Mission Vision for APhA APhA is the organization whose members are recognized in society as essential in all patient care settings for optimal medication use that improves health, wellness, and quality of life. Mission for APhA The American Pharmacists Association provides information, education, and advocacy to empower its members to improve medication use and advance patient care. APhA will accomplish this by being the leader in: Providing timely and accurate infor-
mation that is vital to our members. Raising societal awareness about
the role of pharmacists as essential in patient care for optimal medication use. Providing state-of-the-art resources
to enhance our members’ continuing professional development. Educating and influencing legisla-
tors, policy makers, regulators, and the public to advance our vision and mission. Creating unique opportunities
for our members to connect and share with their peers across practice settings. Adopted by the APhA Board of Trustees — September 2006
Mission for JAPhA The Journal of the American Pharmacists Association is a peer-reviewed forum for original research, review, experience, and opinion articles that link science with contemporary pharmacy practice to improve patient care.
2 • JAPhA • 4 8 :1 • J a n / F e b 2 0 0 8
JAPhA® Associate & Contributing Editors ASSOCIATE EDITORS Jennifer Cerulli, PharmD, BCPS, AE-C, Associate
Professor of Pharmacy Practice, Albany College of Pharmacy, Albany, N.Y. Donald L. Harrison, PhD, Assistant Professor of Clinical and Administrative Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City Amy H. Schwartz, PharmD, Assistant Dean and Program Director, Cooperative Pharmacy Program, and Associate Professor, College of Pharmacy, University of Texas–Pan American and University of Texas–Austin, Edinburg, Tex. L. Douglas Ried, PhD, Professor, Pharmacy Health Care Administration, and Associate Dean for Curricular Affairs and Accreditation, College of Pharmacy, and Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville CONTRIBUTING EDITORS Tom English, Director, New Practitioner Development,
American Pharmacists Association, Washington, D.C.
Jean-Venable (Kelly) R. Goode, PharmD, BCPS, FAPhA, FCCP, Associate Professor, School of
Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond John D. Grabenstein, PhD, COL (Ret), FAPhA, Director of Scientific Affairs, Merck Vaccine Division, West Point, Pa. Mary S. Hayney, PharmD, BCPS, Associate Professor of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison Daniel A. Hussar, PhD, Remington Professor of Pharmacy, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa. David A. Mott, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison Nicholas G. Popovich, PhD, Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacy Administration, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois-Chicago Jon C. Schommer, PhD, Professor, College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis Dennis B. Worthen, PhD, Lloyd Scholar, Lloyd Library and Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio
JAPhA® Editorial Advisory Board Claire Wynn Anderson, PhD, BPharm, FRPharmS, MCPP, Professor of Social Pharmacy and Director
of the Centre for Pharmacy, Health and Society, School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, U.K. Michael J. Asmus, PharmD, Clinical Education Consultant, Pfizer, Middleton, Wis.
Robert J. Belloto, Jr., BPharm, PhD, CGP, FASCP,
Staff Pharmacist, Good Samaritan Hospital, Dayton, Ohio Joseph K. Bonnarens, PhD, Assistant Professor, Social and Administrative Pharmacy, and Director, Community Pharmacy Residency Program, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison Michelle A. Chui, PharmD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Pharmacy Practice, Midwestern University, Glendale, Ariz. Jeffrey C. Delafuente, MS, FCCP, FASCP, Associate Dean for Professional Education, Professor of Pharmacy, and Director of Geriatric Programs, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond Goldina Erowele, PharmD, Clinical Pharmacist, Formulary Management, Department of Pharmacy, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C. CDR W. Douglas Figg, Sr., PharmD, MBA, Senior Investigator and Head of the Molecular Pharmacology Section, Cancer Therapeutics Branch; and Head of the Clinical Pharmacology Research Core, Medical Oncology Clinical Research Unit; Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md. Jack E. Fincham, PhD, Professor of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri–Kansas City CDR Louis R. Flowers, PharmD, MS, Director Health Promotion Officer, Division of Training and Development, Office of Training and Communications, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, Md. Lisa M. Izzo Handley, PharmD, CDM, Clinical Pharmacist, Caremark Inc., Northbrook, Ill. Brian Hille, BPharm, Corporate Director, Pharmacy Care, Safeway, Dominicks, Randalls, Tom Thumb, Carrs, Vons and Genuardi’s, Houston Tex. MAJ Barbara J. Hoeben, BSC, PharmD, MSPharm, BCPS, U.S. Air Force, Wilford Hall Medical Center,
San Antonio, Tex.
Marlon S. Honeywell, BPharm, PharmD, Associate
Professor of Pharmacy Practice, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee Abir (Abby) A. Kahaleh, PhD, MPH, Director of Experiential Education and Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice, LECOM School of Pharmacy, Erie, Pa.
w w w.j a p h a . o r g
Rosemin Kassam, BPharm, PharmD, Assistant
Professor and Director of Structured Practice Education Program, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada Celia P. MacDonnell, BPharm, PharmD, Clinical Associate Professor & Director of Student Affairs, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, R.I. S. Suresh Madhavan, PhD, Professor and Chairperson, Department of Pharmaceutical Systems and Policy, West Virginia University, Morgantown Anna Mayfield, APhA–ASP Representative to JAPhA, School of Pharmacy, University of the Pacific, Stockton, Calif. Bella H. Mehta, PharmD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Pharmacy and Director of the Clinical Partners Program, College of Pharmacy, Ohio State University, Columbus Beatriz Manzor Mitrzyk, PharmD, Analyst, Xcenda, LLC and Adjunct Clinical Professor, University of Florida Working Professional PharmD Program, Northville, Mich. Amy S. Nicholas, PharmD, CDE, Associate Professor, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington Lance M. Nicholls, PharmD, Associate Director of Pharmacy Affairs, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Ridgefield, Conn. Priti N. Patel, PharmD, BCPS, Assistant Clinical Professor and Director, Drug Information Center, St. John’s University, Queens, N.Y. Thomas J. Reutzel, PhD, Professor, Pharmacy Practice, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, Ill. Douglas N. Shaffer, BPharm, MD, MHS, President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, U.S. Department of Defense/United States Military HIV Research Program, Kericho, Kenya Nancy L. Shapiro, PharmD, BCPS, Clinical Pharmacist and Clinical Assistant Professor, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago Carole Shelton, PharmD, MS, Clinical Manager, Exempla Saint Joseph’s Hospital, Denver, Colo. Maria Marzella Sulli, PharmD, Associate Clinical Professor, College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Professions, St. John’s University, Queens, N.Y., and Wellness Coordinator, King Kullen Pharmacy Wellness Place, Levittown, N.Y. Bonnie L. Svarstad, PhD, Professor Emerita, Social and Administrative Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison Seena Zierler-Brown, PharmD, FAACP, Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice and Director of Integrated Pharmacotherapy Services, Lloyd L. Gregory School of Pharmacy, Palm Beach Atlantic University, West Palm Beach, Fla.
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association