cialists, another publication, which is definitely a significant contribution to existing knowledge on reclamation is now available to the wider professional readership. V.L. VANICEK
Grant W. Sharpe (Editor). 566 pp., $10.80, ISBN O-471--77896-6.
the Enuironment. 1976,
John Wiley and Sons,
This is a multi-author book with 20 contributors. The editor is to be congratulated in that the contributions combine well together in style and general treatment. By current standards, the book is lavishly illustrated with photographs and diagrams most of which are relevant to the text and convey an appropriate message succinctly. The title of the book is misleading for it is not concerned with the environment in general but with outdoor field situations, essentially those pertaining to national parks and similar recreation areas. Undoubtedly some of the techniques described would have a more general application. There are five major parts, namely The Interpretative Process of six chapters, Techniques of Znterpretation of ten chapters subdivided into two sections depending on whether the equipment is attended or unattended, Supporting Activities of eight chapters, Professional Development of two chapters and a final chapter entitled Interpretation around the world. Lists of references are given at the end of the chapters, there is an excellent index but no list of figures. An appropriate sub-title for the book would be “The U.S.A. A Case History”, almost all the examples given and the situations examined are from the U.S.A. Of the 566 pages, disappointingly only 15 are devoted to the world situation. There the contributor at least recognizes that other countries have had extraordinary success with their interpretative activities. However, the implication that the linkage between interpretation, appreciation and protection is an American philosophy about which others are becoming increasingly aware does less than justice to devoted and intelligent park managers and park interpreters of other countries. A general theme throughout the book is that money spent on good interpretation is money well spent. It is remarkable that, in a book which goes into great detail on many aspects of environment interpretation, no contributor provides hard facts to justify the allocation of significant funds for interpretation or to show that interpretation is effective and is what is wanted by the different social, age and ethnic groups who visit parks. Lack of factual back-
up data to justify the many broad assertions made is a major shortcoming of this book. Despite its limitations, the book is good value and I suspect most people concerned with national park management would gain benefit from reading it. Besides providing a valuable reference work for the growing number of courses relating to outdoor recreation, the book will also be of interest to others concerned with land management such as foresters and land planners. J.D. OVINGTON (Canberra,
TOURISM AND SANITATION
Guide to Sanitation in Tourist Establishments. J.A. Salvato. World Health Organization, Geneva, 141 pp., 1976, S. Fr 24.00, US $9.60, ISBN 92-154054-O. This is a highly informative, thoroughly practical, and very useful publication which should be widely disseminated throughout the world. Tourism is growing almost everywhere. Many countries, cities, and regions seek tourists for economic reasons. The citizens of almost all areas travel elsewhere, becoming tourists when they leave home. Both the receiving countries and the originating areas have genuine concern for the health, safety and comfort of travellers. The assembly of relatively large numbers of persons in modestly small areas, even for limited periods of time, creates serious problems of sanitation. This publication has been written to provide technical advice and guidance, especially to host areas and organizations. This report is written by an experienced sanitary engineer who has written standard textbooks in the field which have been widely used. The report has universal application, both in highly developed countries and in less developed ones. While much of the material is quantitative and specific, sometimes rather technical, the writing is clear and straightforward. In numerous places, the author outlines the ideal way in which to deal with some problem, but then provides practical suggestions for areas which may lack some of the facilities that would be helpful. The scope of the report is broad and encompassing, as a review of the chapter titles makes clear: Introduction; Site Selection and Planning; Water Supply; Sewage and Excreta Disposal; Shelter; Toilet and Bath Facilities; Refuse Handling and Disposal; Insect and Rodent Control; Food Sanitation; Swimming and Bathing Facilities; Caravan Camps (Travel Trailer Parks) and Camping Sites; Mass Gatherings; Medical and First-aid Services; and Other Facilities and Services. Appendices provide a checklist for the evaluation of tourist facilities, a discussion of emergency water treatment, and a statement