Latin America and Central America

Latin America and Central America

Governmenr Publicatiom Review, Vol. 8B, pp. 209-211, Printed in the USA. All rights reserved. LATIN AMERICA AND THOMAS Director of the Library, ...

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Governmenr Publicatiom Review, Vol. 8B, pp. 209-211, Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.




THOMAS Director

of the Library,



0196-3368/81/040209-03$02.00/0 Copyright @ 1981 Pergamon Press Ltd





Centroamericano de Administracibn Managua, Nicaragua


de Empresas,


Postal 2485.

Empleo para Amkrica Latina y el Caribe (PREALC), Casilla 618, Santiago, Chile. (Other publications of PREALC described in this article are available from the same address.) Salaried workers constitute the principal socioeconomic group in the productive apparatus of Latin America. This document analyses salaried workers with lowest incomes engaged in non-agricultural activities. It measures their importance and identifies their principal characteristics.

1030. Agua, Desarrollo y Medio Ambiente en Amkrica Latina: Informe. Santiago de Chile, Naciones Unidas, Comisi6n Econ& mica para Amtrica Latina, Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente, 1980. 443 pp. Available from Comisi6n Econbmica para Amtrica Latina (CEPAL), Distribucibn y Venta de Publicaciones, Casilla 179-D, Santiago, Chile. (Other publications of CEPAL described in this article are available from the same address). Presents a synthesis of the principal findings of a Latin American regional research project whose purpose is to contribute to the improvement of the planning and utilization of water resources, taking especially into account the necessity of conciliating the demands imposed by accelerated economic development and environmental protection. The first part of the document is an analysis of the environmental aspects of water management; this analysis is based on nine case studies presented in the second part. Five of the case studies are concerned with regulated water projects such as irrigation and diversion (Peru, Venezuela, Mexico, Brazil) and four discuss water systems in urban-industrial complexes (Colombia, Chile, Brazil).

Transnacionales y el 1032. Los Bancos Financiamiento Externo de Amhica Latina: la Experiencia de1 Per& 19651976, by Robert Devlin. Santiago de Chile, Comisi6n Econ6mica para Amtrica Latina, 1980.265 pp. (E/ CEPAL/ G. 1124) Attempts to analyze in comprehensive form the loans granted by private commercial banks to a developing country. The study proposes to make available data previously inaccessible and to evaluate in a critical form the effect of banking activity on economic development. Although the document discusses specifically the case of Peru, a great part of the data and the analysis refer to the global question of the concession of commercial bank loans to developing countries, and therefore have a more general application.

1031. Asalariados de Bajos Ingresos y Salaries Minimos en Amhica Latina. Santiago de Chile, Oficina International de Trabajo, Programa Regional de1 Empleo para AmCrica Latina y el Caribe, 1980. 137 pp. (Series: Investigaciones sobre Empleo, 18). Available from Programa Regional de1



Cepalindex: Reslimenes de Documentos CEPAL/ILPES, 1305-1718, Vol. 3. No. 1, 1980. Santiago de Chile, Naciones Unidas CEPAL/ CLADES, 1980. 301 pp. The first part of this periodical document



consists of summaries of 414 documents produced by the Economic Commission for Latin America and by the Latin American Institute for Economic and Social Planning. The second part is comprised of seven indices to the summaries. An indispensable guide to the publications of the major producers of socioeconomic information on Latin America. The two previous volumes were published in 1977 and 1979 under the title Cladindex. 1033a. El Desarrollo de America Latina en 10s Altos Ochenta. Santiago, Comisibn Economica para America Latina, 198 I. 122 pp. (E/CEPAL/G.IlSO) It is the intention of this document to present in succinct form an evaluation of the principal problems of development prevalent in Latin America, and a global analysis of the strategies and policies that should be promoted in order to advance the economic and social progress of the countries of the region.


Papers presented at a seminar organized by the commission as part of a project to analyze critical or extreme poverty in Latin America. The seminar was given in order to publicize the results of the research being done and to stimulate the interchange of experiences among countries. The papers in the document are arranged in five principal categories: (I) The present situation, evolution of policies and their orientation; (2) Rural and urban poverty; (3) Relation of poverty to labor and capital markets; (4) Poverty and policies of redistribution; and (5) International trade and employment.



1036. Centroamerica: Balanza de Pages, 1979. San Jose, Costa Rica, Consejo Monetario Centroamericano, 1980. I13 pp. (Available from the publisher, Apartado Postal 5438, San Jose, Costa Rica) An analysis of the balance of payments situation published annually. In five parts: (1) Summary and conclusions; (2) Regional balance of payments; (3) Central American Common Market; (4) Balance of payments by countries; (5) Statistical appendix.

1034. Estrategia para 10s Paises Caribeiros en el Tercer Decenio para el Desarrollo. Santiago, CEPAL/ILPES, 1980. 23 pp. (E/CEPAL/G.l132) An interesting, concise document on the uniqueness of the Caribbean’s developing Macroeconomicas de economies: historical background, the crisis 1036a. Estadisticas Centroamerica, 1970-1979. Guatemala, Secrein the evolution of the Caribbean in the taria Permanente de1 Tratado General de decade of the 197Os, the present crisis and Integration Economica Centroamericana internal forces favorable to change; the (SIECA), 1980. 52 pp. (Available from the challenges and goals of the 198Os, policies, publisher, Apartado Postal 1237, Guatemeasures and actions. mala) Tables of economic statistics prepared for 1034a. Estudio Economico de America Latina, 1979. the purpose of analysing the economies of Santiago de Chile, Naciones Unidas, the Central American countries. Of special Comisibn Economica para America Latina, interest are the consumer price indices for 1980. 523 pp. (E/CEPAL/G.l144) each country. This year’s annual study of the Latin American economy is divided into two 1037. Integration Economica y Empleo: Algunos parts. The first covers the economic evoluElementos para el Caso Centroamericano. tion of Latin America with chapters on the Santiago de Chile, Organization Internainternational context, economic growth, the cional de1 Trabajo, Programa Regional del external sector and inflation. The second Empleo para America Latina y el Caribe, part describes the economic evolution of the 1979. 33 pp. individual countries. Cuba, which appeared This document analyses the relationships in the Esrudio of 1978 for the first time since between foreign trade, employment and the 1963, is again included. principal instruments of economic integration. It also considers some problems that 1035. iSe Puede Superar la Pobreza? Realidad y need to be taken into consideration upon Perspectivas en America Latina. Santiago defining a tariff policy and also explains de Chile, Comision Econdmica para some elements related to the promotion of America Latina, Programa de las Naciones exports and the substitution of imports Unidas para et Desarrollo. 1980. 286 pp. within the framework of Central America. (E/ CEPAL/ G. I 139)

Latin America and Central America

1038. Series Estadisticas Seleccionadas de CentroamMca y Panamh. No. 16. Guatemala, SIECA, 1980. 140 pp. Contains the most important statistical data available on population, foreign trade, public finance, balance of payments, national accounts, money and banking, industry, agriculture and prices. In some categories, the data are retroactive until the 1960s. Although intended to be annual, the previous number of this document was published in 1975. Data on foreign trade and prices of the region can be obtained on a more up-todate basis from another publication of

SIECA, Integracidn four times in 1980.





1039. La Situacih Ocupacional en Centroamkrica y Panamh. Santiago, Organizacih lhernacional de1 Trabajo, Programa Regional de1 Empleo para Amtrica Latina y el Caribe, 1978. 50 pp. The first part of this document describes different aspects of the employment problem in the Central American countries. The second part analyses the employment situation described in the first part.