Total Knee Arthroplasty

Total Knee Arthroplasty

Book Reviews Total Knee Arthroplasty, edited by James A. Rand, 464 pp, with illus, $130, New York, Raven Press, 1993 ample in number; legibility has ...

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Book Reviews Total Knee Arthroplasty, edited by James A. Rand, 464 pp, with illus, $130, New York, Raven Press, 1993

ample in number; legibility has not been sacrificed. The all-star cast of contributors has also been maintained, which assures authoritative reviews. All chapters have been rewritten to incorporate advances. Volume 1 covers basic neurobiology, anatomy and physiology, immunology, electromyography and conduction studies, and quantitative analysis of clinical and autonomic abnormalities. Volume 2 is devoted to individual diseases, and molecular genetics is addressed in sections on specific disorders. The chapter numbers in this edition are identical to those in the second edition; readers will find familiar titles in the same order. Four pages of color illustrations have been added. Studies of peripheral nerve diseases have provided a prime example of the contribution of clinical neurology to fundamental neurobiology, immunology, neurophysiology, neuropathology, and human genetics-and vice versa. These two volumes provide the evidence for this assertion and also offer clinical neurologists the necessary practical information to diagnose diseases and treat patients. In these days of profligate publishing of duplicate books and ego trips for some editors, it is a pleasure to find that this landmark monograph in the history of clinical neurology has maintained its position as a text that has been needed and that provides a model for others to imitate. The editors and authors are to be congratulated for a major achievement.

This text is a well-done, comprehensive review of the critical aspects of total knee arthroplasty. A wide array of chapters deal with biomechanics, indications and preoperative planning, surgical technique of both primary and revision total knee arthroplasty, as well as complication management. Alternatives to total knee arthroplasty, such as arthroscopic debridement and osteotomy, are also addressed. The chapter on knee biomechanics, including both the nonimplanted knee and the biomechanical aspects of total knee arthroplasty, is one of the best single-chapter reviews of this subject that I have encountered. Well-respected experts in the field of total knee arthroplasty contributed to this text. Most chapters are extensively illustrated and well referenced. The material is as current as possible. The quality of radiographic reproduction is satisfactory. As with most multiauthored texts, some minor duplication of material is evident among chapters, particularly in the discussion of the issues of management of bone loss and prostheses modularity. Surgical results are sporadically discussed in numerous chapters on the basis of prosthetic design. A concise summary chapter that reviewed the results of the various types of total knee arthroplasty would have been helpful. This text should be in the library of any orthopedic surgeon who has a keen interest in total knee arthroplasty. It is appropriate reading for. both the resident in training in orthopedics and the highly skilled adult reconstructive surgeon. I will refer to it frequently in the future.

Lewis P. Rowland, M.D. Henry and Lucy Moses Professor Chairman, Department of Neurology Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center New York, New York

Douglas A. Dennis, M.D. Denver Orthopedic Clinic, P.e. Denver, Colorado

Replacement Cardiac Valves, edited by Endre Bodnar and Robert Frater, 482 pp, with illus, $94.50, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1992

Peripheral Neuropathy, 3rd ed (in 2 vols), edited by Peter James Dyck and P. K. Thomas, 1,804 pp, with illus, $335, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1993

What is there to say about the third edition of the leading volume in a major field of neurology? This one has maintained its premier position, incorporating the fantastic volume of new knowledge in the 9-year interval since the second edition was published. One measure of change is the addition of three new associate editors; Griffin, Low, and Poduslo replace Bunge and Lambert in supervising neurobiology and physiology. Dyck and Thomas provide the continuity and the emphasis on clinical aspects of peripheral neuropathy. They have updated the material without inordinately increasing the bulk of the text and, thereby, the price. The second edition had 2,323 pages, and this new two-volume set has only 1,804. However, the size of the page has been increased, the individual pages are thinner, and the type is smaller. The thinner paper results in some "see-through," but the illustrations are still clear and certainly Mayo Clin Proc 1993; 68:1034-1038

This book by Bodnar and Frater provides an in-depth review of mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valves, with particular emphasis on design, durability, and modes of failure. For bioprosthetic valves, the coverage of the incidence and mechanisms of degenerative calcification is extensive. For mechanical valves, the discussion of material used for valve housing and occluders, wear characteristics, and mechanisms of mechanical failure and thrombosis is thorough. The six chapters that deal with individual types of prostheses contain lucid discussions of the advantages and limitations of each type of prosthetic valve. Promising valves in the premarketing stage are presented in addition to valves that are commonly used. Readers will enjoy the timely discussions of the strut fracture problem that has been encountered with the convexo-concave models ofthe Bjork-Shiley valve. Homograft aortic prostheses are also comprehensively addressed. This text was published before various stentless aortic prostheses received premarketing approval in the United States; therefore, it does not provide details about these


© 1993 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research