Comparison between four different nerve transfers - spinal accessory nerve, intercostal nerve, motor fascicles of the median and ulnar nerve has not clearly indicated a better alternative over the others.
REFERENCES 1. Medical Research Council. Aids to the Examination of the Peripheral Nervous System. Memorandum no. 45. London, United Kingdom: Her Majesty’s Stationery Ofﬁce; 1981. 2. Sungpet A, Suphachatwong C, Kawinwonggowit V. Transfer of one fascicle of ulnar nerve to functioning free gracilis muscle transplantation for elbow ﬂexion. ANZ J Surg. 2003;73(3):133e135. 3. Chuang DC, Carver N, Wei FC. Results of functioning free muscle transplantation for elbow ﬂexion. J Hand Surg Am. 1996;21(6):1071e1077. 4. Kay S, Pinder R, Wiper J, Hart A, Jones F, Yates A. Microvascular free functioning gracilis transfer with nerve transfer to establish elbow ﬂexion. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010;63(7):1142e1149. 5. Chim H, Kircher MF, Spinner RJ, Bishop AT, Shin AY. Free functioning gracilis transfer for traumatic brachial plexus injuries in children. J Hand Surg Am. 2014;39(10):1959e1966.
COI: There is no ﬁnancial information to disclose. Hypothesis: The osteocutaneous radial forearm free ﬂap (ORFFF) has become an increasingly utilized reconstructive tool, particularly when the morbidity of other donor sites - such as the iliac crest or ﬁbula - are less desirable. While initially associated with high donor site morbidity especially radius fractures - increased experience and prophylactic plating have decreased these risks. This study hypothesized that the rates of donor site complications in patients undergoing ORFFF harvest with prophylactic plating with a diaphyseal-metaphyseal plate would be similar to those seen with fasciocutaneous radial forearm free ﬂap harvest (FRFFF harvest). Methods: A retrospective review was performed for all patients who underwent osteocutaneous or fasciocutaneous radial forearm free ﬂap harvest with a single otolaryngology surgeon over a 3-year period. Patients requiring an osteocutaneous ﬂap underwent harvest of half of the diaphyseal diameter of the radius with prophylactic plating performed by an orthopaedic upper extremity surgeon. A 3.5/2.4mm diaphyseal-metaphyseal, volar distal radius, locking compression plate was used (Synthes. Paoli, PA, USA). Donor site outcomes including infection, skin graft loss, tendon exposure, neuropathy, fracture, hardware complications and donor site reoperation were compared between the groups. Two-tailed, Fischer’s exact test was used for data analysis. Results: Twenty-ﬁve patients underwent ORFFF harvest and 53 patients underwent FRFFF harvest. An average of 7.5cm of radius was harvested in the ORFFF group with only 1 radius fracture, occurring in association with a hardware infection which required hardware removal and re-plating of the radius. No fractures were reported in the FRFFF group. No other major donor site complications requiring re-operation were seen in either group. Similar rates of minor complications were seen with skin graft take less than 50% in 4% (n ¼ 1) and 7% (n ¼ 4) with ORFFF and FRFFF, respectively, and tendon exposure in 8% (n ¼ 2) and 15% (n ¼ 8) with ORFFF and FRFFF, respectively. No soft tissue infections or superﬁcial radial sensory neuropathies were seen. Mean follow-up was 14.2 months for the ORFFF group and 11.7 months for the FRFFF group. Summary Points: The risk of fracture following osteocutaneous radial forearm free ﬂap (ORFFF) harvest with this prophylactic plating technique is small, making it a safe donor site when an osteocutenous ﬂap is needed for reconstruction. Donor site complications including skin graft loss, tendon exposure, soft tissue infection and superﬁcial radial sensory neuropathy occurred at similar rates among patients undergoing osteocutaneous and fasciocutaneous ﬂap harvest.
PAPER 26 Clinical Paper Session 5: Hand/Wrist Reconstruction 3 Friday, September 30, 2016 11:32e11:37 AM Evaluation/Diagnosis; Treatment; Surgical Technique; Outcomes
Electrodiagnostic Severity and Carpal Tunnel Release Outcomes: A Prospective Analysis Level 2 Evidence
Clinical Paper Session 5: Hand/Wrist Reconstruction 3 Friday, September 30, 2016 11:25e11:30 AM Treatment; Surgical Technique; Prognosis/Outcomes
Michael Rivlin, MD Amir Reza Kachooei, MD Mark L. Wang, MD, PhD Asif Ilyas, MD
Donor Site Outcomes with Osteocutaneous versus Fasciocutaneous Radial Forearm Free Flap Harvest
COI: There is no ﬁnancial information to disclose.
Level 3 Evidence
Ellen Stolle Satteson, MD Joshua D. Waltonen, MD Adam C. Satteson, MD Benjamin C. Graves, MD S16
Hypothesis: The value of electrodiagnostic testing (EMG) severity as a prognostic indicator of clinical results following carpal tunnel release (CTR) remains controversial, and our current understanding is largely limited to retrospective reviews. The aim of this study was to (1) prospectively evaluate the degree of symptomatic and functional