Aside from its scientific interest, the Congress offered the opportunity to place the Association on a firm basis as a permanent world-wide organization to advance the study of allergy. This will not replace the various national and local allergy societies, but will rather strengthen them by a free interchange of information and ideas. The Association merits the support, of all allergy societies and allergists. Dr. Wittich is to be congratulat,ed for his vision in planning the organization and his work in bringing it to reality. TV.
REPORT OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ALLERGY COMMITTEE FOR, THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ALLERGY, ZURICH, SWITZERLAND, AND TIIE INTERNATIONAT) ASSOCIATION OF ALLER~GOLOGT The First International Congress in the field of allergy was held in Zurich, Switzerland, September 23 to 29, 1951, under the combined auspices of the International Association of Allergology, initiated several years ago by Dr. Fred W. Wittich of Minneapolis, the Swiss Federal Council, the governments of the Canton and of the City of Zurich, the University of Zurich, and of several national and local Swiss medical societies. Its honorary president was Dr. h. c. PH. Et,ter, Head of the Swiss Department of the Interior (its president was Dr. Ch. W. Loeffler, Professor in the Hygiene Institute of the University of Zurich, and president of the Swiss Allergy Society). Attending the Congress were physicians from thirty-nine nations of five continents, including those from such distant lands as Indonesia, Persia, India, and South Africa. The total registration of physicians and guests was about six hundred. Over thirty members of the American Academy of Allergy, including foreign members, were in attendance in Zurich. Brazil sent a clelegation of nine or ten doctors. Official delegations were sent by many national governments, including one appointed by the Division of International Conferences, U. S. Department of State, and headed by Dr. Art,hur Stull of the Office of the Surgeon General of the Army. The scientific assembly met from Monday, September 24, to Saturday noon, September 29, with the papers grouped under eight major topics. The morning sessions were given over to presentations up to forty-five minutes in length. During the afternoons, three sessions were held simultaneously at which many short reports were read. Altogether nearly 150 papers were given. Among the leaders on the program from the United States were Dr. A. R. Rich of Baltimore, and Dr. M. G. Bohrod of Rochester, N. Y. Although the speakers were privileged to use the language of their choice, French, German, and English were the most used. The large colitingent from the English-speaking nations appreciated the courtesy of the many nationals in using English so frequently. The Swiss doctors and others on the local committees did a magnificent job in arranging hotel accommodations and in carrying out the innumerable details for the scientific meetings and for the entertainment. To Prof. A. S.
Cirumbach of Zurich, Secretary (:rneral 01 the ( ‘ongress. go the cordial thanks of everyone for his ready skill in meeting all situations arising during the week, and for his unfailing courtesy and gootl hutllor. A reception was hel(l in the Zurich (‘ongress Housr on Sunday evening. September 23, following the formal opening of the (‘ongress. An evening party was held on Tuestlay at. the J)ol(\cr (/rall(l JIotcl. On Thursday, about three hundred doctors made an all-day excursion by motor bus to Basel. There an excellent, scientific I)rogr;r~l~ ~vas prcsrntctl ill the auditorium of the University of BaseI. After lunch, \Gits wire l~la(le to the ph:rrmaaeutical plants of Ciba, Hoffman-La, lioche, ant1 Sandoz. The research departments of these companies had many rsI)criment;rl tlel~~onstt~;~tions in progress, which were ably explained by their chiels oi’ rcsearc~h. The official banquet, was held OH I<‘riday, I’rof. Lorffler presiding. Prof. Grumbach made a brief speech in English, which he then repeated in German, French, Italian, ant1 Spanish. Kntertainmcnt was provitled by an orchestra and by an excellent Swiss Mgnnerrhor \zhich included some very fine yodlers. ,An unusual feature was a performance by a flag juggler, who did extraordinary and beautiful things with a large silk Swiss flag on a short staff. Simultaneously with the scientific sessiolls, organizational meetings were held t,hroughout the week to estal)lish 1110 I~lter~li~tio~~;ll Allergy Association. Thirty niltional allet~gy societies had intlicatcd their oficial affiliation with the proposed international association. These societies were : The American Academy of Allergy. American (‘ollejir of Allergists. American Society of Ophthalmologic ant1 Otolaryngologic i\llergy, Argentine Xssociation of Allergy and lnimunoIogy, Argentine Allergy Society. Section on Allergy of the Australian Medical Society; am1 the Allergy Societies of Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, (!uba, T)enmark. I~‘inIantl, l”rance, Germany, Great’ Britain, IIungary, Israel, Italy. ,JaI);\ll. Mexico, ‘l‘hc Ket,herIantls, Peru, [<‘or the L’ort,ugal, South Africa, Spail~, Sweden; Switzerlancl. and Uruguay. Acaclenly, President Baltlwin hn(l nI)pointe(l I)r. l<‘. M. Hackemann as its voting representative in the T. A. A.. 1)~. H. $1. l<‘rinberg IIS memhc~r 01‘ the Committee on the (‘onstitution and J:y-laws ant1 T)r. H. Osgood on the Committee on Nomenclature. These three men, acting jointly as the “Zurich Committ~ee” of the Academy, took active parts in the organization of the 1. A. A. The above two (‘ommit,tees of the nascent 1. A. A.. both composed of one representative from each affiliated national allergy society, first met on Saturda.y and Sun&y preceding the sc4entific sessions. Each large committee then appointed a working committee of five members. in which the respective Academy members were included. By intensive work over several weeks preceding the Congress, Dr. Yeinberg had drawn up i1 full draft of i1 teutat,ive constitution and by-laws, in which were correlated the proposals previously presented by Dr. Wittich and the Aca(~enly’s 1 nternntionwl C’onllllitteC. I))- 1)~. Rackrmann, by the British Association of Allergists. atIt 1)~ 1)~. A. S. (4ru1l1l)ach. A Freiieti t~iLllSIatiO11 of this document was made and both the English and E’rench versions were mimeographed and taken to Zurich to form a basis for discussion. I:y hard work and frequent meetings, the working committee on the constit,ution had a
draft ready by Wednesda,y to present to the Committee on the Constitution. The full committee, after reviewing it, presented this draft at the meeting of the voting representatives of all the affiliated societies held 011 Thursday These voting representatives sat from I):30 PX. to 2 A.>I. At this evening. session a definitive version of the C’onstitution and Xy-laws, in English, was (‘ol)ies of this Constitution and adopted and signed by each representative. By-laws, after minor corrections. will be sent to every affiliated society. Considering the diversity of languages and ideas involved, this document may be considered an achievement in international cooperation. Summarizing briefly the essential points: The name of the association will be The International Association of Allergology. Membership will be by nat,ional allergy societies, with prorision for individual membership from countries where no such society exists. Voting members of the affiliated societies automatically become members of the T. A. A. The governing body of the I. A. A. will be a House of Delegates. Each member society (thirty at present) will elect one Delegate to this House of Congress will be held Delegates for a term of four years. An International every four years, at which time the House of Delegat,es will also meet in regular session. The officers of the T. A. A. will be seven in number: President, PresidentElect, First, Second and Third Vice-Presidents, Secretary General, ancl Treasurer. The First Vice-President shall be from the country in which the nest Congress will be helcl. The business of the International Association of dllergology between Congresses will be carried on by an Executive (lommittee of twelve members. These will consist of the seven officers, the Past-President (for one term of four years), and gour members-at-large elected by the House of Delegates. Nominations for officers and for members-at-large of the Executive Com3 from mittee will be made by a nominating committee of twelve Delegates: Europe, 3 from North America, 3 from Central and South America (including Cuba) and 3 at large. Nominations may also be made from the floor at the regular meeting of the House of Delegates. Election of officers and members of the Execnt,ive Committee will be by majority vote of the House of Delegates in regular meeting assembled. Dues will be paid only by member societies and by individual members from countries where there are no allergy societies. The amount of the dues will be determined by the Executive Committee assisted by a Finance Cornmittee. (End of Constitution.) The Committee on Nomenclature, after considering suggestions submitted by the Argentine Allergy Society and The Netherlands Allergy Society, and following a report by its working committee, recognized the need for arriving at generally accepted definitions for many words and terms used in connection with allergy, and for establishing equivalents in the scientific languages of the world. This work will necessarily require considerable time and will eontinue between Congresses. The Committee on Nomenclature therefore recom. mended that a small committee be appointed with an executive secretary, and that funds be provided for the correspondence involved. No action in this
intitter W:IY taken in Zurich, ;rt~tl t,he cluesiioll will have to be (lecrit,ain Secretary General: 1:. N. Halpern, Il’rance Treasurer : A. S. Crrumbach, Switzerland Members-at-large
(‘h. W. Loeffler, Switzarlantl Egon Rruun, Denmark 13’.M. Rackemann, IT. S. A. M. Salazar Mallen, Mexico E.
Although the United States appears to have an undue number of representatives among the officers and members of the Executive Committee, the very large membership in the American allergy societies was taken into consideration, and the ratio may vary in future years. The next International Congress of Allergology, on the invitation of the large Brazilian delegation at Zurich, was voted to be held in Rio de ,Janeiro in 1955. In conclusion, your reporter would like to stress the cordial relations which developed during the Congress among the individuals from the thirtyMany new and useful ideas were presented in the scientific nine nations. But of equal importance, and a source of much pleasure, were the sessions. opportunities for informal conversations and personal friendships afforded by These contacts will bear fruit through the years. this international gathering. Those who were in Zurich will look forward eagerly to their renewal in Rio de Janeiro in 1955. The International Association of Allergology, which Dr. Wittich has worked hard to establish, has the support of the national allergy societies of the world. Its permanence and &ability is assured by the unity achieved in Zurich. The Association will, from now on, be a powerful force in advancing an(I disseminating the knowledge of allergy among the civilized nations. HOWARD OSGOOD, Chairman, International Committee of Academy of Allerg>-.