Answers linked to Haas J, Larson EL. Measurement of compliance with hand hygiene. J Hosp Infect 2007;66:6–14.

Answers linked to Haas J, Larson EL. Measurement of compliance with hand hygiene. J Hosp Infect 2007;66:6–14.

Journal of Hospital Infection (2007) 67, 189e190 www.elsevierhealth.com/journals/jhin Continuing Professional Development and the Journal of Hospita...

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Journal of Hospital Infection (2007) 67, 189e190

www.elsevierhealth.com/journals/jhin

Continuing Professional Development and the Journal of Hospital Infection Answers linked to Haas J, Larson EL. Measurement of compliance with hand hygiene. J Hosp Infect 2007;66:6e14. Available online 7 May 2007

1. The method of hand hygiene measurement that is considered the ‘gold standard’ is? (a) (b) (c) (d)

Self-report by clinicians. Direct observation. Measurement of product volume usage. Electronic monitoring.

Answer: (b). 2. The major advantage of direct observation of hand hygiene behaviour is? (a) It is the only acceptable way to measure hand hygiene according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (b) It is the most efficient method for institutions to meet regulatory requirements. (c) It provides the most detailed information about hand hygiene practices. (d) It is the method least subject to bias and Hawthorne effect. Answer: (c).

3. The major advantage of hand hygiene product volume measurement is? (a) It is the only acceptable way to measure hand hygiene according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (b) It is the most efficient method for institutions to meet regulatory requirements. (c) It provides the most detailed information about hand hygiene practices. (d) It is the method least subject to bias and Hawthorne effect. Answer: (d). 4. The major disadvantage of direct observation of hand hygiene behaviour is? (a) It does not provide actionable information. (b) It is subject to bias and the Hawthorne effect. (c) It may not provide a representative sample of practices. (d) Both (b) and (c). Answer: (d).

Summarizing the instructions from the Royal College of Pathologists: (1) One CPD point is allowed for each question and answer set (up to five questions and answers). (2) Answers must be recorded referenced back to the questions and recorded in the CPD portfolio. (3) It is essential that participants include the completed response form showing both questions and answers in their portfolio as these may be subject to audit by RCPath. For further information about the Royal College of Pathologists’ CPD scheme and credit allocation, please contact: Professional Standards Unit, CPD Section, Royal College of Pathologists, 2 Carlton House Terrace, London, SW1Y 5AF, UK. E-mail: [email protected] or visit http://www.rcpath.org 0195-6701/$ - see front matter ª 2007 The Hospital Infection Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2007.03.012

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Continuing Professional Development and the Journal of Hospital Infection

5. Self-report of clinician behaviour is: (a) Considered by experts to be a valid way to measure hand hygiene. (b) Subject to recall bias.

(c) More costly than other methods of measurement. (d) Likely to produce a representative sample of responses. Answer: (b).