T.: Nothing to Disclose. Strenge Sr., Brandon: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Stromqvist, Bjorn: Nothing to Disclose. Stro¨mqvist, Fredrik: Nothing to Disclose. Studer, Rebecca K.: Nothing to Disclose. Sturm, Peter F.: Stock Ownership: Pioneer Surgical (7,717 shares); Consulting: DePuy Spine (B), Pioneer Surgical (B); Scientific Advisory Board: OrthoPediatrics (None). Su, Brian W.: Nothing to Disclose. Subach, Brian R.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (D). Sucato, Daniel J.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (B). Sugisaki, Keizo: Nothing to Disclose. Suk, Kyung-Soo: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Suk, Se-Il: Disclosure not available at time of publication.

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Sul, Dong-geun: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sullivan, William J.: Nothing to Disclose. Summers, Jeffrey: Nothing to Disclose. Sun, Xu: Nothing to Disclose. Sundberg, Eric B.: Nothing to Disclose. Sutter, Edward G.: Nothing to Disclose. Sweet, Alexander: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Sweet, Fred A.: Nothing to Disclose. Syed, Ishaq Y.: Nothing to Disclose. Sylvester, Thomas: Nothing to Disclose. Symes, Aviva J.: Nothing to Disclose. T Tae, Gi-yoong: Nothing to Disclose. Takahashi, Jun: Nothing to Disclose. Takeshita, Katsushi: Nothing to Disclose. Tally, William: Nothing to Disclose. Talmadge, Karen: Other Office: Medtronic, Inc. (Employee). Tang, Jessica: Nothing to Disclose. Tang, Tiansi: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Tannous, Bakhos A.: Nothing to Disclose. Tantorski, Mark: Nothing to Disclose. Tassone, Channing: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Tateno, Kei: Nothing to Disclose. Tay, Bobby: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes Spine (D), Biomet Spine (B), Medtronic, Inc. Spine (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Regeneration Technologies (!$100); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Synthes Spine (C). Taylor, William R.: Nothing to Disclose. Teng, Honglin: Nothing to Disclose. Tepass, Alexander: Nothing to Disclose. Terai, Tomoya: Nothing to Disclose. Tesar, Jeremy R.: Nothing to Disclose. Tezer, Mehmet: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Theis, Jean-Claude: Nothing to Disclose. Theofilos, Charles S.: Royalties: K2 Medical (D); Stock Ownership: K2 M (3.5%), Disc Motion Technologies (0.55%), Spinecore (0.417%), Paradigm Spine (18,700 shares); Consulting: Stryker Spine (E); Scientific Advisory Board: K2 Medical (Stock ownership disclosed), Disc Motion Technology (Stock ownership disclosed). Thometz, John: Nothing to Disclose. Thonar, Eugene J: Stock Ownership: Articular Engineering LLC (18%); Other Office: Vice President and Treasurer (Contribution to Health Insurance). Thorne, Kevin J.: Stock Ownership: Spinal Restoration, Inc. (80,380 shares/0.5%); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: University of California at San Francisco (D); Grants: University of California at San Francisco (F). Tibbs, Phillip A.: Nothing to Disclose. Tighiouart, Hocine: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Tillman, John B.: Stock Ownership: Medtronic, Inc. (2,136 shares/ !1%); Other Office: Medtronic, Inc. Spine LLC (Employee). Tilstra, Jeremy S.: Nothing to Disclose. Tinley, Jason C.: Nothing to Disclose. Tis, John E.: Nothing to Disclose. Tohmeh, Antoine G.: Royalties: NuVasive, Inc. (D); Stock Ownership: NuVasive, Inc. (2,000 shares); Consulting:

235S

NuVasive (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: NuVasive, Inc. (C); Trips/Travel: NuVasive, Inc. (Travel expenses); Scientific Advisory Board: NuVasive (Amount not disclosed). Tomaras, Christopher: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Tomlinson, Andrew: Nothing to Disclose. Tomlinson, Tucker: Nothing to Disclose. Torrealba, Jose: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Torretti, Joel A.: Royalties: Globus Medical (None); Consulting: Globus Medical (None); Other Office: Technical Design Team (None). Toth, Jeffrey: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Toy, Jason O.: Nothing to Disclose. Toyama, Yoshiaki: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Transfeldt, Ensor: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Tromanhauser, Scott G.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (None), Stryker Spine (None, dissolved 2009), Zimmer Spine (None), DePuy Spine (None); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Paradigm Spine (B), Sirna Therapeutics (D), Stryker (D), DePuy Spine (C), Impliant (B); Other: Soteira, Inc (None). Tropp, Hans: Nothing to Disclose. Trummer, Martin: Nothing to Disclose. Truumees, Eeric: Royalties: Stryker Spine (C); Stock Ownership: Doctor’s Research Group (!1%); Consulting: Stryker Spine (C), DePuy Spine (B), Osteotech (D), Globus (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (D); Trips/Travel: DePuy (B); Board of Directors: Cervical Spine Research Society (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Doctors Research Group (Stock ownership disclosed). Tsantrizos, Anthony: Stock Ownership: Disc Dynamics, Inc. (Refused to disclose amount); Other: Synthes (Employee). Tuma, Ronald: Research Support: Investigator Salary: BTG (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: BTG (D); Grants: BTG (D). Turner, Simon: Nothing to Disclose. Tuschel, Alexander: Nothing to Disclose. Tyler, Betty M.: Nothing to Disclose. Tzermiadianos, Michael: Disclosure not available at time of publication. U Ugrinow, Valerie: Nothing to Disclose. Upasani, Vidyadhar V.: Nothing to Disclose. Usas, Arvydas: Nothing to Disclose. V Vaccaro, Alexander R.: Royalties: DePuy Spine (F), Biomet Spine (F), Globus (F), Medtronic, Inc. (F), K2 M (C), Aesculap (B); Stock Ownership: K2 M (50,000 shares), Cytonics (Unknown), Disc Motion Technology (Unknown), Zygoloc (Unknown), Progressive Spinal Technology (Unknown), Computational Biodynamics (Unknown), Stout Medical (D), Bonovo Orthopaedics (100,000 shares), Electrocure (Unknown), Vertiflex (30,000 shares), Flagship Surgical (Unknown), In Vivo (Unknown), Pearl Diver (Unknown), Small Bone Innovations (30,000 shares), Neucore (22,000 shares), Crosscurrent (125,000 shares), Vertilink (1,535 shares), Orthovita (10,000 shares), Syndicom (2,750 shares), Biomerix (25,000 shares), Spinemark (82,000 shares), Paradigm Spine (146,875 shares),

236S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Spinology (28,750 shares), Vertebron (184,984 shares), Replication Medica (15,250 shares), Breakaway Imaging (100,000 shares), Crosstree Medical (41,667 shares), Globus (60,000 shares); Consulting: DePuy Spine (D), Osteotech (None), Orthofix (B), Vertiflex (A), Vertebron (B), Stryker Biotech (C), Stryker Spine (F), K2 M (B), Medtronic, Inc. (D), AOSpine (B); Other Office: North American Spine Society Annual Meeting Program Committee (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: AOSpine (D), Medtronic, Inc. (E). Van Hove, Ilse J.F.: Stock Ownership: Johnson & Johnson (100 shares). Van Meirhaeghe, Jan K.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Trips/Travel: Medtronic, Inc. (B). Vannet, Nicola B.: Nothing to Disclose. Varga, Peter: Nothing to Disclose. Varley, Eric S.: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Rady Childrens’ Hospital (E). Varma, Vikas V.: Nothing to Disclose. Vecchione, David A.: Nothing to Disclose. Velendecic, Milorad: Nothing to Disclose. Venhaus, Larissa D.: Nothing to Disclose. Vergara, Manuel F.: Nothing to Disclose. Verma, Kushagra: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Verma-Kurvari, Sunita: Nothing to Disclose. Verna, Joe L.: Nothing to Disclose. Videman, Tapio: Nothing to Disclose. Villalobos, Luis: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Villarraga, Marta L.: Other Office: Exponent, Inc. (Employee). Villavicencio, Alan T.: Stock Ownership: Lanx (5,000,000 shares). Vishnubhotla, Srilakshmi: Stock Ownership: Alphatec Spine (5,000 shares/!1%); Other Office: Alphatec Spine (Employee). Vital, Jean-Marc: Nothing to Disclose. Vives, Michael J.: Private Investments: Accelalox (Amount not disclosed); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Zimmer (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangement: Biomet (Amount not disclosed); Trips/travel: Stryker (Travel reimbursement). Vo, Nam V.: Nothing to Disclose. Vogl, Thomas: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Volcan, Ildemaro J.: Royalties: Globus (B); Consulting: Globus (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: NuVasive (D); Trips/Travel: Globus (B). Voronov, Leonard I.: Nothing to Disclose. Voros, Gabor: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Vrionis, Frank D.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (C), Synthes (E), Stryker (B), Orthofix (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (C); Trips/Travel: Synthes (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Orthofix (None); Fellowship Support: Synthes (E).

W Wahba, George M.: Nothing to Disclose. Wai, Eugene K.: Nothing to Disclose. Wakhloo, Ajay: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Walgama, Jonathan P.: Nothing to Disclose. Walia, Rampyari R.: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Walsh, William R.: Consulting: Pioneer Surgical (B); Grants: Pioneer Surgical (D). Wang, Bin: Nothing to Disclose. Wang, Jeffrey C.: Royalties: Medtronic, Inc. (D), Stryker (E), SeaSpine (E), Osprey (B), Aesculap (B), Biomet (F), DePuy (B); Private Investments: Promethean Spine (!1%), Paradigm Spine (!1%), Benevenue (!1%), NexGen (!1%), K2 medical (!1%), Pioneer (!1%), Amedica (!1%), Vertiflex (!1%); Consulting: Fziomed, Inc. (B, dissolved), Medtronic, Inc. (A), Lanx (F, dissolved), MTF (B), Facet Solutions (B), DePuy (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker (D), SeaSpine (B), Vertiflex (B); Trips/Travel: DePuy (B), Stryker (B); Scientific Advisory Board: VG Innovations (5,000 shares/ !1%), Corespine (2,000 shares/!1%), Expanding Orthopaedics (33,000 shares/!1%), Syndicom (66,125 shares/ !1%), Osprey (10 shares/!1%), Flexuspine (30,000 shares/ !1%), Amedica (35,416 shares/!1%), Bone Biologics (51,255 shares/!1%), Curative Biosciences (1,875 shares/!1%), Facet Solutions (35,000 shares/!1%), Pearldiver (25,000 shares/ !1%), Pioneer (3,636 shares/!1%), SeaSpine (11 shares/ !1%), Axis (None); Grants: Fonar (B); Fellowship Support: AO Foundation (E). Wang, Shaobai: Nothing to Disclose. Wang, Shenglin: Nothing to Disclose. Wang, Xiaoyu: Nothing to Disclose. Wardlaw, Douglas: Consulting: Company not disclosed (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Company not disclosed (D). Warholic, Natalie M.: Nothing to Disclose. Wason, John D.: Nothing to Disclose. Watters, William C.: Consulting: Stryker (C); Scientific Advisory Board: Intrinsic Therapeutics (Options); Other: Blackstone Medical, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Waugh, Stacey: Nothing to Disclose. Wegener, Stephen: Research Support: Investigator Salary: NIH/ CDC (E); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: NIH/CDC (F); Grants: NIH/CDC (F); Fellowship Support: Fulbright Scholar (C). Wei, Ai-Qun: Nothing to Disclose. Weidenbaum, Mark: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Weiner, Bradley K.: Nothing to Disclose. Weingart, Jon: Nothing to Disclose. Weinstein, James N.: Nothing to Disclose.

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Welch, William C.: Royalties: Lanx (E); Private Investments: Transcendental Spine (17%); Consulting: Zimmer Spine (None), Synthes Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Zimmer Spine (None). Wen, John: Nothing to Disclose. Wenger, Dennis R: Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy Spine, Inc. (None). Wetzel, F. Todd: Stock Ownership: Relievent Medical (45,000 shares); Scientific Advisory Board: Relievent Medical (Travel reimbursement). Whang, Peter G.: Stock Ownership: DiFusion (15,000 shares/ 15%); Consulting: Aesculap (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Apatech (C), Stryker (B); Scientific Advisory Board: DiFusion (Stock ownership disclosed); Other Office: Paradigm Spine (C). White, Gavin J.: Consulting: Medtronic, Inc. (D); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Medtronic, Inc. (Consulting disclosed). Whitworth, Michael L.: Consulting: Spinal Restorations (A). Williams, Seth K.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B). Williamson, Owen D.: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Janssen-Ortho (B). Wilson, Greg C.: Nothing to Disclose. Wilson, Jon J.: Nothing to Disclose. Wingate, Jeffrey: Royalties: Zimmer Spine (B); Consulting: Pioneer Surgical (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Zimmer Spine (D); Scientific Advisory Board: Zimmer Spine (B). Winter, Robert B.: Royalties: Biomet (E). Witham, Timothy: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker Spine (B); Research Support: Investigator Salary: Integra Life Sciences (C); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Integra Life Sciences (C). Witten, Jonathan L.: Nothing to Disclose. Wolfer, Lee: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Wolff, Craig: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Wolinski, Jean-Paul: Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Stryker (B). Wollowick, Adam L.: Nothing to Disclose. Wong, Peter Yun-Chung: Nothing to Disclose. Wood, Kirkham B.: Nothing to Disclose. Woodard, Eric J.: Royalties: Stryker Spine (None); Stock Ownership: Medtronic, Inc. (4,263 shares/!1%); Private Investments: InVivo Therapeutics (36,000 shares/2%); Consulting: DePuy Spine (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes Spine (B); Board of Directors: InVIvo Therapeutics (None); Scientific Advisory Board: InVivo Therapeutics (36,000 shares/2%); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Stryker Spine (None); Fellowship Support: Synthes Spine (E); Other: Medtronic, Inc. (Stock ownership disclosed), Invivo Therapeutics (Chief Medical Officer). Woodward, Howard R.: Grants: Medtronic, Inc. (D). Wright, David M.: Nothing to Disclose. Wright, James: Nothing to Disclose. Wright, Neill M.: Royalties: NuVasive (D); Stock Ownership: NuVasive (1,700 shares/!1%); Private Investments: Vertebral Technologies, Inc. (20,000 shares/!1%); Consulting: Orthovita (Amount not disclosed), Ulrich Medical (Amount not disclosed); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Orthovita

237S

(Amount not disclosed); Scientific Advisory Board: Vertebral Technologies, Inc. (Private Investment disclosed). Wu, Chunhui: Disclosure not available at time of publication. X Xavier, Shaun: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Xia, Qun: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Xu, Risheng: Nothing to Disclose. Y Yalamanchili, Praveen: Nothing to Disclose. Yamashita, Takayuki: Nothing to Disclose. Yang, Cao: Nothing to Disclose. Yang, Huilin: Nothing to Disclose. Yang, Jun Young: Nothing to Disclose. Yaqoobi, Ali S.: Nothing to Disclose. Yasui, Natsuo: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Yaszay, Burt: Consulting: Ellipse (B); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: DePuy Spine (B); Trips/Travel: DePuy Spine (B); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: DePuy Spine (B); Fellowship Support: DePuy Spine (B). Yaszemski, Michael J.: Nothing to Disclose. Yin, Way: Stock Ownership: Spinal Restoration, Inc. (20,000 shares); Consulting: Spinal Restoration, Inc. (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Spinal Restoration, Inc. (None); Other: International Spine Intervention Society (Board of Directors, Presidential Line). Yoo, Jung: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Yoon, S. Tim: Consulting: Abbott Spine (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Biomet (B), Howmedica Osteonics Corp. (B); Grants: AOSpine (C), Biomet (E), Osteotech (F), NuVasive (B). Yu, Hon: Nothing to Disclose. Yu, Yan: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Yuan, Hansen: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Yue, James J.: Stock Ownership: Alphatec Spine (2,000 shares/ !1%); Private Investments: Paradigm Spine (40,000 shares/ !1%); Consulting: DePuy Spine (B), Aesculap Spine (B); Scientific Advisory Board: Applied Spine Technologies (B), Replication Medical, Inc. (B). Yusupov, Igor: Nothing to Disclose. Z Zaarour, Christian: Nothing to Disclose. Za´rate-Kalfo´pulos, Baro´n: Nothing to Disclose. Zebala, Lukas P.: Nothing to Disclose. Zelenakova, Julia: Nothing to Disclose. Zeller, Reinhard D.: Royalties: SpineVision (E); Consulting: Paradigm Spine (B); Fellowship Support: Spinevision, Stryker, Medtronic, Inc. (E). Zhang, Bin: Consulting: Zimmer, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Zhang, Chao: Nothing to Disclose. Zhang, Hongbin: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Zhang, Jianghui: Nothing to Disclose. Zhang, Ming: Nothing to Disclose. Zhang, Yejia: Nothing to Disclose. Zhang, Yonggang: Nothing to Disclose. Zhang, Zhigang: Nothing to Disclose. Zhao, Ke: Other Office: Exponent, Inc. (Employee). Zhao, Li: Disclosure not available at time of publication.

238S

2009 Annual Meeting Disclosure Index / The Spine Journal 9 (2009) 214S–238S

Zhou, Jun: Nothing to Disclose. Zhou, Qiang: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Zhu, Ruofu: Disclosure not available at time of publication. Zhu, Ze-zhang: Nothing to Disclose. Zigler, Jack: Royalties: Zimmer Spine (C); Stock Ownership: Applied Spine (!1%), Flexuspine (!1%); Consulting: Synthes Spine (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Synthes Spine (C); Trips/Travel: Synthes Spine (Travel reimbursement), Flexuspine (B); Scientific Advisory Board: AST (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: Various companies (Amounts not disclosed); Fellowship Support: Johnson & Johnson, Synthes, Medtronic, Inc. (Amount not disclosed). Zileli, Mehmet: Nothing to Disclose. Zimmerman, Ryan: Nothing to Disclose.

Zindrick, Michael R.: Royalties: OrthoFix/Blackstone (E), DePuy (B); Consulting: OrthoFix/Blackstone (C); Scientific Advisory Board: OrthoFix/Blackstone (None); Research Support: Staff and/or materials: OrthoFix/Blackstone (E); Fellowship Support: Orthofix/Blackstone (D). Zonder, Jeffrey A.: Consulting: Kyphon (B); Scientific Advisory Boards: Pfizer (B); Grants: Millennium (F). Zou, Jun: Nothing to Disclose. Zucherman, James F.: Consulting: Stryker (C); Speaking and/or teaching arrangements: Medtronic, Inc. (B); Trips/Travel: Abbott (Amount not disclosed), Synthes (Amount not disclosed); Board of Directors: Spartek (None); Scientific Advisory Board: Spine21 (A); Fellowship Support: Abbott (C, dissolved 2009).

Financial Conflict of Interest Disclosure Key Level A. $100 to $1000

Level D. $25,001 to $50,000

Level G. $500,001 to $1 M

Level B. $1,001 to $10,000

Level E. $50,001 to $100,000

Level H. $1,000,001 to $2.5 M

Level C. $10,001 to $25,000

Level F. $100,001 to $500,000

Level I. Greater than $2.5 M

This Author Disclosure Index is Current as of 08/13/09