Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary 26th ed.

Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary 26th ed.

134 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY field are described in detail. The discussion includes the use and merits of tonometers, static and kinetic pe...

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AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY

field are described in detail. The discussion includes the use and merits of tonometers, static and kinetic perimeters, both computerized and noncomputerized, tonography, and provocative tests. The chapter on gonioscopy is most instructive to the neophyte. It is interesting that the authors consider the Bjerrum tangent screen, which is still widely used in the United States, to be outdated because it lacks fixation control and standardized illustrations. It also should be noted that the MaklakofF, MacKay-Marg, and noncontact tonometers described have not been approved for use in West Germany. Tests for motility, fusion, diplopia, refraction, tear flow, and localization of intraocular foreign bodies and slit-lamp and ophthalmoscopic examinations are discussed clearly, but with less fervor. Many instruments, both German and non-German, are described and pictured, and the names of manufacturers are given. However, since monocular direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy are discussed in detail, more than one sentence should have been devoted to binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, a widely used technique. For the medical student, the first-year resident, and the practitioner in other fields, this book will be a useful and concise guide to the bewildering array of available tests. It should be especially valuable as a supplement to practical instruction in the clinic. The practicing ophthalmologist will need more comprehensive texts for reference, but will enjoy reading about the many new and important advances in diagnosis. MAX HIRSCHFELDER

Ophthalmic Electrodiagnosis. Volume 1 in the series Major Problems in Ophthalmology, 2nd ed. By N. R. Galloway.

JANUARY, 1982

London, England, Lloyd-Luke, 1981. Hardcover, 180 pages, index, 92 black and white figures. $30.50 This is the second edition of a book, first published in 1975, dedicated to clinical electrophysiology. The first part of the book is devoted primarily to the methods and theory of measuring electroretinograms, electro-oculograms, and visualevoked potentials and describes the equipment used and the responses obtained. The second part of the book covers the clinical applications, including the costs and organization of the clinic, and measuring responses. Five chapters are devoted to specific clinical problems: hereditary degenerations, acquired disorders, opacities, toxic disorders, and injuries. The text is clear and descriptive. There are ample illustrations. This book will be valuable to the ophthalmologist establishing a retinal function clinic. Further, the concise descriptions of typical results obtained in a wide variety of diseases will prove useful to the practicing clinician. VIVIANNE SMITH POKORNY

Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 26th ed. Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Co., 1981. Hardcover, 1,485pages, 240 illustrations. Standard edition, $32.50; indexed edition, $37.50 Twenty-six editions over a period of 81 years must make this one of the most venerable medical books still in use. There is a preface describing the computer as a lexicographic tool. It is easy to imagine how helpful the computer must be to the lexicographer who can store entries and bring them back from the computer's memory by pressing a button. The introductory essay on "Fundamentals of Medical Etymology" emphasizes

VOL.

93, NO. 1

BOOK

the indebtedness of our medical terminology to Latin and Greek. When I was in medical school, one of the first textbooks I bought was Dorland's "American Illustrated Medical Dictionary" (the 15th edition, published in 1929). A comparison of the 15th and the 26th editions quickly shows that lexicography is a dynamic subject. Both editions have two columns to a page. In a column picked at random, nine items included in the 15th edition have been dropped and five definitions added. A second randomly selected column shows five words dropped and nine added. According to my rough calculations, the 15th edition contained about 80,500 definitions and the 26th edition approximately 104,000. I highly recommend this work to anyone buying a medical dictionary for the first time and to anyone whose present dictionary has become outdated. DANIEL F . SNYDACKER

SYMPOSIA Clinical Applications of Visual Psychophysics. Edited by Luis M. Proenza, Jay M. Enoch, and Arthur Jampolsky. New York, Cambridge University Press, 1981. Hardcover, 304 pages, index, approximately 139 black and white figures. $39.95 ENOCH, J . M . , AND PROENZA, L . M . :

Introduction

GINSBURG, A. P . : Introduction to contrast sensitivity HESS, R. F . : Application of contrast-sensitivity techniques to the study of functional amblyopia BODIS-WOLLNER, I.: Physiological and clinical aspects of spatial-contrast-sensitivity measurements in patients with lesions of the retina and visual pathways LEVI,

D . M . , AND HARWERTH,

R. S.:

Supra-

threshold psychophysics for the investigation of strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia

REVIEWS

135

GINSBURG, A. P . : Spatial filtering and vision. Implications for normal and abnormal vision NAKAYAMA, K , AND JAMPOLSKY, A.:

Introduction

to infant vision TELLER, D . Y . : Infant psychophysics. The laboratory and the clinic HELD, R. M. : New methods of refracting and testing the visual resolution of infants SALAPETEK, P. : Behavioral and electrophysiological evaluation of the infant contrast-sensitivity function ENOCH, J . M . : Introduction to localization of anomalies RIPPS, H . : Rods, rhodopsin, and the visual response BERSON, E . L . : Hereditary retinal diseases. Applications of electrophysiological and psychophysical testing ENOCH, J . M . , FITZGERALD, C . R . , AND TEMME,

L . A.: Remission of anomalies. An important aid to analysis REGAN, D. : Visual psychophysical tests in multiple sclerosis as an aid to diagnosis, localization of pathology, and assessment of experimental therapy BROWN, J . L . : Summary of symposium presentations and panel discussion

Disorders of Binocular Vision and Methods of Its Restitution. Proceedings of the Symposium held in Moscow October 3-5, 1979. Edited by E . S. Avetisov. Moscow, Helmholtz Research Institute of Eye Disease, 1980. Hardcover, 159 pages, approximately 59 black and white figures. AVETISOV,

E . S.,

AND KASCHENKO, T. P . :

LANG, J . :

Microtropia

The

features of abnormal binocular vision in strabismus

BAGOLINI, B . : Some aspects of anomalous binocular vision in small-angle esotropias H ÜBER, A.: Neurophysiology of binocular vision and stereopsis PIGASSOU-ALBOUY, R . : Binocular sensory relations in convergent and divergent strabismus and an outline of therapy MOLNAR, L . : The relationship between refraction and strabismus