Nutritional Status, USA
Current Issues in Nutrition-Part IV. How Well Fed is the Affluent American? Williams, E. R., 1973 (received Oct. 1975). From Telephone Lecture Network, Communications in Learning, Inc., 2929 Main St., Buffalo, NY 14214, cassette, 28'12 min., 4 pp. handout, $8.20. The lecturer, a nutritional scientist, admits at the outset that she will have no definitive answers for the audiencedue to lack of large-scale dietary studies. She also explains the difficulties of collecting accurate data and then evaluating them. Williams reviews the evidence concerning present nutritional status of affiuent Americans. Four tables are reproduced on the handout to refer to while she talks, and her pleasant, lively voice helps keep one's attention during the presentation. A bibliography of references mentioned in the talk is included. Revisions are now in order due to more recent surveys such as HANES, but a case is made for paying greater attention to trace elements and fiber in the diet, which is certainly as relevant today as in 1973. The tapes, which are updated periodically, would be of value to dietitians, nutrition and public health educators, students and consumer groups interested in nutritional status. Also available, same source: Nutrition Labeling and Food Advertising: Or Consumerism and the Dietitian, 1972, cassette, 24'12 min., printed handout, 33 pp., bibliography, 2 pp., $9.65. Pregnancy
Inside My Mom, 1975. From National Foundation/March of Dimes, P.O. Box 2000, White Plains, NY 10602, or available on loan from local March of Dimes offices; color filmstrip or 35-mm slides, 75 frames, cassette (manual or automatic signals), 7% min., teaching guide, 20 pp., $15/slides, $lO/filmstrip. Designed primarily for an adolescent audience, this audiovisual uses a cartoon fetus to "tell it like it is" inside Mom. The message comes through loud and clear that a mother's diet is very important to the unborn child. The humor of the filmstrip and appeal of the cartoon character introduces the topic of nutrition and pregnancy to adolescents in a~ e:}Sy, agreeable manner. The visual could be used in schools, clinics and waiting rooms, but the material is only an introduction to the topic and must be used along with follow-up discussion. Its light-hearted approach would appeal to adults as well as adolescents. Nutrition and Pregnancy Exhibit, undated (viewed Dec. 1975). From National Foundation/ March of Dimes, P.O. Box 2000, White Plains, NY 10602, or 38 / Journal of NUTRITION EDUCATION
contact local March of Dimes office for possible loan; 10 posters, 21"x21"; 2 posters, 10'h"x21"; $35.00 Posters of the Four Food Groups and others geared to create awareness of special nutritional needs of pregnant women make up this exhibit. Some posters picture people of various ethnic groups with captions; others have printed messages only-such as "Teenage mothers need to be extra careful to eat balanced meals during pregnancy." The information given is sound and easy to understand. Five of the posters are in color, the rest in black and white. One of the small posters listing "no no" foods including fried foods, spicy foods and fats in cooking seems in contradiction with the caution not to curb calories listed on another poster. Healthy Mother, Healthy Baby, 1975. From Alfred Higgins Productions, Inc., 9100 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90069, film, 16 mm, color, sound, 16 min., study guide, 1 p., purchase $240. Special dietary needs of women during pregnancy are discussed by recognized medical and nutritional experts in this film. The dietary requirements of pregnant teenagers are emphasized along with the importance of choosing snack foods from the Four Food Groups to meet total nutrient needs. Tips on shopping for low-cost protein-rich foods are also given. The positive outlook of healthy mothers filmed should be reassuring to young women during their first pregnancy. This is an excellent film for both teenage and adult audiences. Unfortunately, the roles of fathers have been completely overlooked in the film. Prenatal Care: Preparing for Parenthood, 1974 (viewed Dec. 1975). From Parents' Magazine Films, Inc., 52 Vanderbilt Ave., New York, NY 10017; set of 5 color filmstrips, each with a 20 pp. audio script booklet and cassette or 33 V3 rpm record (manual and automatic signals): No. I-Beginning a Family, 68 frames; No. 2-A Time of Change and Growth, 60 frames; No.3-Healthy Mother, Healthy Baby, 64 frames; No. 4-The Emotional Impact, 59 frames; No.5-Preparing for Birth, 62 frames; discussion guide, 4 pp., $49 per set with records, $58 with cassettes. While this entire series deals primarily with physical and emotional changes during pregnancy, the third filmstrip focuses on nutrition during pregnancy. The dependence of the fetus on the mother for all nutrients is emphasized, but the audience is never told in specific terms what the dietary requirements are for the mother.
School Food Service
Classroom and Cafeteria, Part 8, Food For Youth Series, undated (viewed Jan. 1976). From USDA, Food and Nutrition Information Center, National Agricultural Library, Rm. 304, Beltsville, MD 20705, film, 16 mm, color, sound, 30 min., free loan. Food For Youth Study Guide, FNS-140, 1975, from Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, 100 pp., $1.70. The "Food For Youth" film series originated some time ago, but the accompanying study guide has recently been revised. The film series was made to use for inservice training of school food service personnel. The objectives are to update and improve nutrition information as well as motivate school food service workers to use their skills to upgrade the diets and nutrition knowledge of students in the school. Part 8 is intended to show ways of including nutrition education in the school lunch program. Several examples of school lunch staff cooperating with teachers are illustrated. Unfortunately poor color quality, rather stiff interview situations with school food service personnel and school administrators and lack of creative camera techniques detracts from the sometimes useful information imparted. It is questionable whether school food service workers would remain attentive during this film unless exceptionally motivated. In general the study guide has clearly written objectives and information to supplement each film.
Elem.entary Eating Right With Harv and Marv, 1976. From Alfred Higgins Productions, Inc., 9100 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90069, film, 16 mm, color, sound, 10'12 min., study guide, 1 p., purchase $150. Two cartoon figures watch real boys and girls eating a picnic lunch with their teacher. She discusses the Four Food Groups with them, and the children evaluate their lunches to see if foods from all four groups are represented. One boy's chocolate bar sandwich (which he made himself) leads to a discussion of sweets and sugar's harmful effect on the teeth. The children are later shown making selections from a snack cart. They remember the teacher's discussion as they choose nutritious snacks of fruit, nuts and fruit juice. If peer infiuence affects the 5- to 8year-old, many youngsters may follow better snacking patterns after viewing the film. Vol. 8, No. I, January-March, 1976