Information for Authors T h e E d i t o r s i n v i t e s u b m i s s i o n s on m a t t e r s r e l e v a n t to e m e r g e n c y m e d i c i n e and e m e r g e n c y h e a l t h services. Manuscripts and other editorial communications should be sent to: The Editor
A n n a l s of Emergency Medicine P O Box 619911 D a l l a s , T e x a s 75261-9911
ORIGINALITY OF WORK All submissions accepted for consideration will receive peer review in a prompt, professional, and confidential manner. Manuscripts containing original material are accepted for consideration with the understanding that neit h e r t h e a r t i c l e n o r a n y p a r t of i t s essential substance, tables, or figures has been or will be published or submitted for publication elsewhere before appearing in Annals. This restriction does not apply to a b s t r a c t s or press reports published in connection with scientific meetings. Copies of any possibly duplicative manuscripts should be submitted to the Editor along with the manuscript that is to be considered by Annals. The s u b m i s s i o n of more t h a n one m a n u s c r i p t d e a l i n g w i t h related aspects of the same study is strongly discouraged. In ahnost all cases, a single study is best reported in a single paper. Accepted manuscripts become the p r o p e r t y of Annals and m a y not be published elsewhere without the written permission of Annals.
JOURNAL CATEGORIES The Editors invite submissions for the following journal categories: Original Contributions: Original studies of areas relevant to emergency medicine, including their etiology, epid e m i o l o g y , p a t h o l o g y , d i a g n o s i s or treatment; investigations and critical analyses of systems of emergency care and the e l e m e n t s or c o m p o n e n t s of those systems. References are required. These papers should be limited to 25 pages. Brief Reports: Reports of preliminary data and findings or studies with small numbers that d e m o n s t r a t e the need for further investigations. Articles s h o u l d be l i m i t e d to e i g h t d o u b l e spaced typed pages with no more than ten references and one table and one figure. Concepts: Descriptions of clinical and n o n c l i n i c a l p r o b l e m s and solu-
tions, b o t h p r o p o s e d and actual, in e m e r g e n c y m e d i c i n e and e m e r g e n c y health services; descriptions of novel or unique approaches to the development, management, provision, or performance of services; formats for emergency health systems and subsystems. Include a p p r o p r i a t e references. This category also includes succinct, didactic articles offering specific methods of approach in well-defined clinical and nonclinical emergency situations, or detailing a special technique applicable to a clearly identified problem. These papers should be limited to 25 pages. Collective Reviews: E x t e n s i v e reviews of the literature on a narrow clinical topic. References must include, but need not be limited to, the last three years of the literature. See "How to Write a Collective Review," December 1987, p 1402. Case Conferences: Emergency medicine residency programs are invited to submit case conferences for consideration by the Editor. Case Reports: Brief descriptions of emergency problems that are unusual, or routine problems for which a novel therapeutic solution has been devised. Discussion of implications is suggested, and references should be limited to those relevant to the case presented. Editorials: Authoritative comments or opinions on major current problems of emergency physicians, or on controversial matters with significant implications for emergency medicine; qualified, thorough analysis and criticism of articles appearing in Annals. Detailed critical reviews~ essays, articles of historical or biographical interest; pertinent contributions from related disciplines. Informal style, when consistent w i t h the content, is invited. Provide appropriate references. Editorials should be limited to .25 pages. Correspondence: O b s e r v a t i o n s , opinions, corrections, and c o m m e n t s on topics under discussion in Annals or elsewhere; very brief reports of cases or o t h e r i t e m s of i n t e r e s t . L e t t e r s should not exceed three double-spaced, typed pages, with a m a x i m u m of ten references. Permission to publish must be granted in postscript.
KEY WORDS Provide a list of key words in accordance with Medical Subject Headings, Annotated Alphabetic List, published by the National Library of Medicine. Key words appear on the first page of published articles and are listed in the annual index in each December issue.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS All statistical techniques m u s t be identified and, when appropriate, referenced. Levels of statistical significance must be stated.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST Authors are required to disclose any commercial associations that might pose a conflict of interest in connection w i t h the s u b m i t t e d article. All funding sources supporting the work should be acknowledged on the title page. All affiliations with or financial i n v o l v e m e n t in any o r g a n i z a t i o n or entity with a direct financial interest in the subject m a t t e r or materials of the r e s e a r c h d i s c u s s e d (eg, e m p l o y ment, consuhancies, stock ownership or other equity interest, patent-licensing arrangements) should be cited in the cover letter. This information will be h e l d in confidence by the Editor d u r i n g t h e r e v i e w p r o c e s s . If t h e manuscript is accepted, the Editor will discuss with the author(s) how best to disclose the relevant information.
PERMISSIONS A n y s u b m i t t e d m a t e r i a l t h a t has b e e n p u b l i s h e d e l s e w h e r e m u s t be accompanied by the written consent of the author and publisher for reproduction in Annals. Photographs of recognizable subjects must be accompanied by a release, signed by the subject or responsible individual, authorizing p u b l i c a t i o n . C l e a r a n c e to p u b l i s h , where an i n s t i t u t i o n a l r e q u i r e m e n t , must be supplied. All studies involving h u m a n or a n i m a l r e s e a r c h m u s t be approved by an institution's human or animal subject review committee, and this approval must be noted in the article.
AUTHOR APPROVAL, REPRINTS Annals is not responsible for statem e n t s m a d e by a n y c o n t r i b u t o r . Authors should retain copies of all submitted material. All accepted manuscripts are subject to copyediting. A u t h o r s will receive an edited typescript for approval. No changes will be a c c e p t e d a f t e r t h e t y p e s c r i p t is approved. Authors are responsible for all s t a t e m e n t s m a d e in t h e t e x t , i n c l u d i n g any changes m a d e by the Editor or editorial staff. Authors may order reprints after publication. A form for this purpose, w i t h a copy of the