Nanomaterials Chemistry: Recent Developments and New Directions

Nanomaterials Chemistry: Recent Developments and New Directions

BOOKS & MEDIA Nanomaterials Chemistry: Recent Developments and New Directions C. N. R. Rao, et al. (eds.) Wiley • 2007 • 420 pp ISBN: 978-3-527-31664...

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BOOKS & MEDIA

Nanomaterials Chemistry: Recent Developments and New Directions C. N. R. Rao, et al. (eds.) Wiley • 2007 • 420 pp ISBN: 978-3-527-31664-9 $185 / £95 / 142.50 This handbook presents an overview of the latest developments in nanomaterials, ranging from theory, synthesis, properties, and characterization to some of the more common applications such as optoelectronics. Topic areas include a description of quantum dots, nanoporous materials, nanowires, nanotubes, nanostructured polymers, and the growth of nanoparticles.

Low-Dimensional Nanoscale Systems On Discrete Spaces Erhardt Papp and Codrutza Micu World Scientific • 2007 • 276 pp ISBN 978-981-270-638-6 $71 / £39 Low-Dimensional Nanoscale Systems On Discrete Spaces gives a brief description of lattice structures and discretizations, periodic quasiperiodic and confinement potentials, and time discretization schemes. An insight into discrete Schrödinger equations is provided with some examples. The text also looks at quantum oscillations and interference effects in nanodevices.

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook Masuo Hosokawa, et al. (eds.) Elsevier • not yet published • 900 pp ISBN: 978-0-444-53122-3 $295 / £170 / 245 This handbook details the basic properties of nanoparticles and nanostructural materials, including their characterization methods. It gives over 40 application examples and provides readers with ideas and hints on how to improve the performance of advanced functional materials.

Expert Graduate Undergraduate

Pushing small molecules around Although scanning probe microscopy is primarily an imaging technique, it has now become one of the major tools for manipulation of nanostructures. H. Allen O. Hill | University of Oxford, UK | [email protected]

Much of the work described in this important book will come as a great surprise to those who have only a passing acquaintance with the various ramifications of scanning probe microscopies (SPMs). I would have preferred an introductory chapter (by the editor, perhaps?) in which were described the highlights of the SPM method. Some flavor of these is contained in Chapter 3, Molecular Repositioning to Study Mechanical and Electronic Properties of Large Molecules, by Francesca Moresco beginning with the now-classical image of a quantum corral built for 48 Fe atoms on Cu(111). As it is, the first chapter, Nanoscale Structural, Mechanical and Electrical Properties by De Feyter and De Schryver, discusses the chirality of adsorbed molecules in considerable detail. This would have been fine later in the volume. Perhaps I am not taking account of the manner in which books like this are typically read: like choosing from liquorice allsorts, favorites are selected first! The thought-provoking suggestion over thirty years ago by Aviram and Ratner of a molecular diode that led to the birth of molecular electronics is highlighted by Jäckel and Rabe in the chapter titled Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy of Complex Molecular Architectures at Solid/Liquid Interfaces: Toward SingleMolecule Electronic Devices. I was less well-acquainted with the work described in Inelastic Electron Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Single Molecules by STM by Pascual and Lorente. The amount of information that has become available on, say, benzene adsorbed on Ag(110) is striking. Though many of the figures are illuminating, what the book needs is an accompanying disc that would enable the reader to witness the movement of the adsorbed molecules. For example, in the repositioning of the polycylic aromatic, which is called a ‘lander molecule’, it would have really impressed the reader to witness the movement across the surface. In spite of the large amount of literature on both single- and multiwalled nanotubes, I was disappointed that they were rarely mentioned except in a small section, Electrical Properties of Nanoscale Objects, by de Pablo, Navarro, and Gómez-Herroro. I would have thought that nothing exemplifies a molecular

wire better than a nanotube. Perhaps, just as the book concentrates on work produced in the last decade, this must await the next volume. Some of the chapters are more difficult to assess though this may reflect the propensity of the reviewer. Thus, Theory of Elastic and Inelastic Transport from Tunneling to Contact by Lorente and Brandbyge may be necessary for the achievement of a proper understanding but is too far removed (for me) from the excitement of the subject. In contrast, Atomic Force Microscopy-Based Single-Molecule Force Spectroscopy of Synthetic Supramolecular Dimers and Polymers by Zou, Schönherr, and Vancso, covers many fascinating substances from crown ethers to charge-transfer complexes dealing with the manner by which SPM methods can be deployed. I was surprised there was so little on the SPM of biological molecules. Of course, there is the obligatory discussion of the SPM of DNA: the ability to move, reposition, and fragment molecules, much referred to elsewhere, would have its really interesting target in both Paolo Samori (ed.) Scanning Probe Microscopies Beyond Imaging: Manipulation of Molecules and Nanostructures Wiley-VCH • 2006 • 570 pp • ISBN: 3-527-31269-2 $195 / £100 / 150

single- and double-stranded DNA. Strangely, this is mainly described in Mechanical Properties of Single Molecules: A Theoretical Approach by De Santis, Paparcone, Savino, and Scipioni. The subject would have been better served if it had been accompanied by a complete chapter on DNA. Proteins and enzymes are barely discussed except in the chapter by Laforge and Mirkin on Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy beyond Imaging. Based primarily on the striking work of Bard, this interesting method has found a number of exemplifications in enzymatic chemistry, not least in the study of the so-called ‘wired’ enzymes. However, I enjoyed reading much of the book and would recommend it to those concerned both with the use of SPMs and with their exploitation in the construction of elegant devices.

AUGUST 2007 | VOLUME 2 | NUMBER 4

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