BOOK REVIEWS Edited by H. Stanley Thompson, M.D.
However, these points are minor and this book remains a classic text on strabismus. It should appeal to residents in training as well as to any ophthalmologist with an interest in ocular motility.
Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility. Theory and Management of Strabismus, ed. 4. By Gunter K. von Noorden. St. Louis, C. V. Mosby, 1990. 557 pages, index, illustrated. $92
Reviewed by ROBERT J. MORRIS
This is the fourth edition of a text originally co-authored with Dr. Burian in 1974, but revised by Dr. von Noorden ever since. It remains the most comprehensive text in the field of ocular motility and strabismus. Written in a clear, readable style, it offers an unusually rich historical perspective on the subject. The literature is well referenced at the end of each chapter. As with previous editions, Sections 1 and 2 cover sensorimotor physiology and neuromuscular anomalies of the eye. The sections provide a thorough account of the theoretic aspects of strabismus. The expanded section, "Sensory Signs and Symptoms of Strabismus," covers an area of particular interest to Dr. von Noorden, and it includes an outstanding account of amblyopia. Sections 3 and 4 cover the clinical aspects and principles of treatment of strabismus. In Section 4 the chapter on nonsurgical treatment of strabismus describes optical, pharmacologic, and orthoptic treatment of strabismus, important but often neglected areas of the subject. There is an expanded section on surgical techniques, which is beautifully illustrated, and reflects the author's surgical preferences. One small quibble I have with this section is the omission of Fells modification of the Harada-Ito procedure, which has now become more widely used than the original technique. There is little to criticize in this book. I feel, however, the section on botulinum toxin therapy should have discussed the physiologic action of the drug and its clinical indications in more detail. Similarly I think the discussion on fourth nerve palsies is brief and should have included more emphasis on the concept of masked bilateral superior oblique palsies. Sadly the book no longer attempts to discuss supranuclear control of eye movements as Dr. von Noorden feels that this is beyond the scope of the book and refers the reader to other sources.
Stedman's Medical Dictionary, ed. 25. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins. 1,784 pages, illustrated. $38.95
Reviewed by MARK J. MANNIS
For most physicians, the medical dictionary remains in place on the bookshelf, to be taken down only when a paper is to be written or when the leg of a table needs to be propped up. It is a book that not-so-favorite relatives buy for you when you are accepted to medical school or that you magnanimously purchase for your secretary when you open your practice. It is not, alas, a book that gets worn with use before it gets worn with age. Nonetheless, like just the right Phillips screwdriver, it is absolutely indispensable when you need it. The 25th edition of Stedman's Medical Dictionary is billed in the preface as "user friendly." Although dictionary use does not generally require any tutoring, this volume begins with a section on how to use the dictionary that includes an explanation of the anatomy of the entries and cross-references, a pronunciation guide, and a key to abbreviations. This is followed by an interesting section on medical etymology. The vocabulary entries are preceded by Stedman's Subentry Locator, an extensive and useful list of subentry terms, mostly adjectives, followed by the primary entries with which they are most commonly used; this section is a handy cross-referencing system. The vocabulary entries include over 1,700 pages of definitions in clear, readable print. The pages are conveniently tabbed, making the location of words easy and rapid. The vocabulary entries are complemented by numerous illustrations, 24 anatomic color plates, and a large 327
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number of tables. The final section of this reference consists of appendices including comparative temperature scales and equivalents, weights and measures, laboratory reference range values, and a section on blood groups. Comparison with another popular medical dictionary I received as a student 20 years ago revealed that not much has changed in the format of the modern medical dictionary. Virtually all the components of the new edition were contained in the old. The chief value of this new volume is its updated vocabulary. (One can find "epikeratophakia" but not "capsulorrhexis. ") Then again, the basic screwdriver has not changed much, and for this reason, it continues to be supremely useful. Stedman's is a wellexecuted volume that will be of value to its owner for years to come.
Management of Orbital and Ocular Adnexal Tumors and Inflammations. Edited by Joseph A. Mauriello, Jr., and Joseph C. Flanagan. New York, Field & Wood Medical Publishers, Inc., 1990.285 pages, index, illustrated. $145
Reviewed by THOMAS C. SPOOR
Considering the experience and expertise of the editors, this text is well written and profusely illustrated, utilizing the clinical and computed tomographic histopathologic format often popular on board examinations, and it is invaluable for understanding orbital disease processes. The book is divided into eight sections. Chapter 1 describes patients with orbital disorders and reviews the various disease processes affecting the orbit. Orbital and adnexal problems are divided into six categories, which are the subjects of subsequent chapters: orbital inflammatory disease, adult orbital tumors, pediatric orbital tumors, lacrimal gland inflammation and tumors, lacrimal sac inflammations and tumors, and eyelid tumors and inflammation. An additional chapter reviews orbital surgical techniques for both tumor removal and dysthyroid orbitopathy (orbital decompression and eyelid reconstruction). Basic and advanced eyelid reconstruction is well reviewed in the final chapter, "Tumors and Inflammations of the Lids."
This book provides an excellent review of the plethora of orbital and adnexal disease processes, as well as the surgical techniques used to treat them. Additionally, each chapter is well referenced. It is a welcome addition to my library of oculoplastic, orbital, and neuro-ophthalmic references and should be added to yours.
Fitting Guide for Rigid and Soft Contact Lenses. A Practical Approach, ed, 3. Edited by Harold A. Stein, Bernhard J. Slatt, and Raymond M. Stein. S1. Louis, C. V. Mosby, 1990.613 pages, index, illustrated. $55.95
Reviewed by R. LINSY FARRIS New York, New York Harold Stein and Bernhard Slatt have been joined by Raymond Stein and several new authors to produce an enlarged and up-to-date edition of Fitting Guide for Rigid and Soft Contact Lenses. The new chapters include examination of the tear film, contact lens materials and manufacturing, contact lens and ocular allergy, current care systems, and verification of contact lens orders. The new chapters by authors such as Allansmith, Morgan, Josephson, and Halberg are good additions to this practical guide of contact lens fitting. Basic information necessary for fitting contact lenses in a safe and effective manner is the real value of this book. The safety of contact lenses is considered a major issue in patient selection, and an examination of the patient discloses factors against or in favor of successful wear. Not only patient selection but the choice of contact lens is the responsibility of the fitter. The text contains fitting methods for soft and rigid lenses and considers various methods as well as the advantages and disadvantages of different lens types. Difficult fittings, such as for patients with keratoconus and presbyopia, complications, and treatment of ocular allergy associated with extended-wear contact lenses are given special treatment in separate chapters. Many ideas and answers are provided in these pages. I particularly like the practical information provided in the chapter on managing and starting a contact lens practice in the chapter on cosmetics and contact lens wear. This improved text of directions and explanations from experienced clinicians has abundant