Agricultural development planning in Thailand

Agricultural development planning in Thailand

96 The primary value of this b o o k will be to those wishing to find short reviews on pesticides: benefits and costs, pesticides in the agricultural...

84KB Sizes 0 Downloads 44 Views

96

The primary value of this b o o k will be to those wishing to find short reviews on pesticides: benefits and costs, pesticides in the agricultural environment, and pesticides in aquatic ecosystems. Also the review on b o u n d pesticide residues in soil, plants and f o o d is of value. Those expecting to find details of important scientific advances in these and the other topics within the scope of this conference are likely to be largely disappointed. Publication of full papers which in this volume are represented by abstracts is promised in the IAEA TECDOC series. N.H. ANDERSON

Department o f Agriculture and Horticulture University o f Bristol Long Ashton Research Station Long Ashton Bristol BS18 9 A F Gt. Britain

A G R I C U L T U R A L DEVELOPMENT

Agricultural Development Planning in Thailand, K.J. Nicol, S. Sriplung, E.O. Heady, Editors, Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA, U.S.A., 1982, 326 + xv pp., 44 Figs., 77 Tabs., US$21.50, ISBN 0-8138-1860-5. Policy makers and researchers in Thailand's agricultural sector face many problems similar to those faced in other countries, but Thailand also faces some rather unique challenges like a "higher participation in multiple cropping systems", as outlined in the Preface. The b o o k summarizes some of the work done under the Thailand Agricultural Sector Analysis Program. Chapter 1 provides background and an overview on the operational philosophy, and Chapter 2 a description of the agricultural and rural sectors. The activities in the statistics section are presented in Chapter 3, with an identification of regional potential across the country. The next four chapters report on the agricultural production, with a detailed outline of a national crop model, then applied to analysis to the alternative futures of the Fourth Five-Year Plan. The models developed to analyze specific c o m m o d i t y programs are discussed in Chapter 8. A model to evaluate the export situation of Thai rice, reported in Chapter 9, neglects "the leading and very delicate role of price"! Chapters 10 and 11 review two models developed for more macrolevel analysis: measurement of the agricultural sector's development on the overall economy, and evaluation of population levels and migration pressures. Chapter 12 covers transportation and marketing models. The next four chapters provide short overviews on ongoing programs, like making a link between the macroeconomic model and a recursive version of the national crop model, or incorporating farm level characteristics into regional models, as a farm management tool. The final two chapters provide reflec-

97 tions on the project. According to the Division of Agricultural Economics of the Ministry of Agriculture, it has been a useful program, conducted with the assitance of the United States Agency of International Development and a team from Iowa State University. The work presented is typical of a macroeconomic approach. There is no consideration given to problems of environment, and the concept of agroecosystem seems disregarded. The gap between the macrolevel and microlevel approaches is strongly evident in the conception of the program. For example, the Preface alludes to "multiple cropping systems", but strangely, there is no reference in the text to the Multiple Cropping Project, an interdisciplinary project of the faculty of Agriculture, from Chang Mai University, established since 1969 with support of the Ford Foundation! P. JACQUARD Centre d'Etudes Phytosociologiques et Ecologiques B.P. 5051 Route de Mende 34033 Montpellier (H$rault) France