ACCLIMATISATION IN THE TROPICS.

ACCLIMATISATION IN THE TROPICS.

32 as an adviser who saves him from accidents brain-work, with its more sedentary and indoor and teaches him how to master conditions which may condit...

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32 as an adviser who saves him from accidents brain-work, with its more sedentary and indoor and teaches him how to master conditions which may conditions, leads sooner to nervous symptoms than lessen his efficiency, cause his retirement, and shorten an outdoor occupation such as planting. It is only by his life. The author discusses in detail safety helmets, a clear understanding of the present position that we goggles, clothing, protective padding of machines shall make any real advance towards maintaining against injuries, parachutes, and swimming jackets; our fellow countrymen in the tropics in the full mental he pleads for the provision of (1) a first-aid box, and and physical vigour to which they have been accus(2) food and water in every plane, and asserts the need tomed at home, and which alone spells content to the for an inquiry into every crash by a board, on which white man. shall sit a medical officer, charged with the duty of examining the aviator’s medical record, to see if an MEMORIAL TO THE LATE SIR WILLIAM explanation of the disaster can be found there. MACEWEN. THE movement, which took formal shape a month ago, in favour of the commemoration of the life and ACCLIMATISATION IN THE TROPICS. work of the late Sir William Macewen, was carried IN presenting the play " White Cargo," which is now a stage further at a meeting of the General Committee being performed in London, the author, Leon Gordon, of the Memorial Fund, held on June 26th, in the Hall states that he has made no conscious effort to create of the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons,. or eliminate sensationalism, but has attempted to Glasgow. At the original meeting, held on May 22nd, it had been remitted to an executive committee to a in the for country struggle development portray which steadily defies the encroaching civilisation, consider and report on the form or forms which the and where the reaction of an ever-shining sun breeds memorial should take. The executive were now able inevitable rot-a rot which penetrates not only the to present a unanimous report, which, with very vegetation and inanimate objects, but the minds and slight verbal alteration, was adopted by the General hearts of the white men who attempt to conquer it. Committee. It is proposed to apply the funds that The symptoms of mental and physical decadence may be raised to three main purposes, in the following produced by residence in a hot and malarious district order: 1. The provision of a bust of the late Sir are, indeed, well reproduced. Acclimatisation in such an William Macewen, by a sculptor of eminence, with isolated and unhealthy area may mean simply mental a replica for presentation to Sir William’s family. A treatise,i published It is intended that the bust shall be placed in the and physical deterioration. a French author, reaches a similar concluUniversity. 2. The establishment of a memorial by recently sion as regards physique and morale in the tropical lecture, or prelection, to be called the " Sir William French colonies. He states that sojourners in the Macewen Lecture, or Prelection " ; this lecture to French tropics compare unfavourably with those in be delivered annually, or biennially, as funds may the British tropics, the chief reason being the lack of permit. It is intended, further, that this lecture should active exercise in the former. The Britisher plays not be merely a memorial oration, but should deal games regularly all the year round, whereas the French with any branch or aspect of surgical science. 3. The colonist leads a uniform sedentary life. Possibly the ’, foundation of a Macewen medal or prize in surgery, ’ to be awarded annually. The decision as to whether Britisher is nearer to true acclimatisation thereby. Perhaps in its most exact meaning acclimatisation this should be assigned to the class of surgery at is the process of becoming accustomed to a new Glasgow University or should be given a wider climate and its conditions, with maintenance of full application has been deferred for further consideraphysical and mental vigour. The main difficulties tion. A preliminary report as to the probable cost in the way of acclimatisation in the tropics are evil of the bust and replica was made by Dr. A. Freeland influences of climate per se, parasites, unhygienic Fergus, on behalf of the executive, and the General conditions, altered habits of life, altered social states, Committee desired the executive to make such sedentary routine, over-indulgence in food, and last arrangements as may be required to carry through but not least, alcohol. Many have seen the tableaux the scheme. It was intimated that already a number in the Tropical Health section housed in the pavilion of substantial subscriptions have been secured, though of His Majesty’s Government at Wembley. These no circular has yet been issued. The executive of the demonstrate how, by human effort intelligently Memorial Fund consists of the following: Dr. A. directed, the " white man’s grave " of 25 years ago Freeland Fergus (chairman), Sir Hector C. Cameron, has become a centre of health and prosperity. Indeed, Sir John Reid, Prof. T. K. Monro, and Mr. J. H. there exist some tropical cities from which all the Pringle (vice-chairmen) ; Colonel J. A. Roxburgh, opposing influences enumerated, with the exception Mr. William Gray, Prof. Graham Kerr, Prof. W. K. of climate, have been eradicated, at least in so far Hunter, Sir Archibald Craig, Dr. J. N. Marshall, as some white men are concerned. Having reached Dr. George A. Allan, Dr. J. G. McCutcheon, Mr. James this advanced state of sanitary and moral excellence, MacFarlane (treasurer), and Mr. Archibald Young are we in a position to say that these white men (secretary). In view of the present holiday season, it have become fully acclimatised in the sense defined was resolved that the executive should defer the above ? Judging from the evidence reviewed recently issue of a circular until a little later in the year. however, to receive by such authorities as Prof. van Eijkman and Dr. The committee is prepared, Andrew Balfour, the answer must be No. In spite of subscriptions now, and such subscriptions should be sent to the Hon. Treasurer of the Memorial Fund, our success in stamping out malarial and such-like parasites, and in introducing all kinds of outdoor and Wesleyan-street, Glasgow. indoor exercise and other healthy recreation, there still remains the depressing effect on the nervous WE regret to announce the death on June 30th, system with its states of exhaustion and psychical irritability, for which the only cure is a prolonged at the age of 69, of Prof. Charles Hunter Stewart, clime. Possibly we are now who held the Chair of Public Health at the University vacation in a temperate just beginning to see clearly these effects on the of Edinburgh. efficiency and nervous mechanisms of the white man, because formerly such symptoms were masked by THE following have been elected as members of concomitant tropical disease due to known bacteria the Dental Board of the United Kingdom: To and parasites. Very probably these nervous effects dentists, for England and represent qualified are due to continuous heat, although we must not Mr. W. H. Dolamore and Mr. W. R. Wales, forget the possibility of an unknown bacterial or Ackland; for Scotland, Mr. W. Guy; and for parasitical agent. At present it would appear that Ireland, Mr. J. J. Andrew. Mr. F. Butterfield have been elected to 1 Les Blancs en pays chauds. Déchánce physique et morale. and Mr. W. F. Bowen By Jaureguiberry. Paris : A. Maloine et Fils. 1924. Pp. 60. represent dentists registered under the Act of 1921.

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