WCPT Congress 2015 / Physiotherapy 2015; Volume 101, Supplement 1 eS833–eS1237
Funding acknowledgements: The trial is funded by Great Ormond Street Hospital Children’s Charity. Ethics approval: Ethics approved by South East Kent Research Ethics Committee (REC 107522/33863/1/748) and registered on ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01889927). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1778 Research Report Poster Presentation Number: RR-PO-05-13-Sun Sunday 3 May 2015 12:15 Exhibit halls 401–403 ACTIVITY IN THE AFTER SCHOOL CARE—EVALUATION OF THE PRACTICABILTIY OF A PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAM I. Mairhofer, E. Neuhold University of Applied Sciences for Health Professions Upper Austria, Physiotherapy, Steyr, Austria Background: The decrease in physical activity of children in developed societies and the consequential long term effects on health and development is a major challenge already today and for the future. Therefore the Upper Austrian Department of Health in collaboration with the University of Applied Sciences for Health Professions (Physiotherapy Program) drafted a physical activity program for after school care, based on general criteria of health promotion (e.g. empowerment, multiplicative approach, etc.). A pilot project in selected after school care facilities started in the school year 2013/14. Purpose: In order to assess the practicability and impact of the physical activity program the pilot project was accompanied by a detailed evaluation covering the current situation in the facilities regarding resources and existing activity programs as well as the quality, practicability and acceptance of the program and the changes in the children’s physical activity. Methods: The once-a-week physical activity program included examples of activity lessons as well as guidance and training courses for pedagogues. 30 after school care facilities with 802 children (aged 6 to 14 years) participated to the pilot project. Several qualitative and quantitative measures were collected using questionnaires throughout the project. These questionnaires covered the activity of the children, the current situation in the facilities, satisfaction with the activity offers a.s.o. Parents, children and pedagogues answered the questions before and after the pilot phase. Additionally the motivation of children and usability of the lessons were documented by pedagogues and special movement specialists for each lesson. To further assess the quality of the activity lessons and to gain deeper insight focus groups were undertaken.
Results: The evaluation of the starting situation primarily reflected the low level of physical activity of children. Sufficient resources of room and materials are available in the after school care facilities, but were not frequently used, most likely because of missing knowledge about how to design adequate activity offers. The analysis of the focus groups revealed a high quality of the program regarding practicability and a high level of acceptance: 87% of the pedagogues felt their expectations were fulfilled well or very well. 61% of the facilities were able to optimize their activity offers. 74% of the children liked the lessons and showed changes in physical activity also in other settings. They improved their motoric skills, were highly motivated and participated with own ideas. The parents judged the project mainly positive (58%) or partly positive (25,4%). Conclusion(s): The results of the evaluation showed that it’s possible to integrate a once-a-week physical activity program, built upon general health promotional criteria, in the daily routine of Upper Austrian after school care facilities. During the 9-month pilot project the participating children improved their motoric, psycho-social and psycho-emotional skills. Implications: The pilot project built the basic for a 3year physical activity program in after school care in Upper Austria, starting in September 2014. Pedagogues are provided with detailed activity lessons, guidance and trainings and are advised how to use the resources of their facilities effectively. Keywords: Health promotion; Physical activity program; After school care Funding acknowledgements: The evaluation was financed by the University of Applied Sciences and the Department of Health Upper Austria. Ethics approval: there was no permission necessary. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1779 Special Interest Report Poster Presentation Number: SI-PO-20-02-Sun Sunday 3 May 2015 13:00 Exhibit halls 401–403 NO EVIDENCE? NO PROBLEM! M. Maitland University of Washington, Rehabilitation Medicine, Seattle, USA Background: Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) focuses on epidemiological validity of published studies to gather information. The Cochrane Collaboration, for example, stipulates a focus on randomized trials. An issue with restricted information sources has been called the “no evidence fallacy.” Information may be ignored because it does not fit the EBP philosophy even when it is important to patient care. For example, a systematic review concluded there was not enough
WCPT Congress 2015 / Physiotherapy 2015; Volume 101, Supplement 1 eS833–eS1237
evidence to recommend mobility aids . Published papers voice frustration regarding the lack of “evidence” even when faced by relatively common situations . However, there are other, structured approaches to evaluating clinically-relevant literature that do not use the EBP format. Purpose: To increase awareness of clinically relevant information synthesis strategies when the EBP approach provides insufficient guidance for patient care. Methods: Information was evaluated from current, physical therapy-related literature. “Information” was defined as knowledge derived from facts or experiences that can affect patient-care behaviors, decisions, or outcomes by increasing understanding or decreasing uncertainty . Where information was published but not in keeping with EBP criteria, it was categorized according to published strategies. Results: The Osteoarthritis Research Society used consensus (relatively weak) to recommend walking aids for people with knee osteoarthritis despite lack of randomized trials . The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons did not find strong evidence for their 29 questions related to treatment of distal radial fractures, but that did not prevent them from using a risk-benefit approach to recommend hand exercises . Subirats et al.  used an experiential model to describe the development and implementation of a social network for over 2500 people with neurological impairments. Kjeken et al.  used a casuistic (science-based) model, as recommended by Torelli , to extrapolate theories of exercise to people with hand osteoarthritis. Malay and Chung  used the Bradford Hill  causation approach to assess whether vitamin C should be used to prevent chronic regional pain syndrome after radial fractures. Rutten et al.  used a knowledge translation (relatively strong) approach supplemented by theories of change to implement low back pain guidelines. Conclusion(s): Ultimately, information relates to the effectiveness of patient-specific care. Diversity of information allows policy makers and clinicians to evaluate strengths, weaknesses and potential risks systematically by prioritizing information. Examples from published papers can be used as templates for problem-solving when EBP is uninformative or information is ignored. Implications: Physical therapists should consider collecting wide-ranging information and evaluating the nature of that information according to several synthesis approaches. Each method has strengths and weaknesses that might be useful in the context of problem-solving. Keywords: Evidence based practice; Information synthesis; Clinical reasoning Funding acknowledgements: No funding was received for this study. Ethics approval: No ethics approval was required for this study.
References  Salminen A-L et al., 2009, doi:10.2340/16501977-0427.  Parker LE et al., 2009, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2009.01209.x.  BuisnessDictionary.Com. Information. http://www.businessdictionary. com/definition/information.html.  McAlindon TE et al., 2014, doi:10.1016/j.joca.2014.01.003.  Lichtman DM et al., 2010, doi:10.2106/JBJS.938ebo.  Subirats L et al., 2013, doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2013.09.001.  Kjeken I et al., 2014, doi:10.3109/11038128.2014.941394.  Tonelli MR. 2007, PMCID 17683284.  Malay S, Chung KC. 2014, doi:10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.08.009.  Bradford HA. The environment and disease: association or causation? Proc Royal Soc Med 1965;58:295–300.  Rutten GM et al., 2014, doi:10.1186/2049-3258-72-1.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1780 Research Report Poster Presentation Number: RR-PO-18-16-Mon Monday 4 May 2015 13:00 Exhibit halls 401–403 MANAGEMENT OF LOW BACK PAIN AT PRIMARY CARE LEVEL IN SOUTH AFRICA: UP TO STANDARDS? M. Major-Helsloot 1,2 , L. Crous 1 , K. Grimmer-Somers 1,3 , Q. Louw 1 1 Stellenbosch
University, Physiotherapy Division, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa; 2 Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences/Hogeschool van Amsterdam, European School of Physiotherapy, Amsterdam, Netherlands; 3 University of South Australia, International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, School of Health Sciences, Adelaide, Australia Background: Primary Health Care (PHC) is well suited for management of acute, subacute or chronic low back pain (LBP). Prevalence of (chronic) LBP is suspected to be high among visitors of the South African primary care centers, but currently no information exists on prevalence or guideline adherence. Purpose: To establish if treatment received for LBP in public PHC in the Cape Town area compares with international evidence based guidelines. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted to address the study aim. Cluster randomization determined the 8 community health centres where the study took place. The Primary Health Low Back Pain Questionnaire (PHLBPQ) was developed and validated for this population. Descriptive analysis and logistic regression analytical techniques were applied. Results: 489 participants (mean age: 44.8) were included in this study. The larger part of the sample (67,5%) were of very low socio economic status (< $100 per month). Lifetime prevalence of LBP was 73.2% and 26.3% suffered from chronic low back pain (CLBP). Pain medication was the only