Game farming in Europe

Game farming in Europe

312 J. Hodges /Livestock Production Science 39 (1994) 299-314 Development of the dairy industry in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. H. S...

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312

J. Hodges /Livestock Production Science 39 (1994) 299-314

Development of the dairy industry in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. H. Schelhaas and M.P. Voorbergen. IDF41 Square Vergote, 1040 Brussels, Belgium. 1994.35pp., English and French.

The economic situation in a large number of Central and Eastern European countries is described, with special reference to the situation in the dairy farming sector and the dairy industry. The main features, the weaknesses and any strengths, the situation and the most recent developments are identified. Characterization of meadows in mountainous areas: Dairy cows in the mountains. 1994. FAOpublication number 30 in the REUR Technical Series. FAO, Rome, Italy. 140 pp.

This publication contains two separate reports in the same volume, which result from the 7th meeting of the working group on mountain pastures of the European Cooperative Research Network on Pastures and Fodder Crop Production. The meetings were held at Nyon, Switzerland in September 1991. Although the publication has been delayed, the contents remain valuable as the issues are long-term. Charactertzation of meadows in mountainous areas. The question is raised whether these meadows are sufficiently well known to be exploited in an optimal way. This meeting concentrated upon the methodological aspects characterizing these meadows. It was emphasized that this must include their capacity to serve animal production systems, rather than assessing them solely in botanical terms. This probably means broadening the field of vegetation descriptors to give the rate of senescence etc. The question of the balance and dynamics of permanent mountain grasslands was not dealt with fully and merits further study. The classical method of assessment analysis of the energy value applied to mountain pastures with a rich variety of plants was criticized and needs further work also. Dairy cows in the mountains. The traditional pastoral dairy systems in the Alps gives a good utilization of resources through producing cheese. These systems are passing through change and a whole new set of techniques are emerging. The question of cow buildings on the alpine pastures is controversial, and revolves around whether to replace them with more permanent buildings, to introduce mechanization with milking parlours or mobile milking units. Both reports are the result of project research and development and they give the impression of enthusiasm on the part of the authors who are involved and practical scientists. The papers are in English, French or German at the authors choice with abstracts in the other two languages.

definition of game farming between mammals such as red deer, fallow deer and wild boar on marginal lands on the one hand and the extensive raising of game animals on relatively poor lands on the other. This publication focusses more on the former, whereas the latter will depend more upon the herding of wild animals which are relatively undisturbed in their natural habitat. The book emphasizes the importance of welfare of animals. Public concern already exists and is likely to increase further. Country reports are presented from Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungry, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Slovakia, the UK and New Zealand. The book might have been of greater value for the reader if general conclusions had been presented. Environment. P.H. Raven, L.R. Berg and G.B. Johnson. 1993. Saunders College Publishing, Harcourt Brace and Company, 8th Floor, Orlando, Florida 32887, USA. ISBNO-O3-014329-2.533~~. Hardback.

This magnificent book flows out of the issues of the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. It is not an official publication of an organization. Rather it is the response of three concerned scientists who, as authors, want to contribute to a better understanding of how the physical world works. They place their encyclopgdic knowledge in the context of the accelerating changes taking place in the physical world as the human population continues to expand. Since 1950 world population has moved from 2.5 to 5.4 billion, a fifth of the topsoil supporting crop production has gone, a third to a half of the forests, depending on the region, have been cut, the atmosphere has undergone basic changes in carbon dioxide and ozone, thousands of species have been lost. Today 23% of the world population consumes 80% of production, a billion people live on $1 a day and half of them are malnourished. Three billion more people will be born by 2020, with a very high proportion of the world’s population then living in cities of the third world. Although the book presents this picture of the environment resulting from human activity, it is not a doomsday publication nor is it overcome by pessimism. Rather it seeks to informthe average person about the complexity and precise functioning of natural ecosystems. Soundly based in science, competent in fact, powerfully descriptive in format and attractive in design, this book is so comprehensive in its coverage, so thorough in its documentation and so well written that it will be at home in the hands of undergraduates, on the coffee table of the most eminent scientist or in the hands of any one seeking an overall picture of the environment.

Game farming in Europe. J. Boyazoglu and L. Hetenyi (Editors). 1994. FAO publication number 31 in the REUR Technical Series. FAO, Rome, Italy. 152 pp.

This report is the proceedings of a Technical Consultation at Nitra, Slovakia in September 1993 under the European System of Cooperative Research Networks in Agriculture (ESCORENA)Demand for game products,in Europe is increasing and the traditional supplies from hunters are inadequate, both in terms of quality and quantity. The growing influence of supermarkets and the regulatory role of governments in their concern with public health, quality standards and food safety means a new approach to the supply of foods that previously were regarded as seasonal. This book reviews the ability of game farming to meet this need. A distinction is made in the

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