Iran deal and global health diplomacy In their Correspondence, Kamiar Alaei and colleagues (September, 2015)1 suggest that the Iran–USA relationship could be normalised through academic educational and research collaborations, which has been deﬁned as global health diplomacy. Diplomacy no longer only concerns power, security, and economics, but global challenges such as health. Foreign policies (eg, economic sanctions) can endanger health as well as promote it.2 The lifting of economic sanctions could stabilise, steadily driving up all prices including food to some extent, and address the limited availability of high quality drugs and medical devices.3 Sanctions have not only led to material shortages, but have also endangered mental health because of continuous threats. People exposed to stressful life events have higher mortality and morbidity.4 Moreover, research including medical research in Iran has suﬀered greatly during the international economic sanctions. One of the bibliometric indicators of a country’s scientiﬁc performance is the number of publications. According to Web of Science, the number of publications by Iranian authors in medical and health sciences has decreased from 23 409 in 2012 to 22 918 in 2013, whereas this number had been steadily increasing in the years before the economic and banking sanctions. In conclusion, the Iran nuclear deal is an opportunity to strengthen the academic and scientific relationship between Iran and the USA and to promote medical research activity and public health especially in Iran. Since Iranian citizens compose the sixth largest group of international practising physicians in the USA,5 and in view of the academic positions that Iranian-Americans hold, their role in a scientific relationship could be prominent.6
Copyright © Aloosh. Open Access article distributed under the terms of CC BY-NC-ND.
Mehdi Aloosh [email protected]
McGill University Health Center, Montreal, QC, Canada 1
Alaei K, Alaei A, Fox A. Strengthening US– Iranian relations through public health. Lancet Glob Health 2015; 3: e525–26. Kickbusch I. Global health diplomacy: how foreign policy can inﬂuence health. BMJ 2011; 342: d3154. Mohammadi D. US-led economic sanctions strangle Iran’s drug supply. Lancet 2013; 381: 279. Marmot M, Wilkinson R. Social determinants of health. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. United States Physician Workforce Issues. Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research. 2010. http://www.faimer.org/research/workforce. html (accessed Aug 15, 2015). Aloosh M. North America: US sanctions alarm physicians from Iran. Nature 2015; 522: 419.
I declare no competing interests.
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