Pathology of the Kidney

Pathology of the Kidney

436 BOOK REVIEWS Guides to Clinical Aspiration Biopsy: Flow Cytometry. PHILIPPE VIELH.Igaku-Shoin, New York, Tokyo, 1991. ISBN 0-89640-204-5,pp. xv+...

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Guides to Clinical Aspiration Biopsy: Flow Cytometry. PHILIPPE VIELH.Igaku-Shoin, New York, Tokyo, 1991. ISBN 0-89640-204-5,pp. xv+ 173. AUD $99.00 Dr Vielh and his collaborators are to be congratulated on having produced an informative and yet concise monograph on flow cytometry, one in the series Guides to Clinical Aspiration Biopsy. The book manages to explain flow cytometry well for the non-expert, while including enough detail to make it a valuable reference for practitioners of the art. The chapters are appropriate, covering the background of flow cytometry, quality control and practical methodology, and the use of flow cytometry in diagnosis, evaluation, prognosis and treatment of malignant disease. A final chapter on perspectives by Myc rounds the volume off well. The production of the book is excellent. The illustrations, many in colour, are concise and informative and excellent appendices with useful practical information are provided. I would recommend this to anyone interested in aspiration biopsy as well as to scientists working in flow cytometry who want a concise informative reference. P. C . Vincent

Pathology (1993), 25, October of important topics in this chapter by a well known author in the field Dr. Andrew Churg. Chapter 14 is titled “Scanning electron microscopy of the lung” and details the preparation and the nature of the specimen involved, and there is a section on scanning electron microscopy and pulmonary diseases which is the last part of the chapter. Most of this book relates to the investigation of normal lung structure with only a limited section involving the diagnoses of neoplasia which is examined in much more detail in volume 44.This series of volumes on lung biology and health and disease proposes an encyclopedic series of volumes and in the nature of things there has to be some overlap. These volumes suffer from multi-author difficulties, but overall they are masterful expositions of the topics they have proposed to deal with.

Bruce Warren Pathology of the Kidney 4th ed. ROBERTH. HEPTINSTALL. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, Toronto, London. ISBN 0-316-35800-2.

This is the fourth edition of a classic book on Renal Pathology. It started life in 1966 as a single volume book and has grown to 2 volumes in 1983 and 3 volumes in this 4th edition. This reflects the increase in our knowledge of renal disease. There are a number of significant differences between this and previous editions. The book has increased in Lung Biology in Health and Disease Series. Executive editor CLAUDE size with a corresponding increase in content. New concepts and entiLENFANT,Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1990. Vol 44: Surgical ties have been included and existing knowledge has been reorganized M. MARCHEVSKY. and better presented. The increased volume and larger format of this Pathology of Lung Neoplasms. Edited by ALBERTO ISBN 0-8247-8106-6, pp. xiv+709, US$180.00 Vol 45: The Lung in book has enabled more material to be included, comprising many of AND GUY A. Rheumatic Diseases. Edited by GRANTW. CANNON the recent advances that have been made in renal pathology over the ZIMMERMAN. ISBN 0-8247-8211-9, pp. xvii + 545, US$150.00. Vol48: last 10 yrs. When this book was first published it was debatably the Electron Microscopy of the Lung. Edited by DEANE. SCHRAUSNAGEL. most authoritative book on renal pathology. However, it is now in ISBN 0-8247-8319-0, pp. + xv 612, US$210.00. competition from recently published books on renal pathology, most notably Renal Pathology by Tisher and Brenner. Professor Robert Currently there are 48 volumes in the series and the most recent of the Heptinstall has included new authors to deal with advancing areas in volumes is volume 48. The volumes cover all aspects of lung biology renal pathology. In Volume 1 are chapters on Anatomy, Development, including infectious reactions, biochemical basis, bioengineering aspects, Developmental defects and cystic diseases of the kidney; Immunologic metabolic functions, respiratory defence mechanisms, etc. These volumes aspects of renal disease; Classification of glomerulonephritis- Focal and relate directly to the pathology of the lung. Volume 44, The Surgical proliferative forms of glomerulonephritis- Recurrent hematuria; Acute Pathology of Lung Neoplasms is published on glossy paper with excelpostinfectious glomerulonephritis and glomerulonephritis complicating lent monochrome illustrations, many of which however occupy half persistent bacterial infection; Primary and secondary forms of IgA the page. There are abundant electron micrographs throughout the text nephritis, Schonlein-Henoch syndrome; Membranoproliferative and there is a separate chapter by Robert L. Van der Velde titled “Ultrasglomerulonephritis; Membranous glomerulonephritis; Crescentic tructural methods for the classification of malignant tumours of the glomerulonephritis; Antiglomerular basement membrane antibody lung.” There are also in the ultimate 2 chapters, chapters on “Immunodisease. Volume I1 includes chapters on end-stage renal disease; The histochemistry of lung tumours” and new techniques for the study of nephrotic syndrome; Systemic lupus erythemztous and mixed conneclung tumors. The latter chapter includes tissue culture studies of lung tive tissue disease; Hypertension I-essential hypertension; Hypertension neoplasms, monoclonal antibodies against lung cancer antigens and 11- secondary hypertension and many others. Volume 111 deals with oncogene expression in lung carcinomas, flow cytometry and digital Urinary tract infection and clinical features of pyelonephritis; image analysis of lung tumors. Pyelonephritis- pathologic features; Calcium and the kidney; Diabetes In volume 45, The Lung in Rheumatic Diseases, the authors in the mellitus and many others. There is no separate chapter on renal tumors. preface consider that our understanding of pulmonary involvement in The style of the book is easy to read. The contents are up to date and rheumatic diseases is still evolving and that the rheumatic patient with the authors place emphasis on conventional views rather than more lung disease presents diagnostic challenges, requires management skills controversial ones. This is exemplified by the section on classification and poses perplexing questions in the interrelationship of these organ of glomerulonephritis. Robert Heptinstall still prefers the more simple systems. The chapters are divided into a number of different parts which classification of glomerulonephritisin contrast to the ones found in other are titled Part 1 “Pathogenesis of concurrent lung and joint disease” renal text books. The classification is slightly different to the WHO (2 chapters), Part 2 “Evaluation of structural and functional alteraclassification but one which I personally find easy to follow. Each tions in the lungs of patients with lung diseases”, (chapters 3 to 7), Part chapter and section is set out with appropriate subheadings. Histor3 “Pulmonary involvement with rheumatic diseases (chapters 8 to 14) ical, clinical, pathological and research aspects of various topics are and Part 4 “Multisystem disorders involving the lungs and joints” discussed. Some important sections, for example, cyclosporine toxicity (chapters 15 to 17). There are a number of photomicrographs. are rather brief. In my view this is unfortunate as it is one of the more Volume 48, Electron Microscopy of the Lung. There are 2 parts to important areas in diagnostic renal pathology. There are many good this text, Part 1 “Electron microscopy as a research tool to investigate quality photomicrographs; none are in colour. This book is more copithe normal lung and its change with disease” (chapters 1 to 10) and ously illustrated and includes many more electron micrographs than Part 2 “Electron microscopy as a clinical tool” (chapters 1 1 to 14). previous editions. References are up to date. I have no particular critiChapter 1 1 is titled “Diagnostic pathology: neoplasia” and consists of cisms except to say that it is an expensive book. It is a very good and pages 345 to 428; chapter 12 is “Electron microscopy in diagnostic comprehensive text and reference book in nephropathology for both pathology: nonneoplastic disease” and consists of pages 429 to 490; the pathologist and clinician. chapter 13 is titled “The pathogenesis of asbestos-related disease in L. C. J. Yong humans: studies by analytical electron microscopy”. There are a number