Textbook of gynaecology

Textbook of gynaecology

Volume Number BOOK 75 I Biochemical Stanford, Contributions Calif., to Endocrinology. 1957, Stanford REVIEWS By University 221 Charles Dodd...

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Volume Number

BOOK

75 I

Biochemical Stanford,

Contributions Calif.,

to Endocrinology.

1957,

Stanford

REVIEWS By

University

221

Charles Dodd% Press. $3.00.

76 pages,

28 illustrations.

This

small book comprises the five lectures given by the author in 1956, at the School of Stanford University. To a large degree, the book is a historical outline of the study of endocrinology, but some of the clinical applications are described. Especially interesting are the two chapters on the agricultural applications of the hormones, particularly estrogen and the discovery of aldosterone. The latter is of interest because of its newness. There is nothing very outstanding about the book, hoffever, and it offers very little for the clinician.

Medical

Die Pathogenese des Morbus Disease of the Newborn). Verlag. $2.30.

(In

the

haemolyticus

neonatorum

(The

Pathogenesis

By G. Martius. 70 pages. Stuttgart, States, New York, Intercontinental

United

1956, Medical

of Hemolytic Georg Book

Thieme Corp.)

This book is divided into two almost equal parts. The first section reviews critically, at length and in some detail, the previous literature on the pathogenesis of hemolytic disease of the newborn and discusses the present knowledge on antigen and antibody transfer across the placenta. It is particularly emphasized that antigens of the ABO system are not present in the blood-free placenta. The second section deals largely with a group of experiments which are well covered by controls which show that: 1. Conglutinating

anti-ah

sera

do not

react

with

placental

tissue

of

Rh-positive

in-

fants. 2. Agglutinating anti-Rh sera undergo nonspecific 3. There is no Rh antigen in the umbilical cord

reactions or in the

unrelated to Rh antigens. serum of Rh-positive sub-

jects. In histologic examination of erythroblastotic disease only in the stroma, based on intravascular persistence of two layers of epithelium is considered conclusions are drawn:

placentas the author found evidence of reaction of antibody and antigen. The to be a lack of aging. The following

1. There is no Rh antigen in the placenta. 2. The healthy placenta, in the absence of trauma, is a barrier to sensitization of the mother. However, trauma to placental vessels is always present at the time of labor and delivery. 3. The erythroblastotic placenta permits fetal erythrocytes to cross to the maternal blood stream, giving a reinforcing reaction and, hence, rising antibody titers. 4. Minimal (0.5 c.c.) blood administration is enough to sensitize the mother.

mental

The material techniques

Textbook Bombay

is presented were rigorously

of Gynaecology. 7, India,

1957,

with great exact.

By K. Popular

M.

clarity

and

Masani. Book Depot.

Second

it

would

edition.

appear

775

that

the

experi-

pages,

276

figures.

A second edition of Masani’s Textbook of Gynaecology is complete, authoritative, and written in a very agreeable, simplified, concise manner which should appeal to the reader. The author has retained much of the basic material of the original text but has elaborated moro thoroughly on many entities and has added all the newer aspects of gynecologic disease in the present, edition. In addition to the usual gynecologic entities, it covers the related subjects such as anatomy, embryology, physiology, endocrinology, and psychology. As in the previous edition the author has laid special emphasis on clinical diagnosis and

treatmont. Differential diagnosis work. The differences in clinical in other Eastern countries have t,he subject in 14 major sections,

has hetn given in detail to avoid pitfalls in clinical gynecology in Western countries and in India and generali? been emphasized. The author provides wide euverage of 52 chapters, arrd 775 pages.

An excellent feature of the book is a short historical account given as a preface to all major subjects discussed. The section on “History and Examination” emphasizes diagnostic aids and cancer detection, including cytology. The presentation of subjects is orderly and detailed. The reviewer is particularly impressed with the section on applied physiology in which a composite account is given of the different epochs of a woman’s life. The author has paid particular attention to the psychological considerations in gynecologic practice. He devotes a chapter to the orientation of the gynecologist to the impact of social, psychological, and environmental factors in the causation of some of the disorders Carcinoma of the cervix is particularly well handled and commonly seen in his practice. is thoroughly discussed, especially the chapters dealing with the various techniques and results of radium therapy and irradiation versus surgical treatment. There is a. section on operative gynecology in which the techniques of the most caommon procedures are given in detail. Pre- and postoperative care is also discussed. Although gynecologic pathology has not been emphasized in this text, the author includes enough basic information to meet the minimum requirements of undergraduate students. Unfortunately, many of the photographic illustrations are indistinct, and perhaps the author should provide more and better illustrations in the future editions. Many diagrams, however, particularly those illustrating the steps of operations, adequately suppleIn most sections of the book, the author has provided a ment the written material. satisfactory bibliography of important contributions at the end of each chapter, for graduates appearing for higher examinations and practitioners who desire to read in detail Certain subjects, however, are inadequately some of the advanced aspects of the subject. documented with current reference mat,erial. These points are minor in mentioned. Although there are acceptable to the severest critic.

an otherwise excellent book, a few scattered typographical

but perhaps they errors, the text

should should

be be